Cutting Cornelian Cherry - Instructions - Dirndlstrauch, Cornus mas


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Cornelian cherry - Cornus mas

In autumn, beautiful, red, oval fruits are formed. They resemble the cherries and the structure also a little bit the olives. Main harvest time is in September. Different varieties may differ in harvest time, taste and appearance. For a rich harvest, it is advisable to plant several shrubs, although the cherries are einhäusig and their flowers hermaphrodite. In order to enjoy them raw and reasonably sweet, one should wait with the harvest until they are almost dark red and almost fall off by themselves.

Roots, wood

The yellow dogwood, as the Cornelian cherry is also called, is deeply rooted, but also has flat long roots around it. However, this does not form any foothills. In this way, only by lowering some shoots or by cutting cuttings new shrubs can be used. The Cornus mas belongs to the so-called heart-rooting. Cornu mas, the name is program. Because Latin "Cornu mas" means "male horn" and thus indicates the extraordinary hardness of the wood. The cherries wood was formerly used for the production of weapons, tool handles and walking sticks. It's so hard and hard that it goes down in the water.

growth

The Dirndlstrauch forms multi-stemmed emerging branches. The branch already starts at the bottom. It becomes uncut up to 3.50 meters wide and up to 5 meters high. The growth rate depends on the variety and site conditions, but at 10 to 25 cm per year is not particularly vigorous. Nevertheless, the cornelian is basically considered very cut compatible.

Cut variants

Depending on the location and the purpose, as a solitary tree or hedge, the cornelian cherry can be cut. Almost all cutting work is done after flowering. The Cornus mas can be compared to other flowering natural shrubs, cut very well as a hedge in shape. They can live up to 100 years and are also impressive as a solitary tree. The following cut variants are suitable for the Cornelian cherry:
  • Auslichtungsschnitt, rejuvenation cut
  • Strong pruning, cut on the stick
  • Hedge trimming (shape cut)
  • Hedge trimming (free growing hedge)
  • Educational cut (tree, hedge)
  • Cutting cuttings
  • plant section

Instructions for the cut variants

- Always the right cut at the right time -

Thin out

Cornelian cherry - Cornus mas

The clearing may be necessary to give the tree, or shrub more structure and air. The new boom and the flowering next year will be promoted. The flowers are always developing on the new impulses of the previous year. This cut occurs in spring, after flowering. If no specific shape is to be promoted, it is perfectly sufficient to make this Auslichtungsschnitt every two or three years. Here are some older shoots, cut directly on the ground. Younger soil shoots are only a little shortened.

Strong pruning

If a yellow dogwood shrub has spread too much and is wildly overgrown, it may be necessary to cut it down completely. This is also called "putting on the stick". This is a radical cut, in which all floor branches radically cut off to a height of 20 centimeters, or sawn off. This pruning is carried out mainly in the dormancy. The Cornelian cherry tolerates such a radical cut very well. But you have to expect that they will struggle a little bit with the flowering one to two years later.

Cut the hedge

If you use the Cornelian Cherry as a wind and sight protection hedge, you can not avoid a regular, annual cut. With a hedge from Cornus mas you not only have a low-maintenance and visually varied border, but also sets ecologically valuable accents for many native creatures.
There are only a few native, flowering shrubs that are as cut compatible as the Dirndl shrubs. The cutting is done annually after flowering:
  • mainly in the lower area to promote branching there
  • is reached the desired height, is also cut in height
  • a Radikalschnitt in the winter promotes the coppice, for a denser hedge
Form hedge, educational cut
For a hedge, the young plants should often be trimmed early so that they branch as often as possible. For the parenting cut the new shoots are regularly shortened until the hedge has reached the desired height. For a lush flowering and leaf growth, make sure that the hedge tapers slightly towards the top. With a hedge height of two meters you can walk at the base to a width of one meter. In the top then about 80 centimeters.
Cut free growing hedge
Even a free-growing hedge should get missed a regular cut, after flowering. The main thing is to rejuvenate the cut and promote flowering next year. For this you do the following work:
  • dead shoots, remove dead wood
  • Remove the water shoots
  • shorten too long shoots
  • old branches right at the base
If a free-growing hedge has not been cut for a long time, it can be too bulky or it can be flared, especially at the bottom. Remedy here also provides a radical cut to 20 inches above the ground. This radical rejuvenation cut is done in the winter so she can best recover from it. The flowering will then be missed in the next year, but you can take that in favor of numerous, healthy, new impulses gladly accepted.

Cut tree

Cornelian cherry - Cornus mas

The Cornelian cherry is also excellent as a tree. It is best to choose a plant when purchasing, which has a strong shoot if possible and otherwise has not been trained on many deep branches. Then you let them grow as free as possible. Only far below branching branches should be removed regularly.

Cutting cuttings

Another reason to prune his cornel is to grow cuttings to multiply. Cuttings can be cut in spring after flowering or in winter. Semi-wooded shoots are best suited. For cuttings about 20 centimeters long shoots are needed. Remove the lower leaves and simply put them in the ground.

plant section

The Cornelian cherry is also sold rootless. Before planting in spring or autumn, one usually cuts the roots a bit. The plant itself is also shortened before planting. In this type of planting the cornelian cherries grow very slowly during the first years and you have to be patient.
Tip: Rootless goods are usually sold in larger containers and are ideal for the planting of a large hedge. Bale or even container goods can be quite expensive for larger quantities in the purchase.

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