Cranesbill (Geranium) - Characteristics for care


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Depending on the variety, cranesbills are 15-120 cm high. The flowering period is from May to September depending on the variety. The pruning after the first pile promotes a second, sometimes a third flower. Some varieties are wonderful as ground cover, they multiply by foothills and suppress even unpleasant weeds. Ground-covering cranesbills are best planted in heath and nature gardens, where they can spread undisturbed.
maintenance
The range of flower colors and shapes is wide. It ranges from white with pink stripes (Geranium cantabrigiense), over blue, filled (Geranium Birch Double), purple to red-violet (Geranium macrorrhizum), to brownish-purple (Geranium phaeum).
Many (but not all) species are hardy even in our latitudes, some are even wintergreen (Geranium riversleajanum Russell Prichard). Some varieties change their leaf color into a bright red. A wonderful sight in autumnal gardens. This color will last until the first frosts.
Propagation can be done by division, cracking and sowing. Some varieties are also suitable for the K├╝belhaltung (especially not hardy varieties) and for traffic lights.
Cranesbill is absolutely pest- and disease-free, it is also avoided by snails. The plant is pollen carrier, therefore may not be suitable for allergy sufferers.
Cranesbill are very popular swap objects in forum communities and in plant swap. The diversity of varieties contributes to this popularity. In autumn and spring, it is worthwhile to search for plant plants for these plants. So one finds one or the other rare kind.
Characteristics

  • Type / Family: Perennial. Belongs to the family of the cranesbill family (Geraniaceae)
  • Care: Low. Easy care, uncomplicated and frugal
  • Flowering time: Depending on the variety from May to October in white, pink, purple, blue or red
  • Foliage: Hand-shaped deeply divided leaves in fresh, rich green with a nice reddish autumn color. Aromatic spicy scented. Some species also gray-green or blue-green foliage
  • Growth: Ground covering, bushy, compact habit. Spreads by streaking
  • Height / width: 10 to 60cm high and 40 to 50cm wide
  • Location: Sunny to partially shaded. Dry, well-drained soil, some species also cool moist soil e.g. at the pond edge. Most like in front of and between trees
  • Planting time: Anytime as long as the soil is not frozen. Can be seeded in the spring
  • Cut: very cut compatible. Ground near pruning in the spring before new shoot
  • Partner: Adds nicely to the perennial flowerbed
  • Propagation: division before or after flowering. Seeds can also be collected and sown elsewhere
  • Care: Most species do not water too much. Fertilization is not necessary in most species
  • Wintering: Winter hardy except for the geranium
  • Diseases / Problems: No problem
Particularities:
  • Emits a natural charm that fits well into a natural garden
  • Good and durable cut flower
  • Is also outside the flowering period by the decorative, spicy-smelling leaves and the extraordinary autumn color an ornament
  • The balcony plants commonly offered by us as geraniums are actually called pelargoniums and are just one of the many species of cranesbills
  • Extra tip: areas that are overgrown with vegetation can hardly be cut by hand, simply use a grass trimmer
species
Blood Cranesbill (Geranium sanguineum)
Next to the geranium the best known species. Height 10-50cm. Blooms mostly from May to September, with main flowering time in May and June, with cup-shaped, crimson, pink or white flowers. Breitw├╝chsig, with the shoots spread on the ground and also overgrow other plants and objects such as stones quickly. Sunny to hot dry location is preferred. Water only with long drought. Perfect partners are grass lilies. To stop spread can be cut back at any time
Rock Cranesbill (Geranium macorrhizum)
Height 20-30cm. Blooms from May to July with delicately fragrant, plate-shaped, sitting on several branched flower stems flowers in light pink, pink or white. Leaves smell particularly aromatic. The scent of the leaves should be unpopular in dogs. Groundcover, which forms dense carpets with creeping rhizomes. Also tolerates moist soil well
Geranium - Pelargonium (Pelargonium)
In Germany, the most popular and widely used balcony plant. Not hardy, therefore is usually traded as one year old. Can also be winterized in a cool, bright room frost-free
Gray Cranesbill (Geranium cinereum)
Loves full sunny location
Himalayan Cranesbill (Geranium himalayense)
Height 30-40cm. Blooms from June to October in blue, pink or red. Hardy. Ideal rose partner
Caucasus Cranesbill (Geranium renardii)
Height 30cm. Flowers with white or purple colored, veined flowers. Very nice gray-green leaves. Bushy, compact habit. Is very suitable for the foreground of a bed or as a border
Magnificent cranesbill (Geranium x magnificum)
Cross of Iberian and Garden Cranesbill. Height 30-50cm. Flowers from May to June with cup-shaped flowers in light pink or deep purple and dark veining in umbel-like inflorescences. Dark green leaves with a very spicy fragrance. Ground-cover. Strong, bushy growth, forming a hemisphere. Likes to sit in front of and between trees in nutrient-rich and water-permeable soil. Can be well divided before or after flowering
Pink-headed beak (Geranium endressii)
Height 30-50cm high and 40-50cm wide. Blooms from early summer to fall with pale pink, red-veined flowers. Like permeable soil. hardy
Various-colored Cranesbill (Geranium versicolor)
Blooms from May to July in purple. Prefers a partially shaded location
Wood Cranesbill (Geranium sylvaticum)
Height 30-60cm. Blooms from June to July with small cup-shaped flowers in pink, purple or white to several flowering over the foliage. I like it half shady under woody plants and at the edge of the pond. Cool, always slightly moist soil. Rootballs should never dry out completely. Horstbildend, quickly lying down and so almost groundcover
Meadow Cranesbill (Geranium pratense)
Wildstaude, which is native from Europe to Siberia and Central Asia. Height 40-60cm. Depending on the variety June to September flowers with white, purple or pink simple or filled flowers. Gladly on the edge of the pond with nutrient-rich, calcareous and permeable soil
(Geranium platypetalum)
Is common from the Caucasus to Iran. With us rather unknown and also rarely offered in the trade
Varieties (selection)
  • Album: Forest Cranesbill. Height 25cm. Pure white flowers. Likes partially shaded location
  • 'Ballerina: Gray Cranesbill. Height 15cm. Blooms from June to October in strong pink veined clearly dark
  • 'Biokovo: Geranium x cantabrigiense. Height 20cm. Vigorous groundcover. Delicate pink and white shimmering flowers from May to July
  • 'Blue Birch Double┬«': Himalayan cranesbill. Newer variety originating from England. Height 30cm. Blooms from July to October with well-filled flowers dark blue-purple
  • 'Burces Double┬«': Also available as' Red Burcs Double┬« 'or' Red Birch Double┬«. Himalayan cranesbill. Newer, from England originating variety. Height 30cm. Blooms from July to October with well-filled flowers in pink-purple
  • 'Carol┬«: newer variety. Height 15-20cm. Blooms from May to August in dark pink. Also shows well by blue-green foliage. Requires sunny to half shady site and likes to spread further
  • 'Czakor: Rock Cranesbill. Horstartig growing variety with pink flowers
  • 'Double Jewel: Newer variety. Height 50cm. Blooms in summer with clematis-like, well-filled flowers in white with purple mottled center. hardy
  • Elsbeth: Blood Cranesbill. Height 35cm.Blood from June to August in red
  • 'Funny Face: Pelargonium violareum, hardy geranium. Height 40cm, 60cm wide. Blooms through the summer with small, iris-like flowers in pin-red and white. Should be hardy to -20 degrees Celsius. Egg-shaped oval, serrated on the edge, dark green foliage
  • Glenluce: Blood Cranesbill. Pink flowers
  • Gudula: Blood Cranesbill. Crimson flowers
  • 'Ingwersen: Rock Cranesbill. It is considered to be an extremely rich pale pink flower
  • 'Johnsons blue: Himalayan cranesbill. Height 40cm. Flowers abundantly from June to August in violet blue with light blue center
  • 'Lancastriense: blood-cranesbill. Height 10cm. Weak, low-growing variety with delicate pale pink flowers
  • 'Mayflower: Forest Cranesbill. Very rich flowering variety in violet-blue
  • 'Mrs. Kendall Clarke: Meadow Cranesbill. Bright purple flowers, sometimes veined white
  • 'Philippe Vapelle: Caucasus Cranesbill. Impressed by large, strong blue-violet veined flowers
  • 'Purple Pillow: height 15cm. Blooms from June to September in deep dark red-purple-pink. Striking blue-green foliage. Forms tight compact pads
  • 'Red Birch Double┬«': See above the variety 'Burces Double┬«
  • 'Red Burces Double┬«': See above the variety 'Burces Double┬«
  • 'Rozanne: Very rich medium blue flowering with slightly light blue center. Up to 800 flowers per season are possible. Cope well with dryness. Absolutely hardy. Was elected the perennial of the year 2008 in America
  • Spessart: Rock Cranesbill. Very beautiful white flowers with pink ornament
  • 'Splish Splash: Meadow Cranesbill. Height 40-50cm. Blooms from June to September in white-blue
  • 'Striatum: Meadow Cranesbeak.Showy white flowers with purple stripes

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