Create a cottage garden - instructions with many ideas and examples


The Content Of The Article:

Farm garden sketch

Regardless of the size of the area, please make a sketch as true to scale as possible. Note the different light conditions, which makes later plant selection easier. A shady niche does not necessarily have to be planted, but can be provided for a compost heap. The following basic elements characterize the authentic farm garden and are included in the planning drawing:
  • The basic structure consists of 4 equal-sized, rectangular or square beds
  • Access to the beds is via a crossroads
  • Each bed has its own enclosure
  • A rondel marks the crossing of the paths as the centerpiece
  • An encircling path allows access to every outside bed
  • An enclosure with 1 or 2 entrances acts as a boundary
  • Between the surrounding path and fencing, a space of 60-100 cm provides space for other plants
Add to the sketch as desired decorative elements, such as a bench, a fountain, rose arches over the entrances, statues or boulders as an eye-catcher and other decorative components for a relaxed look. Naturalness is the trump card in the selection of materials. Wood and stone in all variations underlines the claim of an original farmer's garden. In contrast, materials of unnatural origin are taboo, such as plastic, aluminum or asphalt.
Tip: So that the care work can be carried out unhindered in the finished farmer garden, a width of at least 60 cm, respectively a wheelbarrow width, should be planned for the ways. This minimum width also applies to the input or inputs.

Instructions for the construction work

As soon as the frost has sprung up in the spring, the work for the basic structure of the cottage garden can begin. Ideally, the area was already dug up in the fall, freeing it of old roots, stones and other impurities. The incorporation of compost or the application of a green manure prepares the soil perfectly for later planting. If necessary, this work can be preceded in February / March the actual construction. How to create the perfect starting point for your cottage garden:
  • Rake and rake the terrain thoroughly
  • According to the planning drawing, mark beds, paths, center and fencing with pegs and strings
  • Lift the ground 20 to 30 cm deep along the paths
  • Fill with bark mulch, ornamental gravel or grit
  • Alternatively, create a fine seedbed to sow out lawns or to lay turf as a roadway
If the budget gives it, natural stone slabs are ideal for fixing the ways and the center. A natural and decorative look is created by the fact that occasional natural stone slabs are laid out on lawn-covered paths as soon as the lawn has set.

Ideas for the enclosure

Bauerngarten hunter fence

The selection of the fencing is subject to various influences, such as the size of the area, the available sum or the harmonious coordination with the dwelling house. As a suggestion, we have compiled traditional solutions for the enclosure of the site:
  • Staked fence made of unpainted oak or chestnut wood, without crossbeam, connected by galvanized wire
  • Dry wall made of natural stones
  • Wicker fence made of natural pasture
  • Picket fence made of untreated wood
  • Fence made of pine or spruce wood
An evergreen or flowering hedge ensures an equally atmospheric color. This not only acts as a natural shield, but also provides insects and microorganisms a safe haven. Alternatively, turn the wooden fence into a flowering bulwark by planting it with flowering fence sugars, such as dahlia (Dahlia), hollyhock (Alcea), clematis (Clematis), marshmallow (Althaea cannabina) or cranesbill (geranium).

Tips for the bed border

As a classic for the shapely bed border is the boxwood on the retreat, as the stubborn boxwood growl explodes explosively. However, you should not refrain from delimiting the individual beds in the cottage garden. This measure not only has an optical purpose. Rather, it should be ensured in the context of mixed culture that the plants do not overgrow each other or invasive species spread uncontrollably. Instead of Buxus, there are a variety of easy-care options available, as the following selection shows:
  • Petite Lady's Mantle (Alchemilla epipsila)
  • Blue Pillow (Aubrieta)
  • Upholstery phox (Phlox subulata or douglasii)
  • Lavender (lavender officinalis)
  • Thyme (Thymus)
  • Bergilex (Ilex Crenata)
  • Bushy Barberry (Berberis buxifolia)
  • Dwarf Glitter Pattern (Ligustrum vulgare)
As an appealing alternative to floral bedding, creative home gardeners use a mini version of the property fence. It creates a harmonious look when the Staketen- or hunter fence repeated in small format as a bed border.High-quality natural stone slabs, which can be found on the paths, also create a picturesque appearance that complies with the basic ideas of the farmer's garden.

Examples of the design of the center

In the heart of the farmer's garden, the paths converge to the junction, which attracts everyone's attention. In order for the center to fulfill the expectations as a visual highlight, a multitude of creative possibilities are available. Typically, the core is round shaped. However, there is nothing wrong with giving it a rectangular or square shape. We have looked around in Germany's cottage gardens and put together the following examples as a suggestion for you:
  • A rose rondel framed by low, evergreen Bergilex
  • An obelisk overgrown with flowering climbing plants
  • A stone statue, planted with upholstery or bed roses
  • A fountain with mini pond
  • A solitary fruit tree, elderberry or flowering shrub
  • A herbal spiral

Herbal snail herb spiral cottage garden

You move on mystical paths of archaic cottage gardens, if you opt for a Sadebaum (Juniperus sabina) as an eye-catcher. This junipers species is part of the ancient garden heritage that our ancestors said was capable of warding off evil spirits, disease and misfortune. As this wood is poisonous in all parts, there is no shortlist for the family garden.

Suggestions for the planting plan

Naturally, the planting takes on a key function in the newly created cottage garden. On the basis of a mixed culture according to the 4-field economy, the maintenance effort remains within a manageable framework in order to achieve the desired goal. In a mixed culture plants are socialized, which are well tolerated. Specifically, this means that they have a positive influence on each other through root excretions, different use of water and nutrient reserves as well as rooting depths. In this way, optimal results can be achieved in a confined space with regard to yield and flowering. The result is optimized by planting the beds in alternating patterns every year with high-, medium- and low-consumption useful and ornamental plants. The fourth bed is optionally used as herbal bed and orchard or provides enough space for plant-loyal plants.

Example of a self-catering cottage garden with a decorative touch

On its historical development, the farmer's garden has gone through numerous modifications that always reflect an adaptation to the zeitgeist. The modern home gardener has developed a soft spot for a mix of ecologically grown crops and lavish flowers. The following example concretizes how to do it:

Beet 1 - Heavy Cigarette

The following crops are eligible for the Starkzehrer bed in the cottage garden:
  • Broccoli (Brassica oleracea)
  • Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum)
  • Cucumbers (Cucumis sativus)
  • Tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum)
  • Melons (Cucumis melo)
  • Kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea var. Gongylodes)
The vegetable and fruit vegetable plants are associated with floral beauties to meet the demand for a lavish and colorful farm garden:
  • Larkspur (Consolidaajacis)
  • Poppy (Macleaya cordata)
  • Chrysanthemums (Chrysanthemum)
  • Sunflowers (Helianthus)

cottage garden

The weighting between useful and ornamental plants decides on the status of the farmer garden as the predominant self-catering or ornamental garden.

Beet 2 - Medium tasters

In the bed for the Mittelzehrer you are spoiled for choice, because a variety of delicious and magnificent garden plants comes into focus here. The following selection would like to give an insight into the broad spectrum:
  • Eggplant (Solanum melongena)
  • Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa subsp. Pekinensis)
  • Beetroot (Beta vulgaris subsp. Vulgaris var. Conditiva)
  • Endive (Cichorium endivia)
  • Radicchio (Cichorium intybus var. Foliosum)
  • Runner beans (Phaseolus vulgaris spp. Vulgaris var. Vulgaris)
  • Spinach (Spinacia oleracea)
In adjoining as well as decorative neighborhood, the following ornamental plants like to join:
  • Purple bell (Heuchera)
  • Blue Iron Hat (Aconitum napellus)
  • Bergenia (Bergenia cordifolia)
  • Golden peach oak (Lysimachia vulgaris)
Annual summer flowers bring year by year change in the cottage garden. For example, in the spring you can plant marigolds (Calendula officinalis) and spray their colorful charm in the farmer's garden until autumn.
Tip: In the concrete composition of the plant neighbors - in addition to the nutrient and water requirements - the stature height and breadth should be included in the considerations.

Beet 3 - Weak Eater

In the bed for vegetables and ornamentals with low nutrient consumption, the following species feel in good hands:
  • Corn salad (Valerianella)
  • Radish (Raphanus sativus var. Sativus)
  • Bush beans (Phaseolus vulgaris ssp.vulgaris var. Nanus)
  • Peas (Pisum sativum)
  • Purslane (Portulaca oleracea)
Rounding out this area of ​​the cottage garden by goose cress (Arabis caucasica), asters (Aster) or the frugal grasslands (Armeria maritima).For a look with natural abundance provide small ornamental grasses, such as the native heart-shiver grass (Briza media) or the noble gold-edge sedge (Carex dolichostachya).

Bed 4 - options

The fourth bed in the round is not fixed on its function as herbal bed. If you have opted for a herb spiral as the center of the farmer's garden or have low need for herbs, this area is available as a horticultural playground. What makes this useful is shown in the following list:
  • Strawberries (Fragaria)
  • Asparagus (asparagus)
  • Rhubarb (Rheus)
  • Basil (Ocimum basilicum)
  • Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)
  • Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)
Berry fruit of all kinds attracts here with seductive fruits and berries. Gooseberries, raspberries, cranberries or blackberries invite you to snack. All of these site-friendly plants are also perfectly suited to greening the strip between the surrounding path and fence.

Example of a historic cottage garden

Is it in your endeavor to create a primitive, nostalgic farm garden that is cleansed of the zeitgeist? Then take a look back at the historic beginnings. In the early Middle Ages, the farmers were drawn to the cleverly designed monastery gardens with a large cloister, a tree orchard garden and a vegetable and herb garden. In order to bring in a rich harvest as well, the rural population copied the concept insofar that all four gardens were combined to form the current plan.
Thanks to the estate ordinance of Charlemagne and the transcript of the St. Gallen monastery plan from the 9th century, we now know how the then planting was composed. A wealth of tasks had to be covered. This included a contribution to nutrition in the form of vegetables and fruits. Likewise, the health of medicinal plants and the defense against pests with poisonous and aromatic plants. Included were plants for starching or dyeing laundry. Last but not least, the peasants at the time attached great importance to beautiful flowers with recreational value and to the decoration of altars on religious holidays. These plants generate your historic cottage garden:

Excerpt from the Plant List of Charlemagne of 812:

  • Vegetables: cabbage, leeks, carrots, broad beans, large (thick) beans and salad
  • Fruit: apples, plums, cherries, peaches, elderberries, gooseberries
  • Herbs and spices: wild garlic, garlic, dittany, amaranth, sage
For the ornament, the ruler wished roses, lilies and mallows in the gardens of his peasants. A saddle tree should mark the center. The conclusion of this list is the suggestion that every gardener on his roof should plant house root to ward off evil spirits and lightning. It was not until much later that potatoes, tomatoes and maize found their way into the cottage garden, as these plants became known after the discovery of America.

Tips for an attractive decoration

cottage garden

Small and large decorations are the tip of the scales in the multi-faceted farm garden. Regardless of whether you put the emphasis on utility or ornamental value, smart delicacies express the inimitable character of the rural country garden. The following suggestions would like to inspire your imagination:
  • Place planted wicker baskets in the middle of the beds
  • Place home-made scarecrow as an eye-catcher
  • Provide a zinc tub from the flea market with drainage holes and plant
  • Turn a used wheelbarrow into a planter
  • Framing a stone bench with rosebows for a cozy seat
When decorating, think of the beneficials of the garden and kill two birds with one stone. Fill a rustic ceramic pot with wood wool and put it on a fence post. This is where insects and microorganisms feel at home and thankfully hunt for pests.
Conclusion
For the dream of the idyllic farm garden to take shape, it depends on a competent planning. Before you go to the construction and planting work, the floor plan should be sketched and prepared the floor properly. The simple basic structure consisting of wayside cross, 4 equal sized beds, an encircling path and an enclosure sets the course. Only natural materials are used to implement the ideas, such as wood and stone. The planting plan is based on the principle of mixed culture in conjunction with the 4-field economy. This tutorial uses two concrete examples to show you how to modify the concept of the farmer garden with a view to the zeitgeist. Alternatively, hide the long evolutionary history of the garden style and create a historic cottage garden, as our ancestors cultivated it according to the specifications of Charlemagne. Picturesque decorative elements, such as wicker baskets, scarecrows and zinc tubs round off the nostalgic appearance creatively.

Video Board: How to Design a Perennial Garden : Color Schemes in a Perennial Garden.

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