The Content Of The Article:
In addition to the classic type of ground-level bedding plant, there are different ways to operate bedding culture. Raised beds and raised beds are widespread, especially in natural horticulture. A raised bed or a raised bed refers to garden beds that are not laid out at ground level, as is common practice, but rise above the usual bed level. Reasons for the plant of these Bedetvarianten are u.a.
- an earlier warming of the bed
- unsuitable, ie not deep, garden soil,
- optimal utilization of garden waste,
- handicapped accessible gardening.
Behind the idea of a raised or hillside is the philosophy of nature lovers to use all decomposable material (all valuable and healthy garden waste) in their own garden. It is not dug up and thus prevents the stratification in the soil (biotope) and the fauna formed therein (biocenosis) is whirled around, a process that is considered disadvantageous in natural horticulture.
Raised bed general
A raised bed is laid out box-shaped in north / south direction; reasonably rectangular. The enclosure can be made of natural or pressure impregnated wood (thick planks, square timber, roundwood), concrete or sheet metal panels. If wood is used, larch wood has proven to be very resistant. In the case of untreated wood, however, the service life is limited to a few years; with pressure-impregnated leaching of the chemicals into the ground is to be feared, so that concrete or sheet metal plates are the better alternative in the long term.
Advantage of the raised bed is a processing without the bothersome stooping. But also makes sense in a handicapped accessible garden, e.g. for wheelchair users and the elderly. Furthermore, it can be ensured by the artificial bedding of humus that the soil is deep, so is particularly well suited for deep-rooted plants (radishes, carrots, etc.). But, of course, all the other vegetables grow better in such a bed.
The planting of a raised bed is also sensible and absolutely necessary if the humus layer in the garden is very thin and underneath there is gravelly or even rocky ground. A raised bed can even be laid on tiled or paved ground. Concrete floor is not ideal because seepage water can not drain well.
Another advantage is especially in the hillside, but also in the raised bed, the possibility of tree pruning, reclaimed wood (natural), autumn leaves, shredded material and grass clippings to recycle. Therefore, the best time to plant the bed is the late autumn, because here a lot of material for the structure (hedge trimming, bulky flowering and fruit stands of perennials and fallen leaves) is available. This is a welcome method in terms of environmental protection and a direct way to directly restore the nutrients in the garden.
Raised bed - a construction manual
For the installation of a raised bed, when using wood, it is best to use squared timber (larch) in the planned bedding length and width. The wood can be carpentry anchored by recesses or nailed or screwed on impact. The rectangle made of wood, concrete or metal can also be held by 4 corner brackets. The angles either directly, taking into account the later Beethöhe, beaten into the ground or fixed in spindles, which were previously turned into the ground. There are also holders for wrapping.
When using wooden planks or boards depending on the length of the bed to be built on the long side of the bed, the attachment of columns may be useful to prevent bulging. The bed length can indeed be designed individually, but should not be too long, because you only run around the outside and can not rise as at the ground-level Beetlaufen across.
The narrow side of the bed should not exceed 120 cm, better 100 cm, otherwise a bed processing (outstretched arm should reach over the middle) such as plants, hoes and weeding is difficult. The content may be pure earth or, as described in the hillside, made of specially layered materials. It is important in both bedding variants to insert a close-meshed stainless wire mesh, so-called hasp mesh, as the first layer to prevent the penetration of small animals esp. Mice. In the raised bed, the life of wood can be extended by an inner lining with foil, also the drying of the bed is reduced.
Tips for planting
- Before sowing or planting it is recommended to press circumferential grooves in the soil
- Since both high and high hills are workable from both sides, e.g. in mixed culture, which is particularly recommended for both bedding types, tall growing plants are planted in the middle and low growing tend to be marginal, which makes working easier.
- If carrots, radishes and leafy vegetables are grown in the first year, the last layer must be at least 15 cm thick.
- The nutrient supply must be ensured by regular composting.