The Content Of The Article:
- Delicious and healthy
- Cultivation on cotton wool
- Location and care
- Harvest of seeds
- Keep cress seeds
Cress is healthy and rich in vitamins. The Kreuzblütengewächs is one of the most popular and best known culinary herbs. The plants are versatile and refine with their spicy sharpness sandwiches as well as salads, fish, meat, cheese and yogurt. Garden cress probably comes from Asia and is a delicious nutrient wonder. Among the ingredients of the crops include vitamin C, B1, B2, E and carotene. Especially in winter, the plant strengthens the human immune system and can effectively help to reduce the risk of colds to a minimum.
Delicious and healthyThe well-known kitchen herb is a fast-growing spice, the cultivation succeeds guaranteed even without a "green thumb". Especially young up-and-coming gardeners are happy when within a few days the green of the freshly sown seeds sprouts vigorously and one can reap the reward for his patience after a short time. Lepidium, the botanical name for the genus of the cress, is resistant. It is almost child's play to stimulate the tasty kitchen herbs to germinate. A variety of plants is sensitive to single-digit temperatures. The metabolism of these plants is shut down and growth stopped. Cress is not impressed by the cold. At temperatures just above 5° C, the development of the Kreuzblütengewächse begins.
The cabbage is an annual plant and can reach a final size of about 60 cm. Normally, cress rarely reaches this height. Because the intense, spicy taste decreases with the increasing age and size of the plant. Already from a height of about 3 to 4 cm Lepidium can be harvested and consumed. The greenhouse thrives in the garden from March to September. A specially prepared bed is not necessary for sowing, cress is easy to clean and can cope with almost all planting locations. The advantage of cress: The plants are undemanding and can be cultivated all year round on the windowsill or in the bright living room. In this way, fresh and vitamin-rich herbs are available to you at any time.
Cultivation on cotton woolGarden cress has a decisive advantage over other plants: In the first two to three weeks, the plant does not need an organic substrate. The necessary nutrients for the development of the Kreuzblütengewächs in the first days of life from the depot of semen. Water and light are the only two factors that Cress needs to grow. In this context, it is not necessary to decide which soil or substrate is necessary for Lepidium. Soft material is optimal to provide sufficient support for the fine roots of plants. In addition to kitchen crepe has commercially available cotton wool for the cultivation of cress proven.
The following components are needed for the cultivation of cress without substrate:
- cress seeds
- Flat bowl
What type of cotton wool you use does not matter. For example, you can use the cheap make-up removal material from the drugstore. Place the cotton wool in a jar of water so that it can sufficiently soak. After removal, a large part of the water is pushed out again. In this way, make sure that the cotton wool is completely moist. Place the soft material generously in the jar and sprinkle the seeds of watercress evenly over it. The seed is fine, but you should make sure that no "seed groupings" form. The well-known kitchen herb is a light germ. Do not cover the seeds with a second layer of cotton wool. This prevents the germination, the entire cultivation fails.
Location and careThe crops need a bright planting place to germinate reliably. Place the jar with cotton wool and seeds on a windowsill. A south facing location with sunlight is suitable. However, there is a risk here that the water evaporates too quickly. Regularly check the moisture content of the cotton wool and moisten it if necessary with a water atomizer. Avoid direct proximity to active radiators in winter. Especially the dry air increases the young seedlings enormously and can lead to a rapid withering. If no other location is suitable for the plants, place the culture container on a thick layer of polystyrene.
Tip: Temperatures between 15° - 25° C are optimal for the germination and growth of cress.
As a rule, about 3 to 4 days pass before the first green shoot tips appear. After that, you can almost watch the herbs grow. Depending on the desired height, the first harvest of the tasty cress can take place 8 to 12 days after sowing.
Harvest of seedsThe sprouts of cress are tasty and offer year-round the opportunity to take fresh vitamins.The seed of the known plant is commercially available. With a little patience you can do without the purchase and win his own cress seeds. The prerequisite is that the plants can flower and form seed capsules. Do not use cotton wool, but return to normal soil.
- Free the bed of old plant parts and roots.
- Use a permeable substrate.
- Select a light location.
- Prepare compost in the soil before sowing.
In both cultivation variants, the soil must not dry out, but the roots of the plants must not be exposed to standing wetness. If you let cress grow undisturbed, the kitchen herbs can reach a height of up to 60 cm. After a few weeks, the flowers develop, which can be used decoratively in the preparation of food. Leave the inflorescences untouched, so that after their blooming the small pods form. Once the fruits have become dark, the seeds are ripe.
- Cut pods with sharp scissors.
- Shake out the seeds.
- Allow to dry in a dark place.
Keep cress seeds
The seeds of Lepidium are germinable for up to 4 years. Place the dried seeds in an air-permeable container. For example, small bags of cotton and paper bags have proved their worth. The ambient temperature during storage should be low. Avoid moist places that could stimulate cress seeds to germinate. With these measures, you can safely store the seeds until their next use.
Tip: The plants must be reseeded after the harvest. Unlike other kitchen herbs, cress does not grow after the cut.
sortsThe term "cress" hides three different cress varieties, which differ in color, size and taste.
Garden cress (Lepidium sativum): A delicate plant that germinates quickly and is predestined for being grown in cotton wool.
Watercress (Nasturtium officinale): This variety is unsuitable for sowing on the windowsill. Watercress belongs to the aquatic plants and is taller than garden cress.
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum): This plant is often used for decoration in food because of its decorative flowers and leaves.
There is hardly an argument that speaks against the cultivation of cress on the local windowsill. The kitchen herb is delicious and healthy. How robust and undemanding the plant is, it shows itself on sowing on cotton wool. Already children have fun watching the tasty cress germinate and grow. Within a few days, the inconspicuous seeds turn into a tasty meal. The cultivation of cress is simple and succeeds almost everywhere.