The Content Of The Article:
- Appearance and growth
- Location and ground
- Crop rotation and mixed culture
- Harvest and recovery
- variety Tips
- Diseases and pests
Snake cucumbers or cucumbers are like the pickled or pickled cucumbers, which are usually cultivated in the field, a variety group of cucumbers (Cucumis sativus) and belong like all cucumbers to the family of cucurbits (Cucurbitaceae). Most of the cucumbers can be eaten raw or processed into tasty salads. Since they have a high heat requirement, they are best suited for cultivation in the greenhouse.
Appearance and growth
Snake cucumbers are one year old like other cucumbers. They are depending on the variety between 30 and 70 inches long, are dark green, spindle-shaped and more or less straight. Cucumbers are vine plants: they grow along the ground without support and form shoots up to four meters long. Therefore, they definitely need a scaffold where they can climb up. Almost all modern varieties of cucumbers are purely female and parthenokarp (Greek for "young fernfrüchtig"), that is, they form without pollination from each blossom a seedless cucumber. The advantage of these hybrid varieties are earlier and higher yields. In the trade often resilient and vigorous seedlings are offered. These cucumbers were mostly on the fig leaf pumpkin (Cucurbita ficifolia) ennobled, rarely on seedlings of musk squash (Cucurbita moschata). The flowers of cucumbers are bright yellow.
With their yellow flowers, snake cucumbers offer a pretty sight in the vegetable patch
Location and ground
Snakes or cucumbers need a lot of light and heat. For this reason, most varieties are cultivated in the greenhouse. Suitable substrate is humus rich and loose soil, which heats up quickly and yet can store enough water. Outdoor varieties can also be grown on mulch film with a fleece cover.
Crop rotation and mixed culture
Like other cucumber species, you should grow snake cucumbers, which are one of the heavyweights, on the same area only about every four years. For precultivation, for example, legumes or celery are suitable. As marginal plants we recommend salad, cabbage or beetroot. Caution: Tomatoes and cucumbers should not be grown together in the greenhouse - tomatoes like it sunnier and more airy than cucumbers with slightly lower humidity.
Since the young plants grow quickly, you should first preculture three weeks before planting in the vegetable patch or in the greenhouse. In the heated greenhouse you can pre-cultivate cucumbers as early as mid-March: Place three seeds in an eight-centimeter pot, half of which is filled with potting soil. Allow the seeds to germinate at around 22 to 24 degrees Celsius and keep them constantly moist.
If the seedlings have two to three leaves, they can be carefully planted out. Be careful not to damage the roots. The cucumbers are ready for use in the heated greenhouse as early as mid-April. If you have an unheated greenhouse, you should wait until the beginning of May to plant them. In the greenhouse, the planting distance between the rows is 130 to 170 centimeters, in the row 40 centimeters. Important: For ginned cucumbers, place the finishing point one finger across the ground. As a protection and heat storage serve fleece covers.
Cucumbers should be raised using wires or strings. So you prevent a disease with fungal diseases and the plants have more space
Snake cucumbers have a high water requirement, namely one to three liters of water per plant per day. In the greenhouse it is important to guide the cucumbers on wires or strings in the air, in the field offers a trellis. Twice New Drives Twice a Week Around the Trellis or Twine, so the shoots are raised. The best fertilizer in the greenhouse is a thin mulch layer of grass clippings.
For optimum fruit set, you should shorten side shoots below 60 to 80 centimeters in growth height on two to six leaves and leave only one of the fruits in the leaf axils. The center drive is slid on a rod or a thick cord and cut as soon as he reaches the end of the string.
Harvest and recovery
For cucumbers, the harvest usually begins seven to ten weeks after sowing, depending on the variety. It takes up to three crops a week. You can store the fruits at about ten degrees Celsius for about one to two weeks. Snake cucumbers taste great with salad, as a healthy snack in between or in summery soft drinks.
Harvest the cucumbers in several harvests a week
In the cultivation of snake cucumbers in the greenhouse, purely female flowering varieties such as 'Sudica' or 'Dominica' have proven.'Dominica' as well as the variety 'Eiffel' up to 35 inches long. New is 'Midios' with medium-sized, juicy and aromatic fruits. 'Delfs No. 1' is a cucumber for cultivation in the field, which has proven to be very robust; 'Dorninger' is an old variety with tender meat and is suitable for outdoor as well as for cultivation in the greenhouse. 'Long de Chine' is also about 35 inches long and is characterized by firm flesh and fine taste. In mild regions, this variety is also suitable for outdoor use. 'Streits No. 5' and 'Selma Cuca' are tough and rich cucumbers.
Diseases and pests
In addition to the downy mildew, it can come especially in greenhouses to an infestation with powdery mildew. Make sure you have enough planting distances and choose robust varieties. In addition, cucumbers like to appear on cucumbers, but they can be easily and naturally fought with beneficial insects (predatory mites).