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Orchids are one of the most popular indoor plants and are gladly given away. The exotic plants are easy to cultivate with the right knowledge and even easy to grow. Anyone who practices patience and knows the right tricks can soon give away their own offspring of the orchids through their offshoot and Kindel - or else create an impressive collection and floral splendor. With the following instructions, this is even without experience in plant care and even without a green thumb.
Offspring, Kindel, Keiki
Whether they are referred to as offshoot, Kindel or Keiki, the speech is in any case of young orchids of the orchid, which form directly on the mother plant. You can find the small orchids on the actual inflorescence of the plant. If instead of a flower sudden tiny leaves grow, it is a so-called Kindel or Keiki. However, it would be devastating to grab directly to the knife and spend the offshoot separately in substrate. Instead, you should wait with the separation until at least two leaves - better but more present - are. In addition, the child must be rooted. Only then is it easily viable on its own and ready for your own planter.
Due to the light conditions, more stable and higher temperatures as well as the beginning of the growing phase, the spring is the ideal time for the orchid Kindel. At the earliest in April, the offshoots should be separated from the mother plant. And only if they have the already mentioned number of leaves and roots. It may take a year for this to happen. Patience is needed here. Once it is done, it is important to note one or the other when removing the Keiki.
Tip: The growth of the offshoots can be accelerated by spraying frequently with soft water.
If the offshoots are ready for separation in spring or early summer, the supporting stem will turn yellow or even dry up, the following guide will help with the right one
- 1. Before use, choose a sharp knife that is thoroughly disinfected.
- 2. The offshoot is cut close to the mother plant without injuring the young roots or leaves.
- 3. To avoid infection and rot, all cut surfaces should be dusted with charcoal powder. Alternatively, sulfur powder can be used or a short drying phase can be maintained until the wet spots are closed and completely dry.
- 4. To orchid the orchids, choose either orchid substrate or special seedling substrate for orchids. This is briefly soaked or pervasively sprayed before use.
- 5. The offshoot is inserted so that it sits as stable as possible in the substrate. The leaves should, however, be above the moist soil.
In order for the little ones to become full and strong orchids, they initially need a high level of humidity. So it's not enough just to keep the substrate moist or spray it every few days. Instead, the offshoot and the substrate should be covered. This can be done either with a transparent film, such as a plastic bag or in a room greenhouse. Both the greenhouse and the foil cover should be aired briefly daily to prevent rot. In addition, the bag can be provided with several small holes to improve the air conditions. If the child shows new leaves or can not be removed from the substrate, the cover can be removed. Then the time has come to start fertilizing. This is initially only in highly diluted dosage.
Favor child education
Some species of orchids, such as Phalaenopsis, Calanthe and Dendrobium are prone to the development of children. But that does not apply to all breeding forms of these species, other hybrids and orchids. Nevertheless, at least the Phalaenopsis can be helped on the jumps. Used for this is so-called Keikipaste, which promotes the offspring formation by a stimulating hormone. The paste from the specialist trade is applied specifically to sleeping eyes of the flower stalks and can lead here to an accelerated education of children. However, such success is not guaranteed. Anyone who decides to try anyway, should apply the Keikipaste directly after flowering to the corresponding shoots of the orchid. Just then it is easy to see where the flowers were sitting and later on children could form.
Stimulate root growth
Some orchid offshoots allow a lot of time with rooting. Of course this is unfavorable for a fast growing. Again, however, a targeted intervention is possible. This guide shows how it can work:
- 1. In order to favor the overall growth, the offshoots should be regularly sprayed on the mother plant.The increased moisture has a strengthening effect and can accelerate rooting.
- 2. To further stimulate rooting, a piece of moss is bound to the underside of the child and kept moist. The direct supply of water often activates the root systems and quickly shows success.
- 3. If the measures described above are not sufficient, a small planter can be filled with substrate, moistened and fixed under the shelf. If the Keiki are in contact with the substrate, the roots can grow in directly and be separated from the mother plant both faster and safer.
- 4. As a last possible measure, it may be useful to put a transparent plastic bag over the young shoot and carefully fasten with a rubber band. This creates an ideal climate for growth and roots.
Offshoot without roots
If the mother plant has become stressed or nursing mistakes have occurred unnoticed, the shoot may die off. Even if there are children sitting on this orchid who are not yet rooted. In such cases, it is recommended to activate rooting as soon as possible. It usually takes quite a while for the stalk to dry from the top to just above the substrate. So there is still a chance to save the offshoot in the ways described above. If the shoot has already died to the offspring, the Kindel must be removed immediately. Best if the stalk below the child is still green. It is cut so that the flower stem is cut just above the substrate. Dried remains are removed. The Keiki sits in this alternative measure so still on the stem of the orchid. Alternatively, wrapped with moss or placed on substrate, keep the orchid section moist until roots show up. It is also advisable to use not only water but also highly diluted fertilizer for spraying. The additional nutrient intake can increase the chances of success. Nevertheless, successful breeding is not guaranteed.
When cultivating the orchid made of small animals, it is not just the right procedure and the right time that matter, but also the substrate. Only appropriate special substrates for orchids or sphagnum moss should be used for attachment to the offshoot. The orchid substrates for adult growths are often too coarse, however, to allow the kids to grow quickly and easily. It is therefore recommended to crush the bark pieces in the substrate. As a rule, it is sufficient to break them with your fingers and crumble them until a very fine structure is created. Alternatively, orchid substrate may be used for young plants or very small orchids, which is commercially available. This is finer from the outset and thus provides a better starting point for the young roots. A change to the coarser, normal orchid substrate can take place when the plants have grown at least ten to four inches or more and are well grown. This is usually the case even if it has to be repotted for the first time anyway. However, the orchids can be cultivated as early as the first new sprouting, as the mother plants.
Growing orchids through kindling or offspring is basically not difficult, but it takes some time, patience and proper practice. If you stick to it, you can easily grow young plants and multiply especially beautiful specimens to create even greater flower splendor.