Cyclamen - care for garden and house plants


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The ever-popular cyclamen are small, pretty flowering plants that multiply over tubers. Cyclamen is available in many different colors. The flowers are formed individually on stems and are usually mauve, purple or white. Also popular are all possible variants of pink. The violets can be purchased both for your own garden and in the pot as indoor plants. When choosing a location and the casting habits you should pay attention to some basic requirements.
Cyclamen as houseplants bloom from August to April, when they have withered, you should put the plants quite outside. Shady places are suitable for this purpose. After forming the flower buds in autumn, the cyclamen can then "winter" in the apartment again. As a rule, the leaves turn yellow after flowering. For several years of cultivation then should be dispensed with watering, so as to contain the leaf growth. After removing the yellowed leaves, you can repot the plant with fresh soil and spend it in a bright, cool place.
Claims to the location

  • Light conditions: light to partially shaded, no direct sun (in winter, sunlight is desired)
  • Water requirement: do not water directly, since tubers and flowers otherwise lazy watering over the coaster or pot soak in the sink
  • Temperatures: optimum room temperature between 12 and 16 degrees, in winter 10 - 15 degrees
  • Soil claims: Rearing possible in commercially available potting soil
  • Fertilizer: not shortly after flowering, otherwise weakly concentrated every 2 weeks
Multiply cyclamen
Tuber plants are difficult to propagate. Either you will find little nodules on the stem at Violets. Or small tubers form at the root end. Depending on the sort of plants one can use the tubers thus formed for the propagation. Alternatively, you can divide the actual main tuber of the plant into sections, each section should have a shoot bud. The cut surface can be protected from rot with sulfur powder. The individual tubers can then be planted separately.
Pull cyclamen out of seeds
Cyclamen look very pretty between ferns, lavender, or sage. Propagation is best done with seeds that are sown in early autumn. The temperatures should be just over 20 degrees Celsius. There are many winter hardy varieties, the best time to ask in the nurseries. Rarities can also be found on the Internet. Often seeds or tubers are offered on the auction platforms or in many online shops.
repotting
In principle, cyclamen do not necessarily have to be repotted. For a renewal of the potting soil you should choose the period 6-8 weeks after the end of the actual flowering period. When new shoots appear on the tubers, the plant can be repotted into new substrate. The top third should definitely look out of the substrate.
General care instructions
It is absolutely necessary to take care to remove withered flowers and yellowed leaves. In the case of the flowers, this can usually be achieved by pulling out. The stems give way with a slight jolt. When yellowed leaves are similar. This is especially so because otherwise the breeding ground for decay is laid, which can quickly spread to the actual tuber.
The cyclamen in the garden
These are usually wild varieties that are hardy due to their origin and usually bloom from September to the onset of the first frost. The wild varieties have similar claims as the already cultivated indoor plants. In particularly severe winters, these species should be covered as a precaution, for this purpose, for example spruce branches are suitable.
With regard to the soil conditions, the wild species have special requirements. In their original environment, they usually grow under trees. They do not like direct sunlight, so the north side of a building would be optimal. One should pay particular attention to the ph value of the soil. Gardens with a high proportion of coniferous trees show too acidic soil, which results from the fertilization with needles. If necessary, the gardener has to provide with a lime charge for an improvement of the soil, because the cyclamen likes more alkaline soil.
With regard to irrigation, care must be taken to ensure that the cyclamen does not dry out completely and that too much moisture is not added. Avoid waterlogging, as the outdoor violets are prone to rot. Optimally, the moisture can be regulated via a base with bark mulch.
Cyclamen growing in the field usually propagate through the fruit stalks. These spiral together. The ripening fruit capsules are sunk in this way in the soil and continue to ripen there.
The variety of varieties offered makes it possible to achieve a variety of flower colors and flowering times.For example, there are varieties that show the first flowers in summer and again others that bloom from autumn to the first frost. Here, the hobby gardener should seek advice from the specialist to know the requirements of the plants and the expected results. Especially as a houseplant cyclamen are relatively easy to care for and are also suitable for locations without direct sunlight. Due to the recommended temperatures, for example, a bedroom on the north side in question. Regular watering can be avoided by placing the pot once a week in a water bath to allow the bale to soak.
Care of cyclamen
  • Cyclamen may only be poured over their coasters. Always make sure that the flowers and the leaves do not get any water, otherwise there is a risk of putrefaction.
  • Fertilizers are needed every 14 days in the growing and flowering phase.
  • In the spring the leaves start to turn yellow. This is a clear sign of their rest period. At this time you also stop fertilizing and watering is also reduced to the minimum.
  • Remove everything that has been dead and yellowed completely, so that infection can not be a breeding ground.
  • Cyclamen like to enjoy the fresh air during the summer, but make sure that they are protected from the sun and rain. The sensitive tubers must not wither.
  • Towards the end of August is the best time to repot the cyclamen. Make sure that the upper third of the nodules are not completely covered with soil. As soon as there is a fresh sprout, you can water more often and start fertilizing again.

Video Board: Cyclamen Care.

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