The Content Of The Article:
For many years, the cultural cyclamen were one of the most popular potted plants in the winter months and thus also an often present souvenir. Most of them are mostly known by their grandmother, but these plants have become modern again through the breeding of new and fresh flower colors.
Incredible that this widespread, native to the Mediterranean, where the name is Persian, plant was once called "pork bread" in the Middle Ages. This nasty name is due to actual pigs. These had eaten their fill of tubers in the wild. Today, the wild cyclamen are protected and have become rare.
The flowers of cyclamen
The Zimmer-Cyclamen offers a multi-layered splendor of color with flowers on an elegantly curved flower neck. Starting with classic white blossoms, over pink, pink, violet up to a really strong red, all shades are present. In the meantime, there are also breeding varieties that have a bicoloured flower. The petals are either completely smooth, slightly wavy or even frayed. The size can also vary, from a miniature to a growth height of 30 cm. Many varieties also exude their typical and subtle fragrance.
Suitable location for cyclamen
The cyclamen likes it bright and cool (below 20° C). Direct sunlight is to be avoided. Ideal would be a medium humidity range. Locations that are particularly well suited:
- the kitchen area
- cold or cool conservatory
- Staircases with a large skylight
- classic flower windows (without heating underneath)
- cool bedrooms
- brightly lit floors without underfloor heating
The thumb sample can be used to determine if the soil feels dry and warm or slightly moist and cool. If it's cool then wait a bit longer with the watering. The cyclamen should not completely dry out - if this happens, the tuber usually dies. That's why regular control is important. Particular care should be taken never to pour directly on the tuber directly, otherwise there is a risk of rot. Cyclamen are best watered either with a "dip" of the bale or over the planter. Stale water at room temperature is particularly good. Check again 15 minutes after watering, pour away everything that is still in the planter. Waterlogging is also to be avoided due to the risk of rot.
The plant needs amazingly little water. Only if certain conditions are met could more needs arise:
- a lush foliage and flowers
- drier and warmer air
- Continuous draft, or wind on the sheltered terrace
- increased sunshine
During the flowering or growing period, the plant must be regularly supplied with a flowering plant fertilizer every two weeks. After the flowering period, around April / May, the fertilizer is completely stopped and only resumed in autumn.
Tips for care
When buying, make sure that they are vigorous plants with a large number of buds. The leaves should be firm and have no discoloration. At home, cyclamen stay nice longer if they are "cleaned" regularly. All withered flowers and leaves are removed. The easiest way to handle it is to hold the bale with one hand and the other with a vigorous jerk to remove the dehumidified or withered parts of the plant. Also formed seeds that present globular at the end of the flowering period, should be removed. The gaps that have arisen compensate the plant very quickly.
- In case of lack of humidity the plant should not be sprayed! This does more harm than good.
- A repot is usually not possible. If so, then the time is right after flowering.
A second danger is the cyclamen wilt. Triggered by a fungus in the soil, the leaves wither and after some time the plant dies. There is no effective antidote. One way to prevent this disease is basically to use only new clay pots and fresh soil for the Cyclamen.
Perennial attitudeIf the joy of this plant, especially on a lush flowerage over several years, then this requires a little more effort.The plant is planted in the spring, when no temperatures below 0° C are expected more, best with their clay pot into the open. The location should be shady and cool. Around June, the cyclamen begins to turn yellow, casting is then severely restricted and then finally stopped altogether. The foliage is then completely removed. In the early autumn, when the plant begins to exorcise again, the clay pot is dug up again, supplied with new soil and placed in the home in a cool place. Moderate and controlled watering is announced until strong leaves develop again.
Propagation of cyclamen
The cyclamen are propagated through the division of the tuber or over sowing. Depending on the variety, there are two different methods through the daughter tubers, once tuber formation on the style or tuber formation at the end of a root. Another option is to cut up the whole tuber. It is important to ensure that one shoot bud is present. The big danger is again the rot! With the use of sulfur powder could be worked against it.
Worth knowing about Cyclamen soon
The Cyclamen are a very sophisticated houseplant but with appropriate care every year to give its owners a colorful floral splendor. The plants have round tubers. About 15 species grow in the mountains of southern Europe, the Mediterranean, the Caucasus and Asia Minor. They are bulbous shrubs. Their leaves are heart-, one- or kidney-shaped, entire or bay with serrated-sawn edge. The pedicel carries a nodding flower with petals turned upwards. The vielsamige fruit capsule has a straight or spirally turned stem.
Tip: The cyclamen are particularly good if they are combined with different-colored conspecifics. The very large varieties are also suitable as cut flowers, the term cut flower is not quite suitable because the individual flower should not be cut off but plucked.
- Cyclamen are grateful and long-flowering houseplants.
- Especially suitable for double windows or not or little heated rooms.
- A location on the windowsill over radiators is unsuitable.
- Cyclamen love a bright, cool and breezy location.
- Temperatures should be between 10 and 15° C and should not rise above 18° C for a long time if possible.
- It is cast in such a way that the earth is always evenly moist.
- Damming wetness, as well as strong dehydration, can not stand.
- In winter, when cool, do not pour into the tuber, otherwise the buds and leafy stalks will rot.
- Standing water in the pedestal leads to root rot.
- As a substrate Lauberde is suitable with peat, compost or some loam or garden soil and sand, even unit earth;
- PH is around 6. It is transplanted annually in August. The used earth is shaken out.
- When planting it is important to ensure that the tuber protrudes about 1/3 out of the earth, only in seedlings it is covered with soil.