Cyprus grass: the 10 most beautiful varieties presented

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Cyprus grass is represented in about 600 species worldwide. We would like to introduce you to the 10 most beautiful varieties for home and garden.

Cyprus grass

In the tropics and subtropical areas, most of the Cyprus grasses thrive. In Europe, only 27 species are native. The SauergrasgewΓ€chse mainly colonize swamps. The range of Cyprus grass ranges from the small cat grass on the windowsill to meter-high specimens in the tub or garden pond. Some selected varieties are presented here in more detail.

1. Cyperus alternifolius

This is the most well-known type of plant family. Most of the Cyprus grass is cultivated as a houseplant and commonly referred to as a water palm. The original home of the plant is Madagascar. The not hardy Cyprus grass grows mainly in swamps or at the edge of waters.

The plants can reach heights of growth of up to one meter. The narrow leaves give her a filigree and delicate appearance. In addition, brown flowers appear on the plant. It forms rhizomes, which branch with increasing age of the Cyprus grass. In older plants, new shoots are formed at the extensions of the bracts. This allows the plant to multiply easily.

Cyperus alternifolius is fast growing and easy to care for. The Cyprus grass only needs a lot of water and wants to be at room temperature all year round. The coaster should therefore always be filled with water. However, the plant does not want to be completely submerged. Likewise, the most popular among the Cyprus grasses requires a high humidity. Therefore, it is best to spray the plant daily with water. If temperatures fall below ten degrees, you will need to bring cultured specimens indoors in the field.


  • best known type
  • grew joyfully
  • popular houseplant
  • easy care
  • not hardy

2. Cyprus grass Haspan

This marsh plant can form up to a meter long stems. There then appear up to 20 centimeters long leaves in clumps. At the leaf tips, the flowers are found. Older specimens also produce fruits. If the tufts of leaves are tilted downwards and come into contact with water, rooting occurs between the leaves and new plants are created.

At first glance, Haspan Cyprus grass is similar to papyrus. A special feature are the triangular stems, which develop in the real papyrus, however, only in an advanced stage of growth. Initially, this variety only forms short tufts. The characteristic spherical shape takes on older plants. Due to the cuttings that often form on the leaf tips, the plant can easily be propagated.


  • up to a meter long stems
  • spherical leaf tufts
  • Stem in triangular cross-section
  • makes offshoots on the stems

3. Cyperus glabor

This type of Cyprus grass characterizes the almost round stems, which can reach a thickness of about five millimeters. The flat leaves appear like a screen. During flowering, small umbels appear in the middle of the leaves. This variety is similar to Cyperus alternifolius, the widespread Cyprus grass. A distinction is the stems, which are longer and more than twice the thickness. The pomegranates in the middle of the leaves during flowering are also a good differentiator. The plant is similar to the real papyrus, but is much smaller and has round rather than triangular stems.


  • Growth height about one meter
  • Stem in cross-section round
  • Stems form Schirmchen
  • during flowering small umbels in the middle of the leaves

4. Brown Zygr grass

This variety is rather small and rarely gets higher than 30 to 40 centimeters. The annual plant makes small clumps. The smooth stems are particularly sharp. Almost the length of the stems is also reached by the up to five millimeters wide leaves. The brown Zypergras forms yellow-brown fruits. These are triangular and have a spiked tip.

The brown Zypergras has a wide range, ranging from Europe to the Mediterranean and China. The plant grows on the banks of rivers or on the bottom of ponds. Germination takes place when the water level drops in summer. After the flood in autumn, the plant then survives the winter as a seed. The brown Zypergras occurs in Germany particularly near the larger rivers.


  • not higher than 40 centimeters
  • annual
  • yellow-brown fruits
  • occurring in Germany on river banks

5. Fresh green Cyprus grass

This Cyprus grass is native to South America. There the fresh green Cyprus grass grows persistently.If less optimal climatic conditions are found, it can also be annuals. The stature height is about 50 centimeters. Streamers are not formed. The bare stems have a round to triangular cross-section. The inflorescence may consist of up to ten ears. The bracts reach a the inflorescence outstanding length. The flattened ears can contain up to 30 flowers.

The original range of the fresh green Cyprus grass lies in the tropical regions of South America. An occurrence can also be observed today in North America, Europe, Australia and Asia. It is believed that the fresh green Cyprus grass was introduced as an ornamental plant in the corresponding regions and was able to multiply there.

An occurrence in Europe was detected in the mid-19th century. Mainly the plant occurs near the Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. In 1854, the fresh green Cyprus grass was detected in Hamburg. The plant is quite undemanding and prefers to thrive on the edges of ponds or rivers, but can also take advantage of roadsides.


  • about 50 inches high
  • does not form foothills
  • round to triangular stems
  • undemanding and robust
  • extensive distribution area

6. High Cyprus grass

The High Cyprus grass is a perennial plant that can reach proud heights of just under two meters. In general, the plants are about 1.20 meters high. The stems have a triangular shape. Thick and long runners are formed. The leaves remain behind in length behind the stems. The lower bract can reach up to 50 centimeters in length. The inflorescences can have up to ten rays. A single Spirrenast can be about 35 inches long. The red-brown fruits are triangular and have a spiked tip.

The natural range of the plant is the Mediterranean. As a popular pond plant impressed the High Cyprus grass with the reminding of papyrus foliage and the attractive inflorescences. The High Cyprus grass is valued above all as a water purification plant and works well in combination with Kalmus or Wasserminze.


  • perennial plant
  • popular pond plant
  • hardy
  • easy to clean and robust

7. Dwarf Cyprus grass

As one of the smallest known representatives among the Cyprus grasses, this annual herbaceous plant grows only about ten inches high. The plant grows as upholstery, from which the triangular stems rise. Between July and September, the flowers show. Although the ears are only about four millimeters long, up to 20 flowers can still be admired.

Dwarf Cyprus grass loves warm, muddy soils with as little lime as possible. Also a green plant in the apartment, the dwarf cypress grass is popular. Many cat owners use the non-toxic plant as food for their animals. The swallowed blades of grass help the animals to choke out hairballs. However, if your cat nibbles too hard on the stems, gastritis may threaten. Then you should remove the plant.


  • especially small
  • popular as a houseplant
  • easy care
  • Use as cat grass

8. Real Papyrus

The Real Papyrus is also one of the Cyprus grasses and can enjoy quite a special position as the largest and most impressive species. The perennial plants can reach ceiling height with good care in the room. The Papyrus has its triangular stems in common with Haspan Cyprus grass. Already young plants form on the stems feathered balls. A confusion to the Cyprus grass Haspan can be excluded, because papyrus has three times thicker stems and can reach stature heights of three meters and more.

Papyrus already became famous in antiquity. In ancient Egypt, the plant was used not only as a raw material for papyrus production, but also as a building material of boats. Originally, the real papyrus was distributed only in Africa, Southwest Asia and southern Europe. Preferably, the plant thrives on the banks of rivers. Within Europe, Sicily is probably the only natural habitat.


  • grows up to three meters high
  • Stem in triangular cross-section
  • on the stems feathered tufts
  • popular room decoration

9. Cypris Longus

Cypris Longus is one of the few species of Cyprus grasses that the frost can not harm. Even in our latitudes, the plants often overwinter in garden ponds. However, potted plants are less robust and need winter protection.

The plants are about a meter high and have V-shaped leaves. The leaves reach about half the length of the stems. Another special feature is the triangular stalk shape in cross section. In late summer, the red-brown inflorescences appear. The plants prefer a loamy soil and are quite undemanding there. The fresh green foliage is an eye-catcher in every pond landscape. In addition to the shallow water zone, the attitude in the bucket is also popular.


  • hardy
  • robust
  • popular pond plant
  • Attitude also in the bucket possible

10. Helper's Cyprus grass

The characteristic of this marsh plant is its grassy growth. The narrow, light green leaves can reach a height of up to 60 centimeters.The umbels appear on the triangular stem end. Helfers Cyprus grass needs temperatures of 25 degrees and should receive a lot of light. The light green leaves appear from a rosette and spread like tufts. As a specimen plant this Cyprus grass is particularly attractive. From a rosette can grow up to 50 leaves.

Helfers Cyprus grass comes from Asia and is preferred since the 1990s as an aquarium plant. Thus, Helfers Cyprus grass is the only representative of the plant family, which is suitable as aquarium plant. After a short settling-in period, the plant will thrive well, because the slender leaves are well adapted to life in the water.


  • Growth height up to 50 centimeters
  • popular aquarium plant
  • umbrella-shaped inflorescences
  • slight increase by division of the root ball

The 10 Cyprus grass varieties and their advantages and disadvantages

Cyperus alternifolius❍ easy to cultivate
❍ popular houseplant
❍ can be kept in the bucket
❍ not hardy
❍ high water requirement
❍ high humidity required
Haspans Cyprus grass❍ triangular stems
❍ is reminiscent of real papyrus
❍ Propagation by cuttings
❍ not hardy
❍ needs a lot of water
Cyperus glabor❍ sturdy and robust
❍ Shield-shaped leaves
❍ Similarity to real papyrus
❍ not hardy
❍ high humidity required
Brown Cyprus grass❍ Occurrence in Germany
❍ Seed survives the winter
❍ small
❍ does not form foothills
Fresh green Cyprus grass❍ rich green color
❍ popular ornamental plant
❍ easy to care for and undemanding
❍ does not form foothills
High Cyprus grass❍ up to two meters in height
❍ attractive pond plant
❍ hardy
❍ perennial
❍ high water requirement
Dwarf Cyprus grass❍ Occurrence in Europe
❍ Use as cat grass
❍ one year old
❍ requires low-lime soil
Real papyrus❍ imposing and attractive
❍ popular houseplant
❍ triangular stems
❍ several meters high
❍ not hardy
❍ often difficult to handle
Cyperus longus❍ hardy
❍ undemanding
❍ Winter protection for container plants
❍ needs a lot of water and light
Helfers Cyprus grass❍ popular aquarium plant
❍ pretty specimen plant
❍ makes offshoot
❍ growth-friendly
❍ low growth height

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