The Content Of The Article:
- History of the dahlia
- The right companion plants
- Blooming windbreak
- Care in the summer
- Concept for the dahlia bed
- Rich in color of the varieties
- The dahlia classes
Dahlias are not only the most popular garden plants because of their enormous variety of varieties - they also bloom for an exceptionally long time, from midsummer to late autumn. Since amateur gardeners accept it gladly, that one must get the frost-sensitive beauties from Mexico after the first frost from the earth and overwinter their tubers in the cool cellar frost-free.
History of the dahlia
The dahlia was discovered by Spanish conquistadores in Mexico about 500 years ago. Only three centuries later did the first plants bloom in the gardens of Spaniards who had brought the dahlias to Europe. It was not long before the first plant breeders became interested in the dahlia, and nowadays there is an almost unmanageable variety of varieties.
The right companion plants
Pretty partners: purple-colored pompondahlia and red male litter (Lobelia)
If planning a dahlia bed, you should choose companion plants that, like the dahlias, feel comfortable in full sun on nutrient-rich, fresh soil. The more difficult task, however, is to focus on a color theme, because the color variety entices to plant a motley collection, but almost always fails its effect. There are basically two types of color choices: complementary colors such as yellow and violet bring a lot of tension to the bed, but can also be restless. For example, orange dahlias with late blooming blue verbena (Verbena) and larkspur (Delphinium) form a strong contrast. White shades are usually used to get calm in the bed. Related shades in the bed such as pink and purple create a more harmonious image, as shown here in the photo, the purple pompon dahlias with delicate pink lobelia.
Sunflowers (Helianthus) as a dahlia companion
Sunflowers (Helianthus) are good companions for dahlias not only because of their strong luminosity, but also because of their size, because they protect the delicate flower stalks from wind damage. You do not necessarily have to plant the annual sunflower: The perennial sunflower is not quite as high, but is also well suited as a windbreak.
Care in the summer
By the way: You have to invest a bit of work in your dahlia bed even during the flowering season. To prevent fallen petals from sticking to the green leaves, cut off the entire flower after the first wilting. Occasionally the shoots must be supported with plant rods, because they often bend through the heavy flower balls. An attractive alternative is an approximately 50-centimeter high boxwood hedge as a bedding enclosure: it covers the usually somewhat unsightly stems and also serves as a support.
Concept for the dahlia bed
Red dahlias form a harmonious, late-summer combination with barnyard (Panicum)
In the dahlia bed is less often more: Instead of let different flowering plants compete in the color contest against the dahlias, you can also simply concentrate on two or three dahlia varieties and combine them with beautiful ornamental grasses. Species are ideal, which have approximately the same stature height, like the millet (Panicum). She also brings with her flowers and leaves a beautiful golden yellow or reddish brown hue in the bed, which harmonizes very well with fire-red dahlia flowers. In turn, higher ornamental grasses, such as different varieties of miscanthus (Miscanthus), are suitable as bedding background. Interesting combination partners for dahlias include ornamental vegetables, such as the light green ornamental cabbage (Brassica) below, which stands out well from the red foliage of dahlias.
Rich in color of the varieties
Cabbage (Brassica) next to red-leaved dahlias
But not only the companion plants make a dahlia plant an eye-catcher. Much more, it is the range of different flower shapes, which shows how enriching the genus of plants for the garden. Dahlias are available except black and deep blue in all colors. In order to be able to better classify the wealth of variation which has arisen in the last 200 breeding years, there are various dahlia classes or groups in which most dahlia breeds can be classified.
The dahlia classes
The flowering dahlias have unfilled or slightly filled flowers and are most similar to their wild relatives from Mexico. The water lily dahlias are just like these beautiful water plants. The cactus and semi-cactus dahlias captivate in the truest sense of the word with their pointed, elongated petals.Pompon dahlias, with their densely rolled-up leaves, form homogeneous, compact spheres. The cervical dahlias, in turn, are similar in structure to single-flowered dahlias, but carry a small additional petal wreath, which stands out in color from the lower petals.
In the following Gallery Let us introduce you to all dahlia classes using different variety examples:
Start photo gallery
Class 1: Single flowering dahlias, here the variety 'Carnelian'
2nd class: Anemone-flowered dahlias, here the variety 'Phantom'
3rd class: Collar Dahlias, here the variety 'Stelik'
4th class: Water lily dahlia, here the variety 'Sam Hopkins'
5th class: Decorative dahlias, here the variety 'Maya'
6th grade: ball dahlia, here the variety 'Jamanda'
7th grade: Pompon dahlia, here the variety 'Buttercap'
8. Class: Cactus Dahlias, here the variety 'Jessica'
9th Class: Semi-Cactus Dahlias, here the variety 'Golden Volcano'
10th grade: Dahlias, here the variety 'Akita'
11th Class: Deer antler dahlias, here the variety 'Anna Marie'
12th grade: Star dahlias, here the variety 'Honka'
13th grade: Filled orchid-flowered dahlias, here the variety 'Pink Giraffe'
14th grade: Päonienblütige dahlias, here the variety 'Bishop of Llandaff'
15th class: Stellar dahlias, here the variety 'Bangkok'