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Bellis, often called Tausendschön, are the noble and large-blooded relatives of the everywhere popular daisies. They belong to the genus of daisy family. The plants are native throughout Europe as well as in New Zealand, North America and Madeira. This genus of biennial bedding and garden plants comprises about 15 different varieties. They are suitable as a potted plant as well as a cut flower. Bellis are about 10 to 20 cm tall and bloom from spring to summer. The flowers close overnight and return to the daylight.
- Location: sunny to partially shaded
- Substrate: Garden soil
- Pouring: keep constantly moist
- Fertilizing: only necessary on poor soil
- Cultivation: sowing in place
- Planting: in April or September
- Care: always remove withered flowers
- Hibernation: cover with brushwood
- Diseases and pests: largely disease-free
Bellis are extremely undemanding and frugal plants. They thrive best in a sunny spot. But a snack in partial shade tolerate her well. The soil should be nutritious and clayey. Moisture is well tolerated by the plants.
Bellis do not need a special substrate. Since they are very frugal, normal garden soil is sufficient to obtain beautiful and vigorous plants.
Bellis like consistent moisture. Therefore, they should be supplied with water regularly, especially in longer dry periods, because the small plants can dry out very quickly. It is important to make sure that Bellis are not exposed to waterlogging, as they can not stand it at all.
Since Bellis are very undemanding plants, they do not necessarily have to be fertilized. However, if they are on a very barren soil, they should be fertilized every two weeks with a complete fertilizer.
Bellis are best sown directly in the cold frame or garden bed. This can be done from mid-June to July. The seeds are preferably only pressed. They can also be covered with very little soil. It is important that the seeds are protected from too much sunlight by covering them. In addition, they must be kept evenly moist. After about 5 to 6 weeks, the young plants can be pimped and transplanted. It is also possible to cultivate the young plants in pots for the next gardening season.
The planting season for Bellis is in April or late September. The distance between the plants should be 10 to 20 cm, so that they can develop well. Commercially available flowering Bellis can be planted at any time.
As with many other plants, withered flowers should always be removed at Bellis, so that new flowers can regrow.
In order to survive the winter well, Bellis are covered in autumn with brushwood, which protects the plants from frost.
Diseases and pests
Bellis are hardly affected by diseases. Rarely, powdery mildew, spider mites or aphids appear on plants. If the leaves of the Bellis are covered with a gray veil, it is powdery mildew. Affected plants should be sprayed with sulfur as soon as possible. To prevent spreading to other plants, infested plants can be safely removed and destroyed. Spider mites can be recognized by the fact that the shoot tips or the leaf axes have webs. Spider mites ensure that the leaves of the Bellis become brittle and curl around the edges. Against spider mites, the plants can be sprayed with rapeseed oil. On an infestation of the plants by aphids show rolled or deformed leaves, as aphids suck on the leaves. Here it can be helpful to spray the affected plants with the garden hose. If this is not enough, treatment with insecticides should be used.
From the wild daisy large-flowered garden species were bred with bright flower heads. They are ideal for bordering flowerbeds or, mixed with other plants, for mounting window boxes. Daisies or Marmelblümchen, as the filled varieties are also called, drive from spring to autumn white, pink or red colored flower heads sitting on 10 - 20cm high stems. The loose rosettes of evergreen leaves form a dense carpet just above the ground.
Culture: Seed the seeds at the beginning of summer in shallow grooves in a cultivation bed in the field. Thin out the seedlings and place the young plants in their final place in the garden in the fall, the planting distance should be 15 - 25cm. Daisies thrive in every garden soil and in sunny to partially shaded spots.During flowering the following summer, the withered flower heads are immediately removed to prevent self-sowing of the daisies.