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Daisies are a diverse group of plants, which is very popular as balcony and garden plants, as well as cut flowers. They have their name from the Magerwiesen-Magerite (Leucanthemum vulgare), which is also called meadow marguerite or meadow spider flower.
Originally a wild plant that grows on pastures, meadows and at railway embankments, the meadow marguerite is now also offered in a cultivated form for the planting of gardens, parks, etc. It is a perennial plant and is 30 to 60 cm high. Meadow marguerites have white petals that are arranged around the yellow "eye" like a basket. Since they are very similar in the appearance of the odorless chamomile, they are sometimes confused with this.
Although meadow daisies are not poisonous, all plant parts can trigger contact allergies.
Since it is almost impossible to handle all the varieties of daisies and their constantly growing new breeds, only a few are considered as examples. Almost all varieties of daisies are offered in white, yellow, pink, red and shades of it.
Spring marguerite (Tanacetum coccineum)
The spring marguerite is about 90 cm high and flowers in May and June. She loves a sunny spot with well-drained garden soil. Spring flowers are also often used as cut flowers.
Summer marguerite (Leucantheum x superbum)
The summer marguerite is about 90 cm high, has white flowers and flowers in July and August. It should be planted in a sunny spot.
Autumn marguerite (Leucanthemella serotina)
The Herbstmagerite, which is also called Herbststern, is a perennial that is about 150 cm high. It has white petals around a yellow "eye" and flowers in September and October. Autumn leaners need a sunny or partially shaded location.
The large marguerite (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum maxima) is a large-flowered variety from the meadow marguerite. It is a perennial, hardy perennial that is 60 - 80 cm high and flowers from July to September. She loves a sunny location. The large marguerite is very well suited as a cut flower.
The shrub marguerite (Argyranthemum frutescens or Chrysanthemum frutescens) is a very popular, abundantly flowering container plant for the balcony, terrace and garden. If you do not want to overwinter it, you can also plant it in a bed. It is 80 - 150 cm high, has a fine, aromatic smelling foliage and makes numerous white, yellow or pink flowers. It blooms from May to October. Shrub marguerites are available as high stems or shrubs. As a special breed, a dwarf form, which looks similar to daisies and filled varieties, which look almost like chrysanthemums, offered.
The shrub marguerite prefers a sunny place, but can also be planted in semi-shade. High stems need to be well supported.
Care of shrub marguerites
Shrub margins need a lot of water. Therefore, they must be poured in the morning and in the evening on hot summer days. During the flowering period, they must be fertilized with liquid fertilizer at least twice a month. Bloomed flowers should be plucked to promote the flower neoplasm.
Shrub marguerites are susceptible to aphids and as a result are often attacked by sooty mildew fungi. Even white flies attack daisies.
aphidAphid attack on crooked, curled leaves, shoot tips or bud tips is recognizable.
Fungus can be recognized by the fact that the plant loses leaves and young shoots and the leaves are spotted.
A white flies infestation is seen on 2 mm winged insects sitting on the undersides of the leaves covered with white wax powder.
For overwintering, the shrub marguerite is placed in a bright, not too cool (8-12° C) room before the first frost and only moderately watered during the winter. It is not pruned before hibernation, otherwise there is a risk of drying up. Shrub marguerites will be cut by about 1/3 in May before being put out again.
- Height 75 -90cm
- Planting distance 38 -45cm
- Blossom in early summer
- Light, well-drained soil
- Open, sunny location
In early summer, the simple flowers unfold on upright stems to a diameter of 5-6cm. They are filled or unfilled and presented in a variety of reds and shades of white and in white. The feathery foliage is bright green. With their almost nostalgic charm, the flower stalks of Tanacetum make good in rustic bouquets.
The most common unfilled varieties are: Avalanche (white), Brenda (cherry red), Eileen May Robinson (pink), Evenglow (salmon), Kelways Glorious (red) and Taurus (blood red).
Stuffed varieties are: Aphrodite (white), Helen (light rose), Vanessa (rich pink with a yellow background), Lord Roseberry (red), Mont Blanc (white), Princess Mary (deep pink), Prospero (salmon) and Red Dwarf (carmine).
It is planted in early spring in light, well-drained soil in an open, sunny place and supports the plants from mid to late spring with pea rice. Water abundantly during the growing season and prune the stems immediately after flowering. Young plants sometimes bloom again in early autumn.
A division should take place if possible after 3 - 4 years, in the early spring or after flowering in midsummer, when the new basal shoots go through. Remove woody roots before re-planting.
Sow at the beginning of spring under glass at 16 degrees Celsius. Varietal propagation is unlikely.