The Content Of The Article:
- Soil and substrate
- Plants in the tub
- Plants in the bed
- to water
- education section
- Diseases and pests
The daisy tree proudly boasts in the summer garden with a colorful crown of pretty cup flowers. In contrast to the native meadow marguerite, the opulent semi-shrub from the Canary Islands offers us the option of raising it to a stem. In the bucket, the opulent daisy tree adorns the summery balcony or welcomes the visitor at the entrance as a floral guardian. Its tropical origin, coupled with a richly branched growth as a flowering shrub, require adequate care that differs from the perennial marguerite. High-sounding claims are still foreign to the Argyranthemum frutescens. Here you can read everything you need to care for the marguerite stem.
LocationIf the conditions on the site are right, the distinctive daisy stem thrills with an incessant flowering period from May to the first frost. This exotic flower dream takes shape especially where the floral ornamental piece finds a microclimate approaching the native islands of eternal spring. At these places, a daisy tree shows its most beautiful side:
- Full sun with 4 to 6 hours of sunshine daily
- Plain to partially shaded layers reduce the abundance of flowers
- Temperatures between ideal 20 and maximum 35 degrees Celsius
- Gladly air-rinsed to protect against stagnant heat in the summer
Tip: The higher the ideal temperature level of 20 degrees for a daisy tree is exceeded, the more noticeable the flowering time is shortened. A location in front of the south wall of the house proves to be disadvantageous.
Soil and substrateUnless there is no wintering for the daisy family, it likes to join the perennials in the summer garden. Choose a sunny location with a nutrient-rich, humus-rich soil in the bed. Fresh-damp should be the ground and have a reliable water outlet. Where the quality of the soil does not match the desired quality, you simply compensate for the deficiencies with aggregates. So you give dense soil with sand and fine grit more permeability. You can optimize lean soil with compost, bark humus, horse manure and horn shavings.
Since a daisy tree with winter hardiness can not come up, the vast majority of hobby gardeners favor cultivating in the tub. The ideal substrate consists of high-quality compost-based potting soil enriched with quartz sand, Perlite respiratory flakes or lava granules. A few handfuls of clay give an adult shrub marshes in the pot more stability.
Plants in the tub
In order to educate the subshrubs to a pretty Margeritenstämmchen, as early as possible in the beginning of the year is an advantage. Therefore, plant a young shrub daisy in early / mid-April in a large bucket with 5 to 10 liters of earth volume. The plant can already spend warm spring days on the balcony, so that it can be kept behind glass for the cold nights until mid-May. Potting and first parenting measures go hand in hand. How to do it right:
- Create a drainage from potsherds or pebbles, covered with breathable fleece
- Fill the bucket one-third with substrate
- Soak the still potted young plant in water until no more air bubbles rise
- Then pot and plant as deeply as before in the seedling container
- Next to the plant, put a sturdy support rod in the ground
- Determine the strongest shoot to the trunk and connect to the support rod
- Remove the competition drives to the trunk as well as the lower side shoots
Plants in the bedFor a daisy tree in the bed, the time window for planting opens only in mid-May. The cold-sensitive plant should not be exposed to the risks of delayed soil frost. Loosen the soil thoroughly at the site and remove weeds, old roots and larger stones. While the potted root bales are soaked in water, you are setting up a spacious planting pit. The excavation is mixed with compost, horn shavings and sand.
Plant the potted young plant together with the support post so that the previous planting depth remains unchanged. After the soil has been pressed down and watered, take the first educational measures to the Hochstämmchen, similar to the planting in the bucket.
Tip: If you place a marguerite stem with pot in the garden soil, it can easily be lifted out of the ground in autumn and overwintered.
to waterIn the full-sun, warm location, a daisy tree continuously releases moisture through its dense crown. Regular watering compensates for water loss, which is rewarded with vigorous flowering. How to properly water the flowering shrub:
- Check the substrate by fingerprint daily in the morning
- When the surface has dried, pour normal water directly onto the root disk
- Do not sprinkle daisy stems overhead
FertilizeIn the successful care of daisies as trunks, nutrient supply plays an important role. The dense flower and leaves dress demands a lot of energy from the plant. By continuously balancing consumption during growth and flowering, deficiency symptoms can not affect the lavish appearance. How to properly fertilize in the garden and on the balcony:
- From April to September in the bucket, add liquid fertilizer to the irrigation water two to three times a week
- Before and after pour with clear water
- In the bed from May to September weekly compost and horn shavings einharken and refill
- Alternatively, in May and July, administer a long-term fertilizer according to the manufacturer's instructions
In a partially shaded, warm location, keep the substrate slightly moist, because drought stress is the greatest danger for a successful course. Fertilizer is not given at this stage, as in lean soil rooting is faster. A fresh shoot signalizes that roots are sprouting on a cuttings, whereupon the cover can be removed. Wait with the repot until a strong root system has developed.
Diseases and pests
Deciduous and cloudy wilt (Verticillium)If a daisy tree is expected to have a heavy, wet soil, an infestation with the deciduous and cloudy wilt threatens. It is a fungal infection that seeks its way through the pathways from the roots into the leaves and shoots. The supply lines clog, preventing water and nutrients from reaching the crown. The result is withered leaves and shoots. If you cut a branch, it is dark inside. How to fight the disease:
- Cut back all infected shoots to the green tissue
- Thoroughly loosen up the soil and make it more permeable to sand
- In case of waterlogging in the bucket, repot the marguerite stem
- Always pour only when the substrate surface has dried
aphidsThe pretty pinnate leaves of a shrub daisy are a popular target for aphids. Just in time for the beginning of the garden season, the pests spread on the lower and upper sides. By piercing the tissue with their mouthparts and extracting the sap, the plant visibly loses its vitality. Without countermeasures the daisy tree dies. Use a simple home remedy to get rid of the aphids. This is how it works:
- Cover the root disk with foil in the bed and put the bucket in a plastic bag on the balcony
- Rinse off the crown with the sharpest possible jet of water
- Cut out severely affected shoots and dispose of them as household waste
spider mitesWith the move to winter quarters, the risk of pest infestation is not banned. Now, spider mites are lurking for removing the juice from the leaves. White spiders and speckled leaves signal the need for action, as the mites can multiply explosively.Nevertheless, the handle to the chemical insecticide is not necessary, because in the early stage of infestation these options are available to you:
- Always quarantine spider mite infested plants
- From now on sprinkle the daisy tree daily with soft water
- Place humidifier in the immediate vicinity
- Make a broth from nettles, chopped onions and garlic cloves
- So that the affected shrub margins treated repeatedly
- Alternatively pack the plant airtight for 3 to 5 days in a transparent bag
Lovingly cared for with proper care, the daisy-stem makes a decorative contribution to the summerly flower-leaping. In the sunny location with nutrient-rich, loosely-humus soil, the floral treasure of the Canary Islands is the honor. The cultivation in the bucket is advantageous from several points of view. Early in the year, the upbringing can be initiated to the Hochstämmchen as part of the planting. Furthermore, the option of multi-annual care is open, as mobility allows the move to winter quarters. Regular watering, repeated fertilising from April to August and consistent cleaning of withered flowers round off the care program. After a hibernation in the bright, cool location and a pruning, the marguerite tree will again impressively stand out next year with its flower-rich, round crown.