Virgin in nature, Nigella damascena - plants and care

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Virgin in the countryside

Originally from the Mediterranean region, the virgin in the open air was native to almost every garden in earlier times. The versatile ornamental plant with the impressive flowers is one of the annual summer flowering plants. Little need to know about the needs of Nigella damascena to successfully cultivate it in their own garden.
The plant with the characteristic bracts, which are arranged in a spiderweb-like structure around the corolla around, is rarely found in native gardens. It was allowed the virgin in the countryside earlier in any farm garden missing. Nigella damascena is extremely robust, even snails make a big bow around the annual summer flower. Whether natural garden or self-catering paradise: The Hahnenfußgewächs is even with smaller areas cope. Even with plant pots the ornamental flower is satisfied with the impressive flowers.

Location and ground

Around the penultimate turn of the century, the maiden in the countryside was one of the most popular farmer garden plants. Even today, the one-year summer flower gives natural gardens an ancient charm. The flowers belonging to the family Hahnenfußgewächse need a sunny to partially shaded location. In shady places, the flowers are visibly under them, so you should avoid these places. Depending on the variety, the moths can reach a stature height between 20 and 70 centimeters. This provides interesting opportunities to combine the different types of Nigella damascena.
The fast-growing cottage garden plant is extremely robust and thrives almost everywhere in the garden. Even a dry or lean substrate is tolerated by the virgin in the countryside. To promote good health and flowering, however, the soil should ideally be deep and rich in humus. In the planter, it is sufficient if you enrich conventional potting soil with humus.

Pouring and fertilizing

Virgin in the countryside

"Gretchen im Busch" and "Damaszener Kümmel", as the maiden in the countryside is often called, is one of the undemanding inhabitants of a garden. Even longer dry periods in summer survive the plants. However, the heat wave is often not without a trace of the plants over, unless countermeasures are taken before. Water the plants regularly. Whether you rely on rainwater or calcareous tap water, Nigella damascena is relatively unimportant. Standing wetness is only occasionally accepted by the ornamental plants. Work against waterlogging and the associated root rot already in advance. The other plants in your garden will also benefit if you loosen up the soil in the flower beds with fine pebbles. This counteracts a compression of the substrate, so that water and air can better get to the roots.
Long-term or liquid fertilizers from specialist retailers do not have to be used for the annual and herbaceous ornamental plant. You can meet the nutritional requirements of black seed plants by mixing the soil with compost in spring and late summer. Regularly mulch the soil while removing disturbing weeds. In planters, you can use the summer flowers approximately every 4 to 6 weeks with conventional liquid fertilizer.


Nigella damascena is only propagated by sowing. If the plant feels well at the selected location, it actively contributes to its reproduction. You may even have to restrict the virgin in the countryside even in their strong propagation urge. This is done by continuously removing the withered flowers. In order to cultivate the native in the Mediterranean plant in their own garden, only little effort is necessary. The sowing takes place from March directly in the bed. Late frosts have little effect on the Gretchen in the bush, so you can do without previous cultivation in the planter.
The buttercup plant is one of the dark germs, the first shoot tips show up after a maximum of 20 days. Ambient temperatures around 17° C, however, can accelerate germination.
Prepare the bed before sowing:
  • Remove soil from rooting debris, weeds and stones.
  • Mix substrate with humus.
  • To spread seeds.
  • Cover the seeds with soil.
  • Keep evenly moist.
Tip: It is best to mark the spot where you have applied the seeds. Because all too easily germinating ornamental plants can be confused with unwanted weeds.

Virgin in the countryside

The virgin in the countryside is also suitable for planting in vessels. For example, you can turn your large balcony or sunny terrace into a Mediterranean landscape. Whether in the garden or in the tub, combine the plants with other summer flowers, such as larkspur, daisies, lilies and dahlias. Nigella damascena only comes into its own well in society.Planters can be prepared as follows:
  • Select a sufficiently large bucket.
  • At the bottom, a drainage of porous material is applied.
  • Substrate with humus enrichment.
  • Fill the container with the prepared soil.
  • To spread seeds.
  • Moisten the soil regularly.
Before the germination of the ornamental flowers, place the tub in its final location in the field. The farmer garden plants are extremely robust and can easily withstand direct sunlight even as young plants.


Harvest the seeds of the plant before they are thrown out of their shell by the wind. Seed maturity starts around August. As soon as the boll turns brown, the seeds inside are ripe and can be collected. To prevent uncontrolled sowing, you should work quickly. Because on hot and sunny days, the capsules open and the seeds spread over a large area of ​​themselves in the garden. Still immature seeds should be ripened in a dry place.

To cut

A classic back or shape cut does not occur in the annual flowering summer bloomers only. The plant can not be stimulated by removing wilted inflorescences by any means to a second bloom flor. By cutting out withered plant parts, however, the strong propagation urge of ornamental plants can be stopped. If you've missed the right time and seed maturity has already started, remove the plant parts with a glass. If you put this over the seed pod from below, the falling seed will not reach the ground. In the autumn you can prepare the bed or the flower box for the maidens. For sowing in spring, the seeds must be kept in a dry, cool place.
The maiden in the countryside is also suitable as a vase jewelry. The decorative flower decoration is cut shortly before the flower opens. Use a sharp knife for this because the cutting mechanism of scissors only squeezes the stems unnecessarily. Nigella damascena also gives a very effective appearance in the vase when dried. The dried seed capsules adorn every bouquet of dried flowers. The virgin in the countryside is cut before the opening of the seed coat. Whether you cut off the plant near the ground or use only the top 15 centimeters, is completely up to you. Place the crop upright in a container without water, the drying site must not be exposed to direct sunlight. With finely powdered silica gel you can get the colors of ornamental flowers reasonably.


Virgin in the countryside

Originally from the Mediterranean region, the plant is annual, you can do without a special winter protection. Immediately after the last bloom, the flowering begins. If you have no objection to self-seeding, the withered shoots will not be removed until spring. However, if you would like to control the multiplication of the virgin in the countryside, then cut off the withered flowers or the entire plant completely before seed maturation. In winter-mild regions, it is not uncommon for young Nigella to survive unscathed in the cold season.
The buttercup plant is an extremely fascinating and robust plant. Even if you can invest only little time in your garden, so you can easily grow and cultivate the virgin in the countryside. The plant can be planted very well together with other summer bloomers. Only the strong Selbstaussaat can quickly become a problem in smaller ornamental gardens. If this is undesirable, you should separate the withered flowers before seed maturity.

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