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A barbeque with friends on balmy summer evenings is a pleasure, especially if it takes place on the self-built terrace. Terraces are not just an enhancement of the facade. They also contribute to the living comfort and can be individually designed and furnished at will. Even a self-built terrace construction is not as complicated as you might think.
Preparation for terraced construction: materials and cost considerations
If you have a terrace built by a specialist, you have to expect about two to three times as much as if you built it yourself. With good pre-information and a little manual skill, the long-awaited dream of your own terrace can soon come true and you can also save good money. The terrace building can be made of materials such as stone, wood or a combination of both materials themselves, with the variant of the wooden terrace is the cheapest.
In the case of wooden terraces, which are attached directly to the house, the floor also needs to be leveled out or even adjusted, which minimizes all the effort and costs. Of course, the costs are also dependent on the size of the terrace. Impregnated decking made of spruce wood is available from 90 cents per meter. Plan the purchase of the following materials for the terrace construction:
- enough gravel
- Laying sand
- a wooden lath and distance woods
- enough concrete slabs
- as well as supporting timber and covering woods
- Straps and a string
- Countersunk screws for laying the planks and
- a metal rail
Instructions: Terrace construction step by step
- First and foremost, you dig out the staked area deep enough to get the decking with its upper edge exactly to the desired height.
- The next step is to build up and compact a gravel layer of about 15 to 20 cm thick. This gives the whole thing stability. Then laying sand is scattered, in about a height of 5 cm. The concrete slabs can be precisely aligned on this layer.
- When distributing the concrete slabs evenly on the gravel layer, it must be ensured that the gaps in between do not become too large, otherwise the bearing beams will bend. About 60 cm distance are just right.
- Next, the plates are aligned horizontally to one side. With a spirit level, the leveling bar and the rubber mallet that's easy. Vertical is thereby provided for a slight tilt of about 15° or 2%. If the terrace is built directly on the house, it is important that the slope moves down from the house.
- Now come the stretcher's turn. These are placed crosswise to the covering woods on the plates. Normally, the paving wood runs parallel to the building's front. Tip: With roofing felt or neoprene film, the support points can also be isolated against moisture.
- Now the lining woods are fastened. It is important to keep a distance of 5 mm. Be careful when laying the decking boards, so that they do not slip. A webbing clamp is the right tool for this. It helps to hold the planks together so that they can be screwed on more easily.
- The next step is to screw the decking boards. It is important that a distance between the planks of 3 mm is maintained. With suitable spacers such as wood chips in this thickness, the distance can be well secured.
- If everything was screwed well, the largest part is done first. Admire your work!
Tips for the edge design
Now there are still some possibilities for the matching edge design of the new terrace. Concrete palisades are weather-resistant and also pretty to look at. Here, when mounting on a distance of at least 2 cm to pay attention, as wood is known to work and may even expand. The distance is also important for ventilation.
Concrete edging or a concrete bed frame ensures a long shelf life of the terrace, and the whole thing makes a very stable impression. The curbs are very easy to assemble. They are stuck in the ground, compressed laterally and thus well stabilized.
If the terrace was built close to the ground, simple pebbles along the edge are beautiful.
Terrace after construction: care instructions
Pre-impregnated wooden floorboards are already well supplied for the first year.However, you should then carry out a regular care, so you have a long pleasure in the self-built terrace. A terrace oil is ideal for the care of the wood and the impregnation. Before that, the boards should be cleaned of dust and dirt, for example with a medium strength brush and some water. Even a pressure washer with a low pressure is ideal for the thorough cleaning of the terrace. Allow the terrace to dry completely before applying the best colorless or, if desired, colored terrace oil. The wood gets back the necessary moisture and the uniform coloring and is also noticeably finer. Carry out the care with a terrace oil once a year, and you will long enjoy your self-built terrace.
Conclusion of the editorship
On closer inspection, terrace building is not a complicated matter. Also priced is a beautiful wooden terrace at the house no major investment. With a little skill and enjoyment of work, your dream terrace becomes a feast for the eyes and an additional room for warm sunny days.