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Herbs are spicy and tasty, in addition, many types of herbs have beneficial effects. With its own herb garden, the menu can be complemented by hearty herb plants, which can be harvested if necessary. Herbs are not only suitable for seasoning food, but also for the preparation of teas and refreshing cold drinks. When planting a herb garden, especially the location conditions and the selection of herbs play an important role so that the gardener can count on a rich harvest over a long period of time.
Where the herb garden is laid out, the gardener can choose as desired, but some important requirements should be fulfilled. Most types of herbs need a lot of light, so the site should have enough sunshine. Some herbs prefer a shady spot in the short term, this factor can be realized by directly standing perennials or small trees. Which site conditions are preferred depends primarily on the origin of the type of herb. Herbs do not usually need much space and grow and thrive in almost all bedding plants and planters:
- For Mediterranean herbs, sunny to full sun are ideal
- Native species usually prefer semi-shaded locations
- Floor area of about 2-5 square meters is completely sufficient
- Measure the respective area well before putting it on
- Pay attention to permeable and nutrient-rich soil quality
- Observe differing claims of the varieties on the nutrient content of the soil
- Divide herb garden into various zones with different conditions
- Be sure to include expansion, growth habit and hardiness of the herbs in the planning
Design & form
A herb garden can be perfectly integrated into an existing vegetable garden, however, a separate area for the herbs can be created. There are no limits to the imagination of the design and the shape, but certain forms of care have been proven in the care, due to the differing demands of the herbs. These include, above all, the spiral-shaped herb snail and the practical raised bed. When planting the herb garden always make sure that it is not too big and is easy to reach and to do from all sides. As a covering for the paths around the bed and between the individual bed sections are natural materials ideal, which are still good to commit even when wet. In addition, the beds can be enclosed with shapely stones, practical palisades or a hedge, here offer low-growing varieties such as the boxwood:
- Drawing a plan before applying should include the location and size of the area
- Draw in beds complete with paths, pay attention to simple concepts
- Schedule geometrically simple shapes and reasonable distances
- Suitable materials for the paths: gravel, split and natural stones
- Sort bedding sections by herbs with compatible site claims
- Raised bed is easier to harvest
- Visually appealing are designs from the field of stone and cottage gardens
- Herbal spiral with stone surround covers different site requirements
Tip: With a clear budget for the design of the herb garden, the laying out of bark mulch offers as a base for the ways. In this way, the herbs are still easy to reach even in the rain, without causing the feet to get wet.
Design with stones
Stones can be used excellently as design elements in the herb garden and serve to delimit and protect delicate herbs. In this way, various sections with different site conditions can be created in the herb bed. The laying out of gravel makes the herb garden easier to care for and is easy to accommodate between the planted areas. So that Mediterranean medicinal and herbal plants can flourish perfectly, they need a warm and sheltered place due to the local temperature conditions. In the cultivation of heat-loving herbs from southern European countries, the creation of a herbal spiral has proven itself, which should be in a sunny location:
- Garden wall made of natural stone is bordering between flowerbeds and other garden areas
- Use stones as drywall to limit bedding sections
- At a distance, use flat stone slabs as a stepping surface
- Stone bed with laid gravel prevents weeds from overgrowing
- Use sandstones as protection for Mediterranean herbs
- Bright sandstone stores the heat given off by the sun and releases it to the herbs
The range of herbs and medicinal plants is very large, the selection should be based on the personal taste and individual preferences. In addition, the care intensity and the location requirements of the respective varieties are to be considered, the selected plants should be able to adapt to the prevailing local climatic operations without difficulty. So that the herbs really find their regular use, they must be suitable for the favorite foods and drinks. For exotic herb varieties, they should be tried better before planting, as it often comes to nasty surprises in the flavor. In the herbal plants, a distinction is made between annual, biennial and perennial varieties, which have different requirements for care:
- Proven annual herb varieties: dill, chervil, cilantro, cress and marjoram
- Biennial and perennial herbs: basil, caraway, lavender, lovage, mint, oregano, parsley, rosemary, sage, chives, thyme and lemon balm
- Mediterranean herbs are extremely sun-tolerant and thrive even on poor soils
- Southern herbs: lavender, oregano, rosemary, sage and thyme
- Herbs for sunny and partially shaded location with nutrient-rich soils: dill, coriander, lemon balm and mint
- Varieties for partially shady, humus-rich and slightly humid places: tarragon, nasturtium, chervil, marjoram, parsley and chives
- Sorrel and woodruff are ideal for shady, humus rich and humid locations
In the retail trade, there is now a wide range of seeds and pre-grown young plants to obtain, with which a herb garden can be brought to life. Non-hardy herbs are only to be cultivated in the planter, at the end of autumn these sensitive varieties must move to a suitable winter quarters. When sowing and planting the right time is crucial, so that the herbs can grow and thrive without problems magnificent:
- Soil well before planting
- One year old herbs as seeds in the herb garden
- Ideal time for sowing is from mid-May, after the last ground frosts
- Cover freshly sown herb seeds with a little garden tissue immediately after sowing
- Initial coverage promotes germination
- Two-year and perennial herbs already in the previous September sow
- Alternatively, plant as preferred perennials in spring or autumn
If the site conditions are right, the care effort in the herb garden is minimized, so these factors must be taken into account, otherwise the herb bed will do a lot of unnecessary work. Water the herbs either in the morning or in the evenings, when the sun's rays are not or no longer fully active. Otherwise, the irrigation water can burn the herbs and cause death. The Mediterranean herbs require little water and can handle even poorly nutrient soils, so they do not need much fertilizer. With herbs, it is better to do without chemical fertilizers, as these not only harm the health, but also negatively influence the taste of the respective herb variety:
- Avoid waterlogging
- Place soil in pots and pans with a layer of gravel or granules
- Southern varieties handle well with heat and drought
- Local herbs need sheltered places with constant pouring units
- Fertilize once or twice a year with compost, either in spring and / or autumn
- Water regularly and remove weeds
- Do not change hardy herbs into suitable winter quarters at the end of autumn
- At the onset of winter, cover sensitive herbs with fleece or brushwood
Plant herb garden - a selection of popular plants
There are many garden herbs. Before devoting himself to creating a herbal bed, one should first ask yourself which herbs are actually often used in the kitchen. In addition to a "minimum herbal stock", it is always worthwhile to grow some herbal rarities. From experience, however, it can be said that the number of herbs that are often used, usually remains manageable.
A small selection of plants that are at home in many herb gardens:
- Parsley - versatile and popular, is sown every year or every two years.
- Chives - can overwinter for years in the herb bed.
- Sage - grows into a lush shrub, already planning enough space when planting.
- Thyme - goes very well with dishes containing tomato and paprika.
- Rosemary - it's sunny, goes well with meat dishes and serves as an ingredient in popular rosemary potatoes.
- Bohenkraut - gives bean dishes the right spice.
- Dill - goes well with any cucumber salad.
- Peppermint - is unbeatable in addition to lemon balm as a tea ingredient.
- Lavender - smells intense and can also be processed as a soap.
- Tarragon - gives salads Pepp.
- Chamomile - a popular medicinal plant that helps with stomach problems.
- Basil - Basil leaves should not be missing on any tomato-mozarella plate. Attention! Also snails like basil.
An herb garden is set up quickly and supplies dedicated hobby cooks with many fresh herbs for the preparation of food and drinks. When choosing the location, the claims of the various herbs are essential, otherwise they wither away quickly. A spiral-shaped herbal snail can be used to simulate deviant site conditions in the smallest of spaces in order to be able to plant many different types of herbs. A practical raised bed makes it easier for gardeners to work and also provides good protection against pests and bad weather conditions. The spicy smell and the savory taste of the herbs provide ample compensation for the working hours used.