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The dragon tree, Latin Dracaena reflexa, the climate loves his original home Mauritius. When moderate light, adequate warmth, and sufficient humidity are provided, the dragon tree is one of the most modest foliage plants.
The subspecies have different leaf colorations. They range from monochrome green across two-tone striped to pink, red or yellow striped leaves. The care and maintenance is unpretentious and well suited for beginners and inexperienced.
Dragon tree seedlings, pegs or seeds
Basically, the Dracaena reflexa is a slow-growing plant. If you want to sow, dress or grow the dragon tree, you need patience.
- Seeds germinate after three days to six weeks
- Cuttings need five to six weeks for rooting
- Seedlings grow a maximum of 10 cm a year
Buy Dracaena reflexa, pots and repot
The seedlings or larger plants of the dragon tree are usually pulled in ordinary potting soil and sold. After purchase, you should remove the seed pot, especially if it is made of plastic. Choose a clay pot diameter that is about one third of the current plant height.
Cover the bottom of the pot with a 1 to 2 cm thick layer of potsherds or clay granules. Put the open root ball in loose potting soil. Especially the dragon tree potting soil on compost basis. Special substrates and soils for palms are also well suited.
The contentment of Dracaena reflexa is also expressed in terms of potting. Normally, it should be repotted every two to three years in the spring. Follow the rule of thumb "One-third diameter of the plant height" up to the plant size of around one meter. Thereafter, the repot corresponds to a renewal of the earth at a constant pot size.
Dragon tree grows well in these places
The Dracaena reflexa tends to love the tropical conditions that prevail in their homeland. It rejects cold and darkness and you do not get extreme solar radiation. The dragon tree is not particularly sensitive. As an outdoor plant, it is not suitable.
As a good location is a window seat in question, which gets no intense midday sun. Early and evening sun are no problem. In a south-facing window, the Dracaena reflexa should be placed two to three meters behind the window. So she benefits from the light of the sun, without being directly illuminated.
External conditions for Dracaena reflexa
The dragon tree estimates tropical conditions in terms of humidity and temperature. Ideally, the room temperature is 18 to 23° C and may even rise to 25° C. From temperatures below 10° C gets the Dracaena reflexa problems. The leaves may turn brown or begin to fall off from below. Too dry air does not like the dragon tree. Therefore, its location should not be chosen directly over a radiator. If low humidity prevails, evaporation cups help near the plant. The regular spraying with lukewarm water gets the Dracaena reflexis very well. On very dry summer days or in dried air heating daily spraying is advisable.
She needs so much water and fertilizer
The water requirement of a dragon tree is medium to low. In the spring and summer should be poured three to five times a week. The soil should be soaked, but not leachate down. When in doubt, always pour less than more. In autumn and winter, watering is reduced and reduced to a rhythm of once or twice a week. The best way to determine the right dosage is to re-feel the potting soil. It should be kept slightly moist and also a little too dry in winter rather than too wet.
The addition of fertilizer should be limited to the growing season in spring and summer. A nitrogen fertilizer mixed with the irrigation water can support growth every two to three weeks. Again, the rule of thumb is that the Dragon Tree is not a friend of extremes. When in doubt, restrict fertilization instead of risking over-fertilization.
Turn dragon tree and shorten
A Dracaena reflexa in advanced age sometimes resembles a palm tree. Although botanically unrelated, the plants share the habit of focusing strongly on sunlight. The dragon tree does not tend to turn its leaves in the direction of light, but develops more shoots on the side facing the light. In extreme cases, the whole plant is strongly in one direction. A monthly turn, especially in spring and summer, leads to a more even growth.
To cut the dragon tree, the relatively brutal-looking heads of the plant is recommended. With a secateurs or a knife, the strongest center drive is separated about two centimeters below the leaf crown. To prevent dehydration, the open interface should be sealed with candle wax. About two weeks after shortening, two new shoots emerge directly below the interface.
Put on fresh cuttings
In order to increase the Dracaena reflexa, the severed central drive or any other cut off shoot can be used. The rooting can be done in two ways.
- Put the cutting in a glass or a small vase with water.
- Put the cuttings in a pot filled with peat and damp sand.
Signs of problems
If the room temperature is too high or too low, the lower leaves will fall off first. Similarly, the over-watering, which can also lead to browning leaf tips. If the roots are moldy at the tips, you must repot immediately into dry soil. When there is a lack of light, the leaves lose their tension and hang down. The Dracaena reflexa almost never has anything to do with pests.
Frugal tropical foliage plant
The Dracaena reflexa is an immature plant that grows frugally at the right location. It forgives too rare watering better than too strong watering and loves humidity. A humidifier or the regular spraying with water rewards it with radiant foliage that prefers to turn to the sun.
Worth knowing about Dracaena reflexa soon
- Dracaena reflexa is native to Mauritius, grows tall and slim.
- Its leaves are lancet-shaped, with a length of 12-16 cm.
- The leaf color of the original variety is leathery green.
- However, there are already some variegated varieties with very nice leaf colorations.
- The water requirement is within the normal range, so pour moderately but regularly.
- A high humidity should be sought.
- Daily spraying and in winter a humidifier are extremely helpful.
- The nutrient requirement also depends in this case partly on the water requirement.
- In the growth phase, water once every 14 days with a 0.1% fertilizer solution.
- If the plant is warmer in winter, you should treat the plant every 6 weeks during this period with a small amount of fertilizer.