Dwarf Plum, Prunus cistena - care and cutting


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Dwarf Plum, Prunus cistena - care and cutting: care

The Dwarf Blood Plum comes as a compact ornamental shrub with special charm, characterized by dark red foliage, a pink spring blossom and bright red fruit in autumn. Creative hobby gardeners like to cultivate the wood as a neat trunk in the bucket, because the height of growth of 2 meters is rarely exceeded. At the same time, the Prunus cistena proves a robust modesty, because in terms of its heat and cold compatibility, it is considered exemplary. The following instructions for care and cutting inform you in detail and practice-related about all relevant aspects.

Location

Its remarkable resilience is due to the dwarf plum of the wild cherry plum from which it emerged. It thrives in the open air along the forests or on orchards, where it understands how to arrange soil qualities of different characteristics. This talent passed the wild species to their cultivar, so the description of the suitable location can be broad.
  • Sunny to partially shaded location
  • Gladly sheltered and warm
  • Permeable, nutrient-rich soil
  • Fresh and humid
Since this description applies to the classic ornamental garden and kitchen garden in general, the aesthetic perspective may be placed in the foreground when choosing the location. The woodland gives you additional latitude in bucket culture, if the local conditions reduce to suitable light and temperature conditions. As a substrate we recommend a structurally stable potting soil, optimized with compost, horn shavings and a few handfuls of perlite.

Pouring and fertilizing

In the year of planting, the dwarf's blood plum claims a higher level of nursing attention than in later years. Thus, a weather-related pouring is considered the top priority during the growing phase. In terms of nutrient supply, the ornamental wood is rather modest. These aspects are important:
  • Young Prunus cistena abundant and regularly pour in drought
  • Water established trees only in case of lack of rain
  • Pay attention to a constant supply of water in the bucket
  • In March, administer a slow-release fertilizer, supplemented by a bloom fertilizer in May
  • Alternatively, from March to August every 2 weeks organic fertilize with compost and horn shavings
For potted plants, the use of liquid fertilizer for flowering shrubs in the dosage recommended by the manufacturer. Alternatively fertilizer sticks or cones are used, which are usually refreshed every 6 to 8 weeks.

To cut

Among the individual characteristics is the slow growth of 10 to 20 centimeters per year. Nevertheless, an annual back and shape cut is advisable. In this way, you maintain the shapely silhouette and make room for new shoots. In addition, a professional cut has an advantageous effect on the abundance of flowers and the autumnal fruit hanging. The choice of the appointment is determined by the desired goal of the care measure. If the pruning takes place immediately after flowering, this appointment is at the expense of the fruit abundance and in favor of the next flowers. Cut the wood in the late winter in shape, while numerous buds are lost because they were created in the previous year. The cutting is done according to this scheme:
  • Make an appointment with covered, dry weather
  • Thoroughly clear the shrub by cutting deadwood at the base
  • Cut off all dead branches on stems from the crown
  • Remove inward shoots completely
  • Eliminate sticky and steeply growing branches
  • Cut off flowered branches by a third
Place the cutting tool in a slight inclined position so that the cut occurs just above a sleeping eye. In this way, you animate the wood to another branching and a compact habit. Whole branches are cut on Astring. This means that no stubs remain on the trunk. At the end of the Shaping and Conservation Cut, the Dwarf Blood Plum is altogether so airy that the sun's rays can penetrate into all areas. Individual corrections can be made throughout the year unless it freezes.
Tip: Tearing off wild shoots and water squirts sprouting out of the underlay with a spirited momentum prevents the unwanted sprouting for a longer time than a simple cut.

overwinter

Dwarf Blood Plum, Prunus cistena, Cherry Plum

The deciduous ornamental and fruit trees in the bed even the lowest temperatures can not harm. Only in the year of planting a light winter protection is recommended. The tree disc is covered with a thick layer of loam, brushwood or straw. The young branches receive a hood made of fleece or jute.If the temperatures permanently exceed the frost limit in the spring, the winter protection is removed so that condensation and rot can not form underneath. If you cultivate a prunus cistena in the tub, it needs an annual protective measure so that the root ball does not freeze. Harmful here is not the frost itself, but the fluctuating temperature. A repeated change from frost to thawing did not cope with the tissue cells and burst. Deep in the ground, such hardships are rare. In the exposed position of a planter, they are among the most common dangers. To effectively prevent a forest damage:
  • Place the planter on a thick cork or wooden block
  • Cover the bucket with nap foil in several layers
  • Spread leaves, straw or pineapple on the substrate
For a spot in front of the protective south wall of the house, the wood is now particularly grateful. In addition, it helps to hibernate successfully if you water the shrub or trunks on non-forestry days, as long as there is no snow.

Diseases and pests

The professional care in unit with an annual form and maintenance cut creates a resilient plant that can ward off attacks by diseases and pests. If, on the other hand, there are minor or major failures, the blood plum is so weakened that fungal spores, viruses and parasites have an easy time. In addition, damp and cold weather has a negative impact on health, regardless of prudent care. The following problems have been frequently observed:
Fool or pocket disease
The mushroom fungus Taphrina pruni causes unnatural growth due to uncontrolled cell proliferation. This manifests itself in untypically shaped fruits that appear elongated or curved. After they first grow with a smooth shell, forms towards the end of May, a floury-white patina. In the further course, the plums shrivel, discolour in an unappetizing brown violet and fall off. Typical of this disease is that no stone forms inside the fruit. Effective fungicides for home and garden allot yet. These control and preventive measures are available:
  • The complete removal of all infected parts of plants in the early infestation stage
  • When cutting back every year, pay attention to a loose, airy crown structure
  • The faster the leaves dry, the lower the risk of infection
  • Do not dispose of clippings and fruit mummies on the compost
Monilia fruit rot
This fungal infection only becomes effective when the dwarf blood plum proudly presents its bright red fruiting. It form round, brownish decay points. The spores completely penetrate the cherry plums, causing them to rot and fall to the ground. These possibilities of defense are ready:
  • At the first sign remove all affected plums
  • Do not dispose of it on the compost but in the trash
  • Place traps for wasps so that they do not injure the fruits by stitches
  • Consistently perform a pruning every spring after flowering
  • To strengthen from February treat with horsetail broth or liverwort extract
aphids
Just in time for the beginning of spring, they lurk again everywhere, the black, green and brown aphids. At first unnoticed on the underside of the leaves, they spread explosively over the entire wood and suck the life out of the leaves. How to tackle the pests:
  • Cum the shrub or tree with the sharpest possible jet of water
  • Then spray repeatedly with a milk-water mixture in the ratio 1: 9
  • In case of high infestation pressure, make a brew of tobacco remainders and apply
As an effective control agent on an environmentally friendly basis, a broth has proven itself from 500 grams of nettle leaves and 5 liters of water. This should be drawn for 24 hours, then simmer for 20 minutes to be used after cooling until all aphids have been eliminated.
ConclusionWith a dwarf-Blutpflaume creative hobby gardeners are well advised, who want a colorful and at the same time undemanding ornamental shrubs. For the purple foliage, the delicate pink flowers and the red fruits to thrive, it requires only a small amount of care. Regular watering and fertilizing from March to August create the basis for magnificent growth. Complemented by an annual cut, the Prunus cistena will not worry you.

Video Board: Pruning a Purple Leaf Plum.

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