Dwarf fruit tree - everything about the cultivation of dwarf fruit in the garden


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Dwarf fruit tree - everything about the cultivation of dwarf fruit in the garden: tree

Dwarf fruit trees in the garden have long been more than just a trend. They have established themselves as a sophisticated alternative to traditional fruit trees. It does not have to be a miracle, after all, the tiny creatures have a decisive advantage - they need very little space. At the same time they bear fruit much faster than their big brothers. The fruits themselves do not differ or hardly. And also in terms of care is no longer necessary than traditional fruit trees.
In short: A dwarf fruit tree is a damn clever alternative.

What exactly is a dwarf fruit tree?

First of all, a dwarf fruit tree is a fruit tree just like any other. The fruits he carries are virtually indistinguishable from the fruits of other trees. The tree growth itself is essentially the same. The only real difference is the size of the plant. A dwarf fruit tree becomes a maximum of 1.50 meters high. As a rule, most dwarf fruit trees range in size from one to 1.20 meters. The reason for this is a genetic change in the genetic material. In this context, one could also speak of a genetic defect that the breeders take advantage of. Of course, this dwarfism means that the harvest quantity is significantly lower. However, the quality of the fruit and the taste does not change. By the way, dwarf fruit trees can easily be grown in a sufficiently large planter.

sorts

Theoretically, any conventional fruit tree can be made into a dwarf fruit tree through breeding and genetic modification. In practice, however, the variety selection is relatively limited. The trade usually offers only common varieties. The most popular and thus most widespread are:
  • Dwarf apple Alkmene Linus
  • Dwarf apple Delgrina
  • Dwarf pear Helenchen
  • Dwarf pear Luisa
  • Dwarf Cherry Regina
  • Dwarf Cherry Stella Compact
  • Dwarf sour cherry Morellini
  • Dwarf Peach Bonanza
  • Dwarf Plum Imperial
In addition, of course, other varieties can be found at regional suppliers. In the meantime, there is also a quite acceptable diversity of varieties in the field of dwarf fruit trees.

Location

sweet cherries

Fruit trees always love a sunny spot if possible. Of course, this also applies to dwarf fruit trees. Shadows or partial shade, on the other hand, are not her thing. Sun and heat play a major role not least for the development of the fruits of the tree. At least indirectly, they also influence the respective sweetness and intensity of taste. A sunny location in the garden is therefore mandatory - regardless of whether the tree is now planted directly in the soil or cultivated in a bucket. If the chosen location is then somewhat protected, there is nothing in the way of prosperous growth.

Soil or substrate

A humus and clay soil is ideal for a dwarf fruit tree. Before planting, the soil should be thoroughly mixed with compost once again. Fruit trees need a lot of nutrients to get the fruits out of the ground. So the fuller the soil, the better for the tree. This should especially be kept in mind, if you want to deploy the dwarf fruit tree in a planter. A mixture of gravel, humus, compost and clay is ideal for this. The gravel has the task to drain off the water. Dwarf fruit trees need a lot of water and must be poured regularly in the bucket, but they do not like waterlogging at all.

Cultivation in the planter

As already mentioned several times, dwarf fruit trees are perfect for cultivating in the tub. The big advantage is obvious: The tree can be easily moved within the garden if necessary, or find space on the terrace. He has to stand outside though. Also, the general requirements for the location always apply. Note: A dwarf fruit tree is not a houseplant! When mounting in a bucket, the following should be noted:
  • sufficiently large planter, capacity of at least 30 liters
  • very nutrient-rich substrate
  • Pebble insert for better water drainage
  • Do not kink or damage roots when planting
  • Fertilize regularly from spring to August
  • repot at the rate of three to five years
Basically, it can be said that the dwarf fruit tree will develop the better the larger the planter in which it grows. Here it is worthwhile not to save on the size.
Tip: When buying the planter make sure that the bottom has an opening so that excess water can drain off.

maintenance

A dwarf fruit tree that has been planted directly in the ground in the garden needs no more care than a conventional fruit tree. It looks a bit different with little trees that grow in the tub. Here, regular fertilization is necessary to ensure an adequate supply of nutrients. In addition, regular giesen is required. If the dwarf fruit tree is on a terrace, one should also be aware that there is normally a different microclimate here than in the garden. Usually it will be warmer and drier there. Consequently, the supply of water is of particular importance. Since dwarf fruit trees can be very sensitive to night frost, it is recommended to overwinter by covering the base of the tree well with the branches of a conifer.

cut

Apple - malus

Like all other fruit trees, dwarf fruit trees have to be cut to last as long as possible. It is always cut before budding, ie until August at the latest. The general rules apply when pruning. In particular, one should note the following:
  • Branches that cut off crosswise, parallel or outward
  • always cut just above a bud
  • Avoid too large cut surfaces or seal with a commercially available sealant
  • cut regularly during the season
In general, it can be said that the dwarf fruit tree has to be cut more often than its big brothers. The regular right cut ensures a decent, visually impressive growth. However, it should be noted that the cut should not negatively affect the yield. From branches the fruit buds or fruits can be worn basically the fingers.
Tip: If you value a lush crown of trees with thick branches, you must not cut them over a long period of time.

harvest

The harvest takes place in the dwarf fruit tree depending on the species and variety in summer and autumn. The deciding factor is always the degree of ripeness of the fruits. Incidentally, dwarf fruit trees can often be harvested for the first time in the first year after planting. Although the yield will be limited, but at least it is much faster than the large relationship. When harvesting, of course, care must be taken that the fruits are removed as carefully as possible and without damaging the branches.

Flexible with dwarf fruit trees

Dwarf fruit trees can be cultivated extremely flexible. Their small size makes it easy to harvest delicious fruit even in the smallest garden or on a miniature terrace. Even the cultivation on the balcony in the city is basically feasible, if there is enough sun there. No wonder then that the dwarf fruit tree is currently in full swing.

Video Board: Planting a Dwarf Fruit Tree and Advantages for the Backyard Garden.

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