The Content Of The Article:
- plant Description
- The range of the dwarf mahonia "Apollo"
- When does the dwarf mahonia "Apollo" bloom?
- Some Mahonia species are presented in detail
- Plant the dwarf mahonia "Apollo"
- How to properly cultivate the dwarf monkey Apollo
- Is the dwarf monarchy "Apollo" poisonous?
The dwarf mahonia "Apollo" is an evergreen, winter hardy shrub that provides admiration with its dense, compact growth and the striking yellow flowers in the garden. In autumn, another highlight is the blue and black berry decoration. Robust and easy to care for, the dwarf mahonia "Apollo" is a perfect enrichment for the garden, whether as a small hedge or in single planting in beds or tubs. Everything worth knowing about the small shrub can be read here.
The dwarf mahonia "Apollo" grows smaller and stouter than the common mahonia, which grows nearly two meters in height. The flowers in turn appear larger and more conspicuous. The yellow flowers ring in the garden year with an intense scent and attract numerous bees and butterflies. The dark blue berries can be processed into compote or wine in late summer. In autumn, the dwarf mahonia "Apollo" impresses with a red-brown leaf color. The up to 80 centimeters high growing dwarf shrub is well suited for planting, as a hedge plant or for the planting of pots.
The range of the dwarf mahonia "Apollo"
Originally the plant comes from the north of America. There are Mahonien between British Columbia and northern California. The plants were named after an American botanist named McMahon. In Europe, mahonia have been known since the 19th century. Even then, mahonia were cultivated as ornamental shrubs. In the south of Europe sporadically feral populations are to be found. The mahonia occurs in about 400 species worldwide.
When does the dwarf mahonia "Apollo" bloom?
Between April and May the dwarf mahonia "Apollo" is in bloom. The large, yellow flowers appear on panicle-like grapes and give off a pleasantly sweet scent. In August, the blue-black fruits appear about ten millimeters in size. The fruits are edible, have many vitamins and a slightly lemony aroma. The berries are preferably processed into juice or wine and jelly.
Some Mahonia species are presented in detail
The Mahonien count to the barberry plants and show a close kinship with the barberry. The dwarf mahonia "Apollo" described here is the widespread plant species. Other representatives of the genus of plants will now be briefly mentioned.
Ordinary mahonia can reach heights of growth of up to 1.80 meters. The yellow flowers appear between March and June. The plant has rich green and leathery leaves, which are lighter colored on their underside. The edge is very wavy.
Dwarf Mahonie "Emerald"
Even the dwarf mahonia "emerald" is only 80 centimeters high, but almost twice as wide in the width. The leaves are of a striking emerald color and the rich yellow flowers appear between April and May. The dwarf mahonia "emerald" is a popular container plant and is also preferably used as groundcover.
Even this mahonie remains on the ground and is a maximum of half a meter high. In March and April fragrant yellow flowers decorate the small shrub. The blue-green leaves seem to be covered with a layer of wax.
The annoying mahonie is about two meters high and owes its name to the clearly appearing veins. Annoying Mahonia have serrated leaf margins and the yellow flowers adorn the shrub between March and June. The grape-shaped inflorescences can have up to 70 single flowers.
Chinese jewelry mahonia
With this mahonie you get home Far Eastern charm. In May, the pale yellow flowers, which spread an intense lily of the valley fragrance. The Chinese jewelery mahonie also cuts a fine figure in the flower vase. For stronger frosts winter protection is required. Probably the most attractive mahonia prefers a location in the semi-shade and thrives as a specimen plant, as well as in the bucket on the terrace.
Plant the dwarf mahonia "Apollo"
Mahonias turn out to be uncomplicated garden plants, even less experienced hobby gardeners can literally do little wrong. In order for the plants to find optimal conditions for them, some things should be considered during planting. It will rarely happen that the dwarf mahonia enters, but growth and flowering suffer from unfavorable site conditions.
Before the site is selected, it is first necessary to learn about the size of the plant.
" Tip: Already during the planting should be considered, which dimensions the plants accept later.
Most dwarf mahonia are about half a meter high, under ideal site conditions often 80 centimeters. The above dimensions must also be taken into account for the growth range. The dwarf monarchy "Apollo" grows quite slowly. Annually, the plant gains about ten inches in height.
Dwarf mahonia is preferably sunny and warm. A location in partial shade is usually tolerated. However, the plants should always receive a few hours of sunshine every day. Too little sun has an adverse effect on growth and flowering. The plants are then less vigorous and healthy and diseases occur more frequently.
Also in terms of location, the Mahonie makes little claims. A permanently moist soil does not get the plant. The substrate should therefore be rather dry. Although heavy soils are generally tolerated, it is advisable to loosen heavy soils and make them permeable by adding sand or gravel to ensure healthy growth and abundant flowering. When planting the soil with compost enriches, low-grained soils and provides the plant with organic long-term fertilizer.
❍ Keep the dwarf mahonia "Apollo" as a container plant
Held in a tub, the dwarf mahonia is a bit more demanding than cultivated specimens in the field. A sunny location is also the better choice here.
" Tip: In a partially shaded place or in full shade, the fluid requirements of the plants are lower.
The substrate should be permeable to avoid waterlogging. Here, conventional potting soil can be mixed with sand or clay granules. Be poured potted plants rich. During the growth phase, the dwarf mahonia regularly receive water. It is poured abundantly and watered until no more water penetrates into the substrate. The next watering takes place only when the soil has dried well.
Danger: Occurring waterlogging quickly leads to root rot.
Fertilizer is administered approximately every four to six weeks during the growth phase. This commercially available liquid fertilizer offers that can be conveniently added to the irrigation water. Even in the bucket dwarf mahonia may overwinter outdoors. The plant may be protected while standing in the shade. On frost-free days, the soil is controlled and the plant may receive some irrigation water.
Pfl Plant the dwarf mahonia "Apollo" - step by step
Dwarf mahonia are sold as container plants. The robust young plants can be brought into the ground in spring and autumn.
- Select location
- Keep planting distance
- Lift the planting hole slightly deeper and wider than the root ball
- Water rootballs
- If necessary, loosen and upgrade the substrate
- Insert plant
- Close planting hole
- Press soil well
- water well
The planting distance should be at least half a meter. Over time, the plant will expand about 50 to 80 centimeters in height, as well as in width. Before planting the root ball is to be intensively watered. For this purpose, the plant can be placed in a larger bucket. A heavy and barren soil is permeable by sand and potsherds. The introduction of compost ensures natural fertilizer. The plants should not be set too low in the ground. The root ball should be only a few centimeters below the surface of the earth.
" Tip: If the dwarf mahonia "Apollo" is planted as a hedge, it is also necessary to keep at least 50 centimeters planting distance.
How to properly cultivate the dwarf monkey Apollo
Watering is especially important for young plants. These are to be watered regularly. Waterlogging should be avoided. If possible, the waterings should be done in the morning.
" Tip: The irrigation water should always hit the ground directly and not be poured over the plants. Moisture on the leaves favors the formation of downy mildew.
Free-range plants usually cover their liquid needs after rainfall by the first year. The casting must not be forgotten, however, when the dwarf mahonia is in the bucket. Container plants should be watered regularly, as they can not supply enough liquid over the ground.
A must is not fertilizing the dwarf mahonia. During the first year of the plant, potted plants should not be fertilized. Subsequently, during the growth phase, between April and September, monthly liquid fertilizer can be given.
" Tip: A welcome fertilizer is compost or Pflanzenjauchen, for example, from stinging nettle or black fern.
Cutting measures are not mandatory. The dwarf mahonia "Apollo", however, is extremely cut compatible.So nothing speaks against reaching for a pair of scissors, especially when the hedge plantation is being considered and a closed and uniform picture is to emerge.
" Tip: Should be cut only after the flowering period. The plants can be cut back to the wood as needed.
The best time for the hedge trimming is the early summer. Even before flowering, dry and frozen wood can be removed after winter. When rejuvenating the entire plant is cut back by 1/3 after flowering.
❍ diseases and pests
Even a robust plant such as the dwarf mahonia "Apollo" is not completely spared from diseases. In contrast, pests hardly occur, which can probably be justified by the toxicity of the plant.
Diseases were observed:
- Wrong mildew
- Powdery mildew
" Wrong mildew
The main reason for the infestation with downy mildew are unfavorable weather conditions. In persistent wet and cool weather, the "bad weather mushroom" occurs preferentially. Downy mildew is easily recognized by a whitish coating that appears on the underside of the leaves. On the upper side of the sheet there is a yellow to brownish stain.
" Tip: Downy mildew is difficult to combat with home remedies. React promptly and remove all affected parts of the plant.
The infection with powdery mildew can occur in prolonged heat and prolonged periods of drought. The "fair-weather mushroom" leaves a flour-like coating, which can cover leaves, flowers and stems. The infestation with powdery mildew is observed particularly often in the barberry, but also affects the related mourning.
" Tip: Against powdery mildew sprays with a milk-water solution help, in the ratio 1: 9. Affected plant parts are to be removed immediately and do not belong to the compost.
The leaves show changes in the form of pustule-like surveys in different colors, the suspicion of a rust disease is close. Affected plant parts are removed to prevent spreading of the infestation.
" Tip: In spring, the fungus results in yellow to orange elevations. In late summer, the pustules then appear more brownish.
The dwarf mahonia "Apollo" can be multiplied in different ways:
- Split root
"Propagation by seeds
Seeds can be harvested from existing plants in the fall. However, the result will not be single-variety plants. This can be achieved by the other propagation methods.
Since it is a cold germ, the seeds can not be sown immediately after harvesting. The seeds are first sprinkled in a bowl of wet sand. The seedbed can be covered or wrapped in foil. Now the seed wanders for several weeks in the refrigerator. Then you can start with the actual application in Aussaaterde. The planter gets a bright and warm location. The seeds need moisture evenly. Germination is expected after about a quarter of a year.
"Propagation by root division
In sufficiently developed plants, the root division may prove to be a quick and uncomplicated method of propagation. For this, the plant is first completely removed from the ground. The root ball is removed from excess soil and cleaned so that it does not come in the subsequent cut to the transmission of germs. Now the root is shared with a spade or a sharp knife. In appropriately well-developed plants, several segments can be obtained. The resulting interfaces should now dry for a few hours. Subsequently, the individual root segments are transplanted separately.
"Propagation by cuttings
For the easy and easy propagation of cuttings late summer or early autumn are the best dates. The cutting is cut in about 15 centimeters in length. The shoot should not yet be completely lignified, this would make rooting difficult. The obtained cuttings are immediately returned to the ground in the field and watered evenly. It is essential to avoid waterlogging. The roots are very sensitive and would start to rot.
"Propagation by runners
This type of propagation lies in the nature of the plant itself. Mahonias form foothills. These are initially created underground, but push to the surface and come to light as new, small plantlets. These can be separated and transplanted.
The dwarf mahonia "Apollo" is very hardy and tolerates temperatures up to - 25 degrees without additional winter protection. Since the plant must not dry out completely in winter, it is advisable to apply foliage or mulch so that the soil does not lose moisture so quickly. To protect the dwarf mahonia is also against blazing winter sun.This can lead to burns on the leaves. On frost-free days, the soil should be checked. If the soil appears dry, watering should be used.
" Tip: If the plant is too dry in winter, the foliage may be thrown off. With this the Mahonie tries to balance her fluid deficit. It should be poured quickly, otherwise the plant dies.
Cultivated in the tub, the shrub is less robust and should be wrapped in winter with garden fleece. A protective layer of brushwood or foliage protects against dehydration of the soil. Again, check the plant frequently and irrigate if necessary on non-frosty days.
Is the dwarf monarchy "Apollo" poisonous?
The answer may be surprising, as we have already said that the berries are edible and can be recommended for jams or juices. In fact, apart from the berries, almost all other parts of the plant are poisonous. Most of the toxins are found in the root. There are also toxins in the stem bark, so rabbits, hamsters and guinea pigs should not have a chance to gnaw at the wood.
" Danger: Infants should not consume the berries when raw, nausea and mild stomach discomfort may result.