Dwarf Pepper: Detect and combat diseases and pests


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Dwarf pepper are relatively robust, but not resistant to diseases and pests. In addition, the plant can also make care mistakes.

Dwarf pepper are relatively resistant

All dwarf pepper species are relatively resistant to pests and diseases. However, the robust plants register care errors and show that with discolored or deciduous leaves or root rot. In winter, too hot and dry heating air can lead to an infection with spider mites and red spiders. But with a little care and attention you get everything under control again. Incorrect care can be corrected and the pests distributed with proven means.

Recognize care mistakes and avoid them

If the peperomia quickly loses many or even all leaves, this can have different causes. Possible candidates:

❍ too much or too little light:

The dwarf pepper needs a bright and sunny location. Direct sunlight is not cheap. So put the plant in a better place.

❍ too much or too little water:

In addition, pour only once a week and ensure a good drain. The leaves also like a high humidity. Occasional spraying with water does them particularly well.

If the dwarf pepper gets too much water and forms permanent waterlogging, root rot occurs. They recognize the disease because the peperomia smells musty and looks weak. Change the soil and remove foul-looking root parts when repotting. Before inserting, the roots must dry well. With luck, the plant will recover.

❍ nutrient deficiency:

The dwarf pepper generally needs only little nutrients. In the growth phase from spring to autumn, you should provide it once a month with a liquid fertilizer. This will solve any nutrient deficiencies.

❍ leaf discoloration:

Black stained leaves will appear if you use a leaf gloss spray. On the upper sides of the leaves are small stomata that stick the spray. As a result, the leaves turn black and die. Higher leaf discolorations, however, are usually an indication of pest infestation.

So that it does not even come to any problems with the Peperomia, here are some important tips on how to properly care for the dwarf pepper.

Spider mites and red spiders detect and fight

The pests often spread with warm and very dry heating air. They recognize the spider mite infestation on gossamer, white webs in the leaf axes and on the leaf margins. Dried and discolored leaves also appear.

Red spiders cover the whole leaves with a fine web. The leaves turn yellow, brown or coppery. On the leaves you can also see small spots that may be white or yellowish.

➜ This helps against the pests:

Shower off the affected plant thoroughly. Also on the leaf undersides. Then put the dwarf pepper still wet in a plastic bag and seal the bag airtight. The plant should then stay in this package for several days in a warm place. The resulting humidity creates a kind of sauna effect, which causes most pests to die.

As a precaution, spray the Peperomia with lime-free, lukewarm water every week. This creates a higher humidity, which has a deterrent effect on the parasites.

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