The Content Of The Article:
- to water
- To cut
- Diseases and pests
- Frequently asked questions
- Worth knowing about the Zwergweide shortly
The dwarf willow, Salix arbuscula is undemanding, uncomplicated in care and hardy. This makes it a perfect alternative to the lush weeping willow even for smaller gardens, especially as it can even be kept in a bucket. Optically, Salix arbuscula is just as appealing as the weeping willow, but it can even be kept on the balcony or the terrace, as it retains manageable dimensions in terms of size and height and can also cope with a hefty pruning.
LocationDwarf willows have a very high demand for light. When choosing the location you should consider that. If the dwarf pasture is placed in a shady or partially shaded location, it can easily show only a shallower foliage. A sunny or at least partially shaded location is optimal.
The most important site claims:
- bright location
- sunny or at least partially shady location
- a shady location leads to sparse foliage
substratumIn general, Salix arbuscula is also relatively undemanding in the substrate. Normal garden soil is enough for the plant to thrive. However, the soil should be loose and nutritious and also able to store well water. If the dwarf grazing is free in the garden, it makes sense to mulch the soil regularly. In addition, you do the pasture a favor when the soil is regularly enriched with compost. On the other hand, if the dwarf willow is in the bucket, then it should be kept in a high-quality bucket soil interspersed with mulch.
repottingThe repotting of the dwarf pasture is straightforward. If the bucket is no longer sufficiently large or the location in the garden is unsuitable in the long term, the pasture can be transplanted into a sufficiently large hole, which should be three times as deep and as wide as the root ball, with a suitable substrate. If the dwarf grazing is already relatively large, the repotting is a bit more complicated, because it has now formed a large root ball, which should be as harmless as possible. Within the first three years, it is sufficient for the young plant to stub the roots around the roots at a distance of one meter. Then the plant should be prepared by first digging a ditch around the trunk and filling it with compost. After about six months, the dwarf willow is ready to move. By doing so, you can support the development of fine roots in older plants, which promotes growth in a new location.
Ideal potting conditions:
- young plants can easily be repotted into larger containers
- older plants should be prepared by digging a trench for six months.
- the new planting hole should be three times as wide and tall as the root
to waterThe casting is uncomplicated in the Zwergweide. If the dwarf willow is settled in the garden and the soil is sufficiently mulched, then it needs no regular watering. Only in hot months should be poured as needed. Young plants, which are not yet fixed in the soil, require regular watering just like plants in container culture, as well as plants that stand in substrate without mulch. The plant most appreciates lime-free and soft rainwater or alternatively stale tap water.
Tip: If there is prolonged dryness and you want to save water while pouring, you should draw a narrow ditch around the pasture. This so-called pouring edge ensures that the roots are better cared for and so water can be saved.
FertilizeLike watering, fertilization is limited in Salix arbuscula. Bucket or container plants naturally have fewer nutrients available due to less substrate and should be fertilized regularly. It makes sense to use a liquid fertilizer for ornamental shrubs every four to six weeks, which supplies the necessary nutrients. When the pasture is free in the garden, the roots have the opportunity to spread and absorb more nutrients. That's why less fertilizer needs to be used. Just when mulch was still mixed into the substrate, the fertilizer requirement is reduced enormously. Fertilizing once in the spring and again in the summer makes sense. Again, a liquid fertilizer for shrubs and trees can be used.
Tip: From September, the pasture should no longer be fertilized. Otherwise, the branches can not mature enough and they may not survive the winter without damage.
To cutUnlike many other trees, you can not only clear the dwarf willow in February or March, but also prune it back by a third or half, without adversely affecting the growth habit. In order to maintain a beautiful shape, a cut should be made from once after the shoot or in autumn, in which only the new shoot is easily cut back. The best tool for cutting is a hedge trimmer.So that the dwarf pasture keeps a perfect shape throughout the year, it has to be cut in between in summer because it grows very fast. The dwarf grazing makes most of the work in the entire care during the cut. Caution is required from March to September, because it could bird nests are in the pasture!
overwinterAn adult plant is frost hardy and survives the winter independently and without support. Usually it is therefore not necessary to protect the plant against cold. The Zwergweide as young plant as well as in the bucket needs however a protection in hard winters. The insulation can be implemented using garden fleece, brushwood, straw or even boards. Film should not be used as cold insulation, as it does not allow sufficient air exchange.
multiplyThe propagation of the dwarf grazing takes place by means of cuttings. For this one uses in spring or summer some shoots of the plant, which are obtained during the cut. The shoots should be 15 to 20 cm long and cleanly separated. An oblique cut with a large surface favors rooting. The shoots are placed in a dark, opaque container filled with water about three fingers wide. Then you put the cuttings bright and moderately warm on the windowsill or in the conservatory. After a few weeks, individual roots and new leaves show up. Then the cuttings can be planted in potting soil. It is perfect to keep the cuttings in the bucket for the first two to three years. In addition, the young cuttings must be overwintered during this time frost-free and safe.
Diseases and pestsSalix arbuscula is very robust in itself. Exceptions are fungal attacks such as rust or the so-called willow anthracnose and the willow leaf beetle, which can infest the pasture. The infestation by the willow leaf beetle can be detected by eating traces to the complete baldness of the pasture. In addition, the beetle leaves orange ovipositions. The beetles are eaten by birds like, so that even a bald eaten pasture can regenerate completely without further support. Those who want to stop the infestation by the beetle faster, can fall back on insecticides. A regular control of the pasture on beetles or oviposition offers the possibility to quickly stop the infestation.
When fungal infection is withered leaves or brown and black discoloration. Here, the affected areas must be generously removed and, above all, destroyed. On the compost, the parts may not reach the suppression of distribution. Thereafter, a fungicide is used to prevent the fungal infection.
Frequently asked questions
- Is the dwarf willow poisonous?
- What do dwarf willows fit in the garden?
Worth knowing about the Zwergweide shortly
- Of the approximately 300 known willow species, not a few occur in arctic or alpine zones.
- The adaptation to unfavorable site and climatic conditions also led to deciduous or shrubby growth in numerous willow species.
- In the Arctic-Alpine zones of Europe alone there are around 30 dwarf Salix species, some of them circumpolar.
- Apart from a few exceptions, dwarf willow trees in the garden are not yet widespread.
- In a similar environment, in heath, stone and trough gardens, some species are very decorative, almost indispensable.
- Others have already proved their value as ground cover. In addition, dwarf willows are currently being refined on high trees.
- Most willow species are able to assert themselves under very different location determinations.
- All pastures are in need of light. When selecting the planting site, this site claim must be satisfied.
- In shady or absonnigen places lose all pastures quickly their natural habitus, they build up more loosely and are sparsely leafy.
- In the rock garden dwarf willows are especially welcome, which closely cling to the respective underlay with their mat-shaped growth. They are ideal partners of alpine perennials.
- In larger rockeries, the slightly tall, shrubby species from subalpine or subarctic zones find their place.
- The same species are usually used for the planting of larger and smaller troughs.
- Krautweide: with subterranean, initially not woody foothills, the above-ground branches as thin short shoots with few leaves.The Krautweide is only 5 cm high and because it thrives in dry locations, it is suitable for the trough planting as well as for the rock garden planting.
- Netzweide: Branches are pressed on the ground and rooted, the shoots are relatively thick, bare and with large buds. The net willow thrives in fresh locations, in rockeries and in troughs, which are kept sufficiently moist. With the strange leaf a very distinctive, decorative dwarf willow.
- Alpine pasture: the alpine pasture is a low shrub with the branches and ascending shoots pressed to the ground. The alpine pasture is ideal for stone and trough gardens.
- Bäumchenweide: the Bäumchenweide is a richly branched and dense shrub, 30 to 50 cm high and of different shape, upright, bushy or low lying. The dwarf willow is suitable for the individual position in stone and heath gardens. She loves moist to dry places and prefers nutrient-rich soils.
- Spießweide: The Spießweide is a up to 1 m high and also strongly branched shrub with dark gray shoots and bare buds. The Spießweide is a very decorative pasture for the individual position in stone and heath gardens, it grows on moist to fresh places, on acidic and calcareous soils.