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For many botanists, the characteristic growth form reminds of the structure of the flowers of a rose. But unlike the cut rose, echeveria show up all year round in their full glory. Their thick, fleshy leaves shine in a wide variety of colors. Some exotics bloom with red, orange or yellow flowers over the plant and in other representatives the leaves are hairy or covered with a waxy layer. Many echeverias are sensitive to frost and not hardy. Nevertheless, they are relatively easy to maintain.
Well-known and popular species
The fleshy leaves of Echeveria are quite colorful and characteristic of the thick leaves. The palette of colors ranges from yellow, orange, reddish to slightly pink tones. A delicate purple, greyish green and almost black are also conceivable colors. All leaves are arranged in a rosette. Tip: You should handle the leaves carefully. Because they break off very quickly at the point of attachment.
Echeveria need a warm, sunny to partially shaded location for healthy growth. If they stay outdoors in the summer, rain cover should be provided. The desert plants store in the growth phase in their roots, stems and leaves water. As a result, they survive longer periods of drought. The dry periods have the advantage that the growth habit is promoted and the leaves stain vigorously. If the thick leaves are excessively watered, they will grow unnaturally and may rot. Please only pour from below, so that the leaves get no moisture.
Tropical echeveria should be regularly transplanted into well drained and sandy soil. The ideal time is spring. Do not repot in flowering or rest. The plants are still quite young, can be repotted annually in the spring. Older plants are placed in a larger pot every two years. Tip: If you put a thin layer of pebbles after repotting the surface of the bale, you will prevent the bottom leaves of your exotic favorite from rotting through the damp substrate.
The succulent plant forms a stemless, dense rosette with a diameter of up to 10 cm. The evergreen can stand outdoors when temperatures exceed 15° C. However, it does not tolerate temperatures below 5° C. Echeveria elegans needs direct sunlight for at least one hour a day. Below the spatulate leaves it drifts on foothills offshoot and develops nationwide. The easy-care plant only needs to be watered when it is very warm and the soil is dry. Often enough, a watering about every four weeks. For fertilization, a low-nitrogen fertilizer is used, which is given every 15 to 20 days. As substrate we recommend sandy, soft soil with good drainage.
As one of the most charming houseplants, the leaves glow in a warm salmon-colored to pale red tone, and the fleshy leaves are obtuse, long and usually overrun with a dull reddish tone. To get to a height of about 30 cm, the exotic needs plenty of sun and a well-drained and nutrient-rich soil. Temperatures below twelve degrees can tolerate the plant as well as waterlogging by pouring. Therefore, it should be poured only moderately in summer and hardly in winter. The Mexican plant can be easily multiplied by division.
This southern pacific plant grows up to 30 cm high and convinces with a dense white coat. Underneath the undemanding plant there are numerous forms that are more or less hairy. The exotic feels most comfortable in a sunny and bright spot. If the plant is too dark, the shoots face the light. The result is long thin shoots that can easily break off. The optimal substrate contains mineral components and is well-drained. Between the penetrating pours, the succulent plant needs time to dry out. Excess water in the coaster should be removed to prevent waterlogging. The Echeveria pulvinata likes to spend the summer outdoors. Then, however, without saucer, so that rainwater can flow away unhindered. At permanently low temperatures, she is brought back into the house and enjoys the winter in a very bright location. Pour little in winter. The propagation takes place via leaf cuttings or rosettes.
As one of the few Echeveria species, the stemless plant feels comfortable in a partially shaded place, where it only reaches the direct sun during the coolest hours of the day. This sturdy succulent plant can live without water for a long time. The watering is recommended every four to five weeks. The more the temperatures go down, the less watering is needed.However, the thermometer must not fall below 15° C. At the latest then the plant should be in the house. It develops creeping and area-wide. The substrate consists of one part of sand and three parts of earth. It is advisable to strengthen the drainage. Echeveria setosa are repotted every two to three years and treated with a broad spectrum insect repellent by the end of winter. Thus fungal diseases and pest infestation are prevented.
This Mexican succulent is a true sunbather and likes it warm. It needs a lot of water in spring and summer. On the other hand, it should be watered sparingly in winter. Because the plant stores water, from which it consumes in the winter months.
frequently asked Questions
- Echeveria elegans has entered / rotted. Why is that? - On the one hand it could be that the plant was poured too often and it had constantly wet roots. The plant can be poured while penetrating, but should always dry again. On the other hand, this is sometimes due to the wrong substrate or the lack of drainage.
- I have mealybugs in my echeveria. What to do? - Since the leaves are fairly dense in most echeveria, they provide optimal shelter for mealybugs. Unfortunately, these are often only recognized when the plant is already badly damaged. Remedy is a soaked in alcohol sharp brush, with which the lice are dabbed directly.
- Echeveria are thick-leafed plants with mostly fleshy leaves, which are arranged spirally in rosettes.
- The individual species have quite different flowers in many different colors.
- The plants are usually evergreen, differ in size, appearance, leaf coloration and tissue structure.
- The propagation of echinia is usually done by seeds.
- The individual species can also be propagated by shoots, head cuttings or well-matured leaves.
- Echeveria need a warm, bright, sunny to a half shade position.
- If you put them outdoors in the summer, they should get protection against rain.
The soil should be very permeable and porous. A mixture of three to four parts of compost soil and one part of coarse sand is best. Drainage in the planter makes sense. It is used to pebbles or potsherds. In order to protect the bottom leaves of the echeveria from moisture by wet soil, it is also possible to apply a layer of very fine pebbles or perlite to the surface of the earth.
During the growing season one pours regularly once or twice a week. Waterlogging is essential to avoid. The plants can store moisture in their leaves and give it off in drought. So they survive longer dry periods completely unscathed. When pouring, you must not pour into the heart of the rosette, otherwise it can happen that the plants rot. The felt-leaved varieties are particularly sensitive.