The Content Of The Article:
- Water the echeverie properly
- Feed the echeveria properly
- Cutting echeveria - is that necessary?
- Detect diseases and pests
- Overwintering Echeveria - What to Remember?
The Echeverie is a very frugal plant that hardly makes any work. However, there are some peculiarities that you should know about taking care of the Echeverie.
The Echeverie is very suitable as a beginner plant. The robust exotics do not take any care mistake immediately. Diseases and pests are rarely a problem. The extremely large biodiversity fascinates every hobby gardener. The thick-leafed plants occur in about 200 species. Different shaped and grained leaves and pretty bell-shaped flowers are an incentive to reserve the Echeverie a place on the flower window or in the summer on the balcony or terrace.
What is to be considered in the care of succulents, we reveal below.
Water the echeverie properly
Those who do not really care about casting often have poor maps of their houseplants. Echeveria, on the other hand, is a true survivalist, as the plants store the water in their leaves and are therefore able to cope well with longer dry periods. Casting is rather moderate during the growing season. The earth should only appear superficially moist. Before the next watering, the soil may be well dried.
Who pours the plants too much risks the occurrence of waterlogging. The echeveria will then not be able to develop their typical growth habit, grow rather bulky and eventually rot.
" Tip: The leaves of the plant should not get water. Water stains can lead to rot.
Most Echeverie species grow stemless and take with their leaf rosettes not infrequently the entire planter. Inevitably, the leaves come in contact with the irrigation water. Therefore, it is advisable to water the plants only from below. The plant is placed in a shallow and water-filled coaster for about half an hour. The coaster is then removed again. If the plant were permanently in the water, it would quickly lead to root rot.
" Tip: In the winter months, only enough water is administered that the soil does not dry out completely.
As long as the irrigation water is not too calcareous, tap water can be used to pour the echeveria. Preferably, the plants should be watered with rainwater. In many plants, high levels of humidity are caused by frequent spraying or the installation of humidifiers. Echeveria can cope well with low humidity.
- pour moderately
- Earth is allowed to dry between waterings
- Leaves must not be wetted
- Plants preferably pour from below
- hardly water in winter
- low air humidity is tolerated
Feed the echeveria properly
During the growing season, echeveria can receive weakly concentrated cactus fertilizer (my recommendation: substrate cactus food). Fertilization is possible between April and September at monthly intervals.
After planting or transplanting in the first year no fertilizer inputs are necessary. The earth is sufficiently enriched with nutrients. There is no need to use commercial fertilizer. The plants are also happy about compost, a stinging nettle or the water from the garden pond.
- use weakly concentrated cactus fertilizer
- Fertilization between April and September possible
- pause for four to eight weeks between each fertilizer
Cutting echeveria - is that necessary?
The succulents do not demand regular cutting. The gardener should not lose sight of the plants. It is always important to look for wilted or dried plant parts. These are to be removed as they rob the plant of unnecessary strength and thereby prevent them from growing.
" Tip: It is not mandatory to use a pair of scissors. The withered leaves or inflorescences can be removed with a strong jerk with your hands. This has the advantage that no unsightly residues remain on the plant, the bacteria provide an inlet gate and promote the decay of the plant.
Detect diseases and pests
Echeveria is robust and rarely infested with diseases or pests. Nursing mistakes are often the reason that the leaves grow shapeless, fall off or the whole plant begins to rot.
Especially in the winter months, it can come to the occurrence of pest infestation. In this case, scavenger lice are one of the most common pests, which make the Echeverie tampering.
" Tip: Low humidity promotes the appearance of mealybugs.
❍ How do I recognize mealybugs?
The pests are not difficult to identify, because they surround a kind of cotton ball, which is not overlooked. Woll lice can occur on all plant parts.The pests grow up to five millimeters in size.
❍ How to combat mealybugs?
The Echeverie tolerates dry indoor air. However, it should not be forgotten to air regularly. If it came to infestation, the lice should be removed immediately. This can be done with paper towels, with cotton wool or with wooden sticks. The cotton buds can be soaked in alcohol. The liquid dissolves the wax layer of the pests.
Overwintering Echeveria - What to Remember?
Between October and March, the plants need a rest period. This should be granted in a sunny and bright location. Ranging to temperatures of five to ten degrees, chances are good that the plant will flower next year. The soil must not dry out completely and is only sporadically irrigated.
" Tip: After hibernation, the plants must be slowly acclimated to the sunlight outdoors. Radical resettlement on the balcony or terrace can result in burning leaves.