Planting echeveria - tips and instructions for the succulents

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If you like succulents, you can not miss Echeverie. As and where she is gepaflanzt, we reveal in our little guide.

Plant echeveria

The Echeverie spreads as a decorative thick-leaf plant Mediterranean charm. A special eye-catcher are the leaf rosettes, which can have different colors and shapes. A special pleasure for every hobby gardener are the pretty flowers, which produce some species. In order for the decorative plant to develop well, it needs the appropriate "start in life" and this begins with the planting. Learn how you can help these beautiful exotics to grow and thrive with the right choice of location and substrate.

Plant description and distribution area

These are evergreen, perennial succulents. The echeveria is particularly rich in species and there are different sized and differently colored leaf rosettes. The thick-bodied leaves are usually arranged without stem. Some species also grow as shrubs. The succulents can have pink, orange or red flowers. Some species also bloom green or yellowish.

The natural range of echeveria is to be found in Central and South America. Particularly widespread are the plants in Mexico or Texas. There, the succulents grow at altitudes up to 3,000 meters. In Chile and Brazil, however, the plants do not occur.

Finding the right location

The Echeverie is a sun child. She loves a bright location and gets along well with direct sunlight. Too dark a location acknowledges the plant with leaf deformation and leaf fall. The plants are allowed to stand all year round at the full sun south window.

➔ Tip: Echeverie should receive at least three hours of sun every day.

In summer, the plants are allowed to move to the garden. Here, too, the sun is desired. The echeveria should not be placed in the shade of other plants. Also, a location near water bodies or gutters is not optimal, because the plants are sensitive to moisture.

Which location promotes flower formation?

If you want to enjoy the flowers of his Echeverie, you should choose a not too warm winter quarter - about ten degrees are optimal. If the temperatures are still a bit lower, the prospects for a flowerage in the following year increase.

➔ Tip: Plants that spend the summer in the garden are allowed to stay outdoors until late autumn and are brought into the house before the first frosts.

The ideal location in keywords:

  • bright
  • sunny
  • dry
  • cool winter conditions promote flowering

Select the ideal substrate

Echeveria needs a nutrient-rich substrate. Important for a good prosperity are also mineral components. Very important is the water permeability of the substrate. It must be absolutely avoided that irrigation water accumulates in the planter. Waterlogging is not tolerated by the plants that are used to a dry environment.

The substrate can be made more permeable by the admixture of gravel, lava granules or quartz sand. Cactus clay is very well suited for the Echeverie. So that the rosettes do not rot or mold due to lying on the substrate, it is advisable to apply a layer of gravel or bird sand to the substrate.

The suitable substrate can be found in keywords:

  • relaxed
  • nutritious
  • permeable
  • mineral

Plant the echeveria - step by step

  1. Select planter
  2. Prepare the substrate
  3. Lay drainage
  4. Fill substrate

  1. Insert plant
  2. Fill the substrate
  3. Apply layer of gravel or sand
  4. Water the plant gently

The planter does not have to be overly lush. The plants grow rather slowly and also take with a shallow planter vorlieb. Before the substrate is filled into the planter, a drainage of gravel or potsherds should be placed over the drain holes of the plant pot. This ensures that the water can drain better and does not jam irrigation water in the planter.

Planting echeveria - all facts at a glance

site selection▶ The location should be bright and sunny.
▶ The plants tolerate bright midday sun and can be placed on the south window.
▶ The summer can be spent outdoors.
▶ A cooler winter climate stimulates flowering.
substrate selection▶ The substrate should be loose, so that the irrigation water can always drain well and that it does not get waterlogged.
▶ Very suitable is cactus clay, which is mixed with sand or clay granules.
planting operation▶ The planter can also be smaller.
▶ The roots do not spread too far into the depths and therefore planters are also well suited.
▶ Before the substrate is filled, a drainage must be considered.
▶ This consists of gravel or potsherds, which are placed on the bottom of the vessel and help prevent waterlogging.

Plant the echeverie outdoors - is that possible?

The Echeverie is allowed to spend the summer outdoors. During this time, the succulent plant can also be set outdoors. The plants are not hardy and must therefore be dug up in the fall in any case. This is made easier by placing the echeveria directly in the planting basket in the soil or using the bucket attitude.

Keep the echeverie in the bucket

In the bucket, the echeverie outdoors is particularly decorative. There is no need to choose a large planter. A smaller planter is sufficient. In any case, make sure that the irrigation water runs well and that rainwater does not build up in the planter. A covered location is therefore advisable. This allows you to better control the fluid balance. Drainage of gravel or potsherds protects against waterlogging.

What should be considered when repotting?

Young plants grow relatively quickly and can move to a larger planter every spring. Older plants should be transplanted approximately every three years. This does not necessarily happen because they threaten to burst the size of the plant pot by their vigor. The substrate will wear out over time and should therefore be completely replaced as part of the transplanting process.

➔ Tip: Low growing echeveria are particularly decorative in a plant bowl.

When transplanting, make sure not to put the plants deeper into the soil than they originally were. This could lead to rot. If the substrate is covered with sand, the water can run better and the lower leaves of the stemless species are protected from rot.

➔ Tip: Some species have the formation of aerial roots. Consequently, the plants do not need to be repotted when roots appear on the surface.

Repotting means stress for every plant. However, the echeveria will recover quickly if the transplanting process was done carefully and the roots were spared. In order for the plant to recover as quickly as possible, you should choose a shady location for about two weeks after repotting and expose the plant to the blazing sun only after this adaptation period.

Video Board: Succulent Tips for Beginners // Garden Answer.

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