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The coneflower of the daisy family is also under the botanical name Echinacea offered. This name comes from the ancient Greek word for sea urchin and thus probably refers to the spiny sprout leaves.
The sun hat comes from the eastern and central North America. Among the echinaceae include these varieties:
- yellow sun hat
- purple sun hat
- rough sun hat
- narrow-leaved sun hat
Location for the coneflower (Echinacea)
In his native America the coneflower is found mainly in the warm regions. Indiana, Michigan or Illinois are just a few. Here it is mainly found in open forests, sometimes the location is more rocky or in prairies. He particularly enjoys growing near waterways and at heights between 10 meters and 400 meters.
In the garden, the sun hat represents a perennial that looks a bit like a marguerite and is therefore often planted in cottage gardens. Together with the perennials usually found there, Larkspur, Phlox or Hydrangea, the coneflower looks very beautiful in every possible variety and color. In addition, it can be planted very well with ornamental grasses, with herbs or lavender and also with ball thistles or the flaming flower. This not only shows how diverse the sun hat is by its appearance, but also lets you guess how popular it makes him. As long as his location is sunny, he can be cultivated in multiple design. A few beautiful varieties, all of which show their flowers between July and September:
- Echinacea coral red filled "Coral Reef", 70-80 cm high
- Echinacea orange / yellow "Flame Thrower", 90-100 cm high
- Echinacea white "Fragrant Angel", 80-100 cm high
- Echinacea yellow "yellow sun hat", 50-65 cm high
Care and propagation of the sun hat
If you want to enrich your garden by a sun hat plant, it can indeed be sown, but usually it comes as a small seedling in the pot in the garden. So it is available in the garden trade and should be planted in the period between September and November. For this, of course, a half-shady to sunny location to choose, because that is inherently his predilection. The more sun he gets in his place, the more flowers the plant produces. Nevertheless, he is frugal in terms of water consumption. Once a sun hat is in the garden, it can also be propagated by dividing the root ball. In the same way he can walk from one garden to another, in exchange, as it were. However, this should be done only at intervals of four or five years, so that the sun hat can recover in the meantime again. This is also the time when generally the bloom subsides.
In spring, the sun hat should be prepared for the next growing season. For this he gets a portion of compost as fertilizer. If you want, the plant can cut back at this time, it is definitely advisable to do this after flowering. This stimulates the further growth of flowers. For the winter the sun hat needs no special protection measures. It is frost hardy and can stop in place, but should be cut back to the ground.
Particularly popular is the red sun hat, also called purple sun hat. He impresses with his large purple petals, which sit on about 120 cm high stems. These bright blooms show up from August until autumn, where it complements the autumnal bed and the garden to match the leaf colors. Tip: The sun hat is a cold germ, which can be sown in winter.
Pest infestation at the sun hat
Even though the coneflower is a robust plant and will not be attacked by pests so quickly, it is also powerless against one: it is favored by nudibranchs.These infest him especially as a young plant or as a fresh bud in the spring. A general caution and appropriate measures are therefore appropriate. In addition to the snails, mildew could occur, but this can occur only at the end of flowering and at this time represents only a visual defect. The plant itself he can not harm at this time. Many a gardener has found that his Echinacea particularly likes to attract voles. That's why you should be very careful here.
Worth knowing about the sun hat shortly
Sun hat (Echinacea and Rudbeckia fulgida) belongs to the large family of the daisy family. The family members include both ornamental plants and medicinal plants, which also clearly reflects the scientific name. If one speaks of the medicinal plant Sonnenhut, one means the Echinacea. Both family members, however, are known for their colorful and long-lasting flowering in the gardens as a loving splash of color. The blossom of the sunhat is similar to that of the marguerite. Only the bottom of the basket in the middle is conical, while the marguerite is flat. All around are brightly colored petals that can range from yellow to patterns to a dark pink.
Sun hat as a medicinal plant
The healing effect of the sun hat is wide-ranging and many people swear by the sun hat as the home remedy in the cold period. He is supposed to help very well against colds and flu infections. Since you know the healing effect, it is also recommended to take Echinacea in the cold and wet season as a preventative measure. However, conventional medicine partially denies the healing effect. Pharmacies and drugstores offer appropriate dosage forms. However, the sun hat can do even more, it also helps with minor burns and supports the general healing power. Its anti-inflammatory effect and the stimulation of the body's own defenses also characterize it as in the rapid healing of abscesses.
Care of the sunhat
- In native gardens, including mine, the sun hat prefers to grow in the sun, in a flowerbed to the south.
- He loves direct sunlight, he also thrives in partial shade, but not quite as lush.
- The flowers are between 30 and 60 cm high, and with regular care (pouring and cutting back of the decayed flowers) it blooms colorful the whole summer, until the fall.
- The sun hat multiplies over subterranean foothills, so that one should always make sure that it does not begin to proliferate.
- However, its vigor is not nearly as persistent as that of melissa or peppermint.
The old medicinal plant Sonnenhut is and was particularly appreciated by the Indians in North America. This ethnic group has always used the medicinal plant for typical colds such as sore throats, melanitis, coughing, etc. Today we use commercially available echinacea products in the trade, or use our own medicinal plant from the garden. The plant parts above the ground can all be used. Either you dry the sunhat and brew it to a tea, or squeeze out the sun hat and use the juice. However, due to the untested toxicity, pregnant women and allergy sufferers should be aware of taking echinacea as a precautionary measure.