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It is surprisingly colorful, the fascinating world of Echinopsis cacti. When they unfold their magnificent flowers in the summer, from which a lovely scent flows, they are in no way inferior to the classic summer flowers. It is the exciting combination of spiky dress and flower splendor that kindles the passion for collecting in so many hobby gardeners. Familiarize yourself with the most beautiful species and varieties that the South American cactus plants offer. Practical care tips also pave the way for beginners to successfully cultivate Echinopsis cacti.
The vernacular dubbed the Echinopsis like a peasant cactus. In earlier years, flowering specimens were often to be found on the windowsills of diligent brickwomen who did not have much time for elaborate flower care, but did not want to miss out on a little colorful variety. It is easy to conclude that Echinopsis cacti are among the most frugal specimens among prickly succulents. The following tips for care show what is important.
The closer the site conditions are to the climatic conditions of their South American homeland, the more opulent Echinopsis develop. Ideally, a suitable window seat or in summer a place on the balcony are available. Thanks to their green plant body, the succulents can tolerate a few hours of sunshine:
- Optimal is an east or west window
- Maximum 80-100 inches from the window
- From May to September on the sunny balcony
- As possible protected from raining rain
Substrate lovers can discuss passionate cactus lovers for hours. Over the years, experts develop their own individual mixtures. As a rule of thumb, the best cactus soil is well drained, not compacted, and gradually releases the absorbed nutrients and water back to the roots. The following recipes have proven themselves:
- 30-60 percent commercial cactus clay, mixed with mineral components
- Suitable additions are pumice, lava, vermiculite, coconut fiber, perlite and sand
Tip: Cactus substrate with a pH greater than 7 is deadly to any Echinopsis. It is therefore recommended to use a simple pH test before using a new mixture.
Pouring and fertilizing
A key feature of cacti is the enormous water storage to which they are capable as succulents. In accordance with this, the watering preferably takes place according to this rhythm:
- From March spray Echinopsis occasionally with water
- Until May increase the amount of water gradually
- Pour alternately pervasively and allow to dry well
- From September reduce the amount of water again until it ends perfectly in winter quarters
Tip: Ideally, collected rainwater is available for watering cacti. Hard tap water should be softened beforehand to a pH of 5.5 to 6.5.
For a farmer's cactus to develop its pretty flowers, it needs a balanced nutrient supply. The specialized trade offers special liquid fertilizers, which are exactly tailored to the needs. Give this supplement every one to two weeks from May to September.
Beautiful species and varieties
Located in Argentina, this species enchants the summery balcony with a pink-white flower on the stalk, which is up to 25 centimeters long. Your pretty strong thorns make necessary maintenance work to a gauntlet course.
The dramatic habit is characterized by up to 18 centimeters long, curved thorns. The spherical plant body reaches a height of 30 centimeters. Above it rises a beautiful flower in white, pink, yellow or red.
With a stature height of up to 1 meter and a lush branching, these farmers cacti claim a lot of space. While most species and varieties develop star-shaped flowers, these present rather funnel-shaped to bell-shaped in rich pink.
With a stature height of 4 to 6 centimeters, this cactus comes as a tiny. Nevertheless, he presents a pretty yellow-orange flower that flaunts during the day. This species is therefore the perfect candidate to introduce interested children to the topic.
Echinopsis backebergii var. Winteriana
Since this species does not sprout, it thrives best in small pots and flowers in beautiful pink with a white throat. If you would like to try sowing Echinopsis, this specimen will work very well. Within 3-5 days the germination begins here.
If you want a peasant cactus with cushion-forming character, meet the perfect aspirant here. With a stature height of 5 centimeters, join numerous balls with a diameter of 3-4 centimeters to each other. Dainty flowers in red or yellow decorate the appearance in summer.
One of the largest species reaches a height of 3 meters with good care at the right location and produces flowers with a diameter of 25 centimeters. The 4 centimeters long thorns should not be underestimated.
- Sonata: outside white, inside pink with a diameter of 10 centimeters
- Cardinal: pink with purple border and pink central stripe
- Bellissima: bright white blossom with magenta stripes
- Arabelle: spectacular with a reddish-yellow center, carmine-colored border and yellowish central stripe
They are the gems among the Echinopsis cacti. Developed by the hand of the famous breeder Bob Schick, these varieties are traded worldwide with high sums. Beautiful specimens are:
- Daydream: bicolor blossom in yellow-orange and pink with dark-pink center stripe
- Coquette: light yellow, wonderfully fragrant flowers over a round plant body
- Consolation: yellow, outward into pink flowering over barrel-shaped plant body
- Elegant lady: inside white flower, running to the edge in pink purple
- Lipstick: glamorous shiny petals in bright red
For hobby gardeners interested in the cactus culture, Echinopsis are an excellent choice for launching. Undemanding in the care, robust in the constitution and endowed with a beautiful flower, this genus often marks the beginning of a long friendship. Those who are passionate about collecting will find a multitude of spectacular species and varieties within the large family of farm cacti.