Edible plants - these can be found in Germany in the forest


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Edible plants - these can be found in Germany in the forest: edible

Wild herbs and wild vegetables enrich the diet of many people increase and many of these delicacies are also found in the forest or at the edge of the forest. In the forest, edible plants can be found almost all year round, even with a closed blanket of snow, trees with their buds provide little tidbits that not only appreciate animals but can also be part of salads. Basically, however, it is always important to take only the plants that you can actually identify or determine when collecting, and only to take as much of nature as you need.

Delicious on the forest path

The forest path is a treasure trove for edible plants, because it is usually more light-flooded than those places with dense trees, which is why some plants are found here, which also grow in the meadow. However, the fact that they receive significantly less light, however, can lead to a slightly different appearance, such as having a lighter green or generally a smaller habit. However, the plants are still edible and do not lose their taste.

Common plants on the forest path

  • Widespread (Plantago major): The plantain is a typical plant, which feels particularly well on shady and wet forest trails. Only by the Roman conquerors the Breitwegerich came to the north and came with the settlers to America, where it was called by the Indians as "footprint of the white man", since it actually only grows on ways. The plantain is readily recognizable by its broad ovate leaves and its inflorescence, which resembles an ear of corn. The broad leaves can be used to make the young leaves - older leaves should in any case be freed from the leaf veins and used only cut small. The inflorescence that does not flower tastes of mushroom and can be used fresh or, for example, sweet-and-sour.
  • Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale): The dandelion is mistakenly often considered toxic because of its white milk sap, but all parts of the plant can be eaten without hesitation. The dandelion is ugly often referred to as "Pissblume", as it is said in folk medicine, a diuretic effect. The dandelion is recognizable by its strongly serrated elongated leaves, which are completely smooth and not hairy compared to other species that are mistaken for the dandelion. In addition, the dandelion forms a rosette of bracts and spreads its leaves only slightly above the ground. Can be used the entire plant including the root. This can be roasted and ground to drink as a substitute coffee. The leaves are slightly bitter, which is due to the high proportion of bitter substances, but can be eaten without any problems to any game vegetable dish. Closed buds are often roasted or sweet-and-sour. The flower is also collected in the spring and processed into the well-known dandelion honey.
Tip: As in the collection of flowering wild herbs in the meadow applies also in the forest or on forest roads, the flowers possible to gather in plenty of sun, as they are then the most aromatic.

Delicious shrubs

Especially at the edge of the forest there are numerous bushes that promise a rich harvest in autumn. The most common shrubs in the forest:
  • Hazelnut shrub (Corylus avellana): Probably everyone has ever eaten a hazelnut, which are unmistakably recognizable in the autumn of the split nut fruit. There are countless myths about the hazelnut shrubs, as well as those that forget the time under the bush and stay there forever. This applies in the fall in any case for rich bearing shrubs. The hazelnuts are harvested as soon as they have a firm hard shell - is it still vulnerable to the thumbnail, it is still too early and the nut is not finished yet forms. If you want to harvest the nuts later, then they are dried together with the shell and stored with it, so they keep their taste the longest.

  • Black elder (Sambucus nigra): Numerous legends and fairy tales also entwine themselves around the Elderberry, and not for nothing does the name of the fairy tale figure resemble that of Frau Holle. This is especially noticeable when the bush throws off its withered blossoms and it looks like it has snowed on the ground. The elder is recognizable by its porous gray-brown bark and the white flower umbels in spring. He can be confused with the red elderberry, which, however, has yellowish flowers and red berries or the attich, which flowers much later and rather has a low growth compared to the bushy habit of the elderberry. The shrubs can eat the flowers in spring and the berries in autumn.However, the black elderberry should always be processed warm, as it contains the human incompatible glycoside sambunigrin, which is destroyed by heat.

Tip: Unfortunately, however, wild animals are often faster, which is why you should regularly check the shrubs for their degree of ripeness so as not to lose sight of it.

Treats from the tree

black elder flowers

Of course, the forest also provides a range of edible plants in the form of trees. By harvesting buds, almost all year round plants can be eaten from the forest, but not too many buds should be taken as this can damage the tree.
  • Summer / winter bark (Tilia platyphyllos / Tilia cordata): In the forest, the winter bark is significantly more common, which differs from the summer bark in the size of their leaves, but both are equally edible. The linden tree has particularly tasty buds and even in autumn their green unripe fruits can be eaten. The white blossom has an almost intoxicating scent and as is used for teas.

  • Spruce (Picea abies): The spruce is probably the most common forest tree in the forest and it is mainly in May, the so-called "Maiwipferl" harvested. The spruce can be recognized from the related fir or other conifers with short needles such as the very poisonous yew by the simple saying: "The spruce stings, the fir (yew). "The fresh light green shoots that grow out of the spruce in May, up to a maximum length of 2 cm, are used by the spruce. They can be used fresh or processed into syrups or similar.

frequently asked Questions

  • Do you have to be afraid of the fox tapeworm?
Many are afraid of the fox tapeworm in the forest plants, but this is unfounded, as the fox is much more likely to roam around settlements and gardens, as the food supply is much larger, for example on compost heaps. Danger exists only if signs of a disease are not taken seriously and no doctor is consulted, because an infection with the parasite is easily treatable.
  • Can I collect anywhere in the forest?
No. Basically, it is not allowed to collect in nature reserves and if the forest owner forbids this through signs. Otherwise, small amounts are allowed for home use unless there are other regional regulations.

Worth knowing about edible plants soon

The plants edible in our gardens are no secret. Not only fruits and vegetables grow up, other plants are edible. In the forest and on meadows there are also some that can be consumed. In meadows grow the lab herb, daisy, sorrel, wild garlic, dandelion, Ackersenf, sorrel, nettle, ribwort and many others:
  • From the daisy all parts can be consumed. The flowers look good as an edible decoration in the salad.
  • Sauerklee especially like children. Again, all parts are edible.
  • The taste is slightly sour, similar to lemon, but milder.
wild garlic
Wild garlic grows on meadows, but even more in the forest. The leaves are really delicious. Here, however, there is a likelihood of confusion with the poisonous lily of the valley. But you can easily recognize the strong smell of wild garlic. The leaves are used as a salad, as a pesto, in soups, as a bread covering and much more. Wild garlic is very versatile and extremely healthy.
  • The leaves are also edible from the dandelion. They are mainly used for salads and taste a bit harsh.
  • Likewise, sorrel is used. The leaves have a sour, lemon-like taste.
  • Stinging nettles use the leaves. But you should cook them, so that the burning hairs are destroyed. Nettle tea is popular and healthy.
  • The plantain is used for the plantain, mostly for mixed salads.
  • Even the unwanted greed in the garden as weed does not taste bad and can be used as a substitute for parsley.
Between meadow and forest you can often find sloe, blackberry, raspberry, blueberry, all with delicious edible berries.
  • Elderberries are also included, but they must not be eaten raw.
  • Sloe berries are used to make jam and schnapps.
wild berries
Blackberries, blueberries and raspberries taste freshly picked (and necessarily washed) very well, but also as jam, compote and also as brandy. The leaves are often used for teas. A lot of parts can be harvested from wild roses. They can be used in salads and desserts. Rose water and syrup are also in demand. Also absolutely delicious are wild strawberries. Although they are small and collecting is a bit tedious, but the taste is incomparably intense. There is no new breeding of strawberries.
mushrooms
Mushrooms, edible mushrooms are naturally found in the forest, but parts of the birch and red beech are also edible. The young leaves of red beech are good for salads. Even the beechnuts can be eaten, but only in moderation.The leaves of the birch are suitable for salads, they are quite tasty. The above-mentioned sorrel is also found in the forest. Otherwise you can still find walnut trees in the wild or edible chestnuts.
Tip: What one can eat from the forest, from the meadows and from the garden can be found in books, for example the encyclopedia of wild plants. Over 1500 plants can be found in it.

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