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Endive is one of the last leaves salads that can be planted and harvested per year. This is still easy to care for and does not require much attention. Of course, even in endives nothing goes by itself, but in contrast to other leafy lettuce he is also still frugal.
Preparation of the soil
The endives do not make any great demands on the soil, as this is a relatively frugal plant. So it is sufficient if the soil was treated with compost, fertilizer or manure to give the endive or other vegetables all the nutrients. However, this should happen a few months before, which can often be in autumn or winter. Since the sowing takes place very late, other vegetables or salads can be planted beforehand. If these vegetables have given way, then sowing can begin.
Sowing time between June and July
Since this salad is planted late, sowing can be done either in the greenhouse or in a nursery bed. But even the direct sowing in the garden is possible. However, this should not be done until the end of June, preferably even at the beginning of July. Otherwise it may come to an early flowering, which is absolutely to be avoided. The seeds can also be sown directly on the spot during this time, although a minimum distance of 30 to 40 centimeters must be observed here as well. If you want to harvest endives for a longer period of time, you can do another sowing after 20 to 30 days. The plant loves the sun and should therefore have a suitable place in the garden. Although the endive needs a bit of space, it can be planted or sown in the vicinity of other vegetables such as cabbage or even fennel.
Care and watering
Although the endives do not need much attention, of course, this also has claims. So the salad should be planted at the same place only every three years. This salad is a biennial plant but is replanted every year due to its use. Since the claim to the soil does not make great demands, this can also be put on potatoes or tomatoes. Since the other two vegetables need other nutrients, this is easily possible. So, of course, after sowing well watering, which makes the salad grow faster and better. However, the wet should not jam, because that does not tolerate the endive. If the leaves change, then too much water was added. Simply reduce the water supply here.
Bleaching the leaves
After about three months, the endives are ready for harvest. Before that, the salad can still be bleached. For this purpose, the outer leaves are simply tied together. As a result, there is no sun on the inner leaves and, in addition, it reduces the bitter taste. The bleaching can also be done by slipping over a bucket, but the salad must be completely dry. Otherwise, a water retention can occur here and the leaves rot. For all too wet it does not like the endives. The bleaching can be done two weeks before the harvest. New varieties are no longer so bitter and therefore this process does not have to be done.
Pests do not like endives so much
Although pests do not really love this salad, snails or aphids can attack it too. The snails can be easily removed by hand, or a chemical agent can be used. In aphids it looks a little different, but here, once a lye-water mixture can be used. If this treatment does not prove successful, only then can a chemical agent be used. For prevention, there are so-called cultural networks that help prevent the infestation of aphids. A disease of the endives is the wrong mildew, which always arises when a sufficient time interval was not maintained. So wait a little longer to replant it to avoid this disease. Another disease is the leaf margin burn. The cause of this disease is unknown, but it is thought that the soil lacks magnesium.
Low cold does not harm the salad
Harvest time usually starts between August and November, which depends entirely on sowing. Should it be a bit colder, this does not really harm the salad. Only from minus 5 degrees the salad should be harvested, or be protected with mats against the cold. So the salad can be kept longer with the root in the dark cellar. Simply lay the endives in damp sand. In the fridge, this only a few days, before he is no longer edible. Not only is endive easy to grow in the garden, it also tastes great. Especially if he was pulled in his own garden. Especially since endives are not sensitive and frugal, the cultivation can also succeed hobby gardeners who have little experience.
From sowing to harvest
- Can be pulled in the greenhouse first
- Direct sowing is also possible
- Sow between the end of June to the middle of July
- Best planted in flower beds where previously potatoes or tomatoes were planted
- Keep a distance of 30-40 cm
- Pour well after sowing
- Bleach with a bucket or tie together
- After three months can be harvested
- Withstands temperatures down to -5 degrees
- Can be stored with root and damp sand for a long time in the dark cellar
Those who stick to these few points can harvest delicious endives in their own garden without much effort. Not much is needed, except maybe the soil is fertilized over winter. All this can be done by natural means, without any chemistry. Simple and yet healthy.
Processing and care tips
Recipe & Preparation of Endive Salad: The best way to prepare endive salad with extra virgin olive oil and balsamic vinegar, these two ingredients significantly enhance the taste. In addition, you can add meager sheep's cheese, mozzarella, or other meager cheeses to the salad, as well as olives, tomatoes, and other vegetables. The leaves of the curly endive are also very suitable for decoration on the edge of the plate, or as a natural salad bowl insert, if you put the leaves in a small salad bowl, so that the curled edges of leaves can look over the bowl edge.
The endive needs a humus-rich soil, with medium-strong nutrient inputs. A sunny location is preferred. If you want to sow endives directly in the field, you should wait until mid-June. Sowing outdoors is possible from mid-June to mid-July. This also prevents shooting. The endive is eagerly, like almost every other type of salad, haunted by the snails. Slug on the edges can be of great help here. If you want to do without the chemistry in the garden, you have to pick up the snails by hand, which can sometimes mean a tedious job. The endive grows very well in mixed culture with other vegetables, and also like other salad varieties. It is not unusual to see the plant alternating with lettuce. This smooth-and-curly variation not only provides a pretty sight, but also provides plenty of greenery in the menu. Very good neighbors to the endive are leek, cabbage, runner beans, but also fennel. It is not known that the endive would grow worse in the vicinity of other plants.