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English roses are among the most beautiful plants in the garden. Their care is usually easier than many hobby gardeners imagine. As is usual with all crops, it is advantageous to find out about the location and the condition of the soil before planting. With good site conditions, the English rose already feels very well and the care of this noble plant succeeds with a light hand.
Choose and prepare location for English roses
David Austin has probably bred the most beautiful English roses that are on the market. Its variety of flowers, the individual forms, their fragrance and above all the many beautiful colors are unsurpassed in their beauty. A sunny location is recommended for each plant to develop well. Here, the roses should be pampered with at least four to five hours of sunlight.
Before the English rose finally gets its place for the next few years, it is worth preparing the soil well. Depending on the regional quality of the soil quality, you can treat the topsoil a few weeks beforehand with organic fertilizer such as humus. After that he should rest for some time before the rose plant is used. Alternatively, it is advisable to use special rose fertilizer. Again, the time interval, recommended by the manufacturer, should be respected.
Protect English roses against fungal diseases
- To protect against fungal diseases, give the beautiful English roses by treating the roots with a suitable anti-fungal product before putting the young plant into the planting hole.
- At the time of final planting, the first few centimeters of the shoots, which later develop from the rhizome, are well covered with soil.
- When planting, place the rootstock with splayed root ends in the planting hole and press gently.
- So that the rose grows well, it is well slurried with enough water. 4 to 5 liters of water per plant should be given at planting.
English roses like the beautiful varieties of David Austin have normal care requirements: The regular watering of the plant should be respected especially in the first year. This gives the little English rose enough nutrients and fluid to develop into a magnificent plant. In addition, a long-term fertilizer for roses or the special fertilizer offered by David Austin is recommended. Give your plant the amount of fertilizer indicated on the manufacturer's packaging before and after flowering, ie in spring, about three weeks after the first leaves have developed and once more after the first flowering. This stimulates further flowering in the season. In addition, the soil can be mulched around the plant in spring. This gives more nutrients and reduces the rapid dehydration in the warm summer phase.
Enjoy and observe flowers and scents
During the gardening season, it is time to enjoy the beautiful flowers of your English rose, while keeping it free of disease. You have already provided a good basis for improving soil quality and correct planting, irrigation and fertilization. Now it is said to protect the rose free of mildew or other diseases. If you do not have much experience with roses yet, it is best to choose a robust variety and give it a good care. Since the weather conditions vary from place to place, it is important that you observe your roses and gather experience for the years to come. What are the light and sun conditions? Is the plant possibly too much in an unfavorable wind? Bear in mind that especially through strong winds diseases of plants are transmitted. Which locations in your garden are more favorable for planting the next rose? The magnificence of the roses is to a significant extent also dependent on their powers of observation and individual experience.
Cutting English roses
The cutting of roses is an issue in itself. Many experts have given detailed instructions on how to cut roses in recent years. Make life easy! Cutting English roses is not science, but also feasible for the layman. A distinction must be made here between the shrub roses, bush roses, the once-blooming shrub roses, the climbing roses and the rambler roses. The latter are hardly cut. They are allowed to grow and unfold freely. Only the old shoots are removed or tethered. Here as well, as with all other roses: cut down withered flowers to encourage the formation of new flowers.
The sort of roses decides on the cut
The climatic zone plays an important role in the general pruning of roses:
- In areas with mild and frosty winters, January and February are the appropriate time.
- In cold regions with snow and frost, it is better to wait with the pruning of your English roses until the frost-free phase.
- At this time, especially sick or dead and old and lignified shoots are removed.
- Bush roses will be cut from ¾ to ½, some of the main shoots will be removed as well.
- In contrast, the once-blooming shrub roses are barely cut, if at all then only 1/3 of the shoots.
- With the pretty climbing roses only the flowering plants of the past year are cut. As a rule, this is about 15 cm or three to four eyes.
Since rose seeds are only rarely available in specialist shops, they are usually forced to collect them themselves. In spring, sowing takes place under glass, and after only 1 year, flowers form on 15 cm tall plants. Germinating seeds are usually obtained only from wild species, and usually only when they are pollinated themselves. Rose species, which grow on their own roots, usually produce strong seedlings, which take about 2-3 years to the first flowering.
Most roses can be propagated from cuttings. Again, the wild species and their hybrids are best suited. For the English rose, only vigorous plants are suitable for propagation, since these varieties usually do not form robust shoots and roots, but are instead oculosed on a strong surface. So cuttings from English roses can only be cut from well-wooded, about pencil-thick stems. The odds of success are significantly higher if a dozen cuttings of the desired variety are made. For non-flowering side shoots in the late summer or early fall 23 cm long cuttings are cut. Except for two to three leaves remove all leaves and side shoots.
In a partially shaded and sheltered location, a V-shaped, 15-20 cm deep Pflanzfurche be dug and filled 2.5 cm deep with fine sand. Before the cut surfaces of the cuttings are carefully dusted with rooting powder and stuck in about 15 cm distance in the sand. Then the cuttings are pressed and poured carefully. The cuttings should have taken root in autumn next year. Then the cuttings can be planted at the final location.
Conclusion and other tips on English roses
Finally, it is said that English roses are hard to beat in terms of color and scent. Therefore, dare to mixed flower batches to enjoy these exceptionally beautiful plants in all their splendor. Only in combination with other plants do they develop their full beauty.
- English roses are adaptable. They are therefore particularly well suited to stand in a mixed flower discounts.
- Keep in mind that English roses are not hardy and only grow outdoors in very hot summer climates.
- Her shapely and elegant flowers smell sweet and pleasant.
- Roses can be propagated by sowing, with cuttings or with special finishing methods, the oculation.
- William Shakespeare - Shrub rose, crimson red to purplish flowering, initially bowl-shaped, then flat quartered shell, flower 8 to 10 cm in size, growth 100 cm high and 75 cm wide, warm, intense fragrance, fruity, berry note, good for Kübelhaltung
- Graham Thomas - deep yellow large, very densely filled flowers, lasting and rich flowering, strong tea rose fragrance, growth 120 to 150 cm high and 90 cm wide, strong bushy upright and boggy overhanging habit, robust and hardy, resistant, rain-resistant flowers
- Gertrude Jeckyll - pink rosettförmige, strongly filled flowers, more flowering, strong smell, growth 120 cm hch and 90 cm wide, strong bushy upright growing, very robust, rainproof, also for Kübelhaltung
- Abraham Darby - Shrub rose, pink-apricot to yellow, densely filled flower bowls, up to 11 cm in size, intense fruity fragrant, after cassis mango, refreshingly tart touch, growth up to 150 cm high and 150 cm wide, bushy growing, especially flowery and vigorous shrub