The Content Of The Article:
- English roses: spoiled for choice
- Recommended English roses
- The perfect location for English roses
- Cutting English roses
- Further care tips
- Tips against pests and diseases
For years, the English roses of the breeder David Austin belong to the most beautiful garden plants ever. Lush filled flowers and a seductive fragrance characterize them. Their cupped or rosette-shaped flowers carry the charisma of the Old Roses, while their growth and long flowering time also meets the requirements of modern rose varieties. The still young rose class - English roses have only been around since the 1970s - is also very robust and hardly susceptible to disease. Nevertheless, many hobby gardeners do not dare to approach the fragrant beauties. But do not worry: To successfully cultivate an English rose in your own garden, you do not have to be a proven expert!
English roses: spoiled for choice
The great success of English Roses has greatly increased the range of varieties. It is therefore not always easy to find the right English Rose for your own garden. We want to help you with the selection, because not all varieties are equally suitable for each location. Some English rose varieties prefer a mild climate and unfortunately thrive less well in harsher locations. For this reason, we asked three renowned rose gardens - the German Rosarium in Dortmund, the rose novelty garden in Baden-Baden and the rose garden in Zweibrücken - which varieties of the most popular flower colors were particularly robust in the respective plants. The result is a list of recommended English roses for our latitudes.
Recommended English roses
'Geoff Hamilton' (left) exudes the apple smell of old roses, 'The Pilgrim' (right) has a strong and healthy growth
Among the best English rose varieties for the Central European continental climate are classics such as the large-flowered 'Charles Darwin' - one of the best Austin roses ever - the pink 'Gertrude Jekyll' and the rich yellow variety 'Graham Thomas'. As pink beauties you can easily plant 'Mary Rose', 'Heritage', 'Geoff Hamilton' and 'The Mayflower'. For yellow and orange tones are 'Golden Celebration', 'Charlotte', 'The Pilgrim' and 'Teasing Georgia'. Rich reds and purples show the robust varieties' The Prince ',' Sophy's Rose ',' L.D. Braithwaite 'and' Wenlock '. Tip: Purple roses such as the variety 'Wenlock' get a noble character from violet partners, such as steppe sage (Salvia nemorosa 'Mainacht') or cranesbill.
'Wenlock' exudes a pleasant citrus scent
By the way: Not only the English breeders around David Austin, but also many German and French rose growers bring interesting rose novelties with nostalgic flower shapes on the market. Recommended examples are the "Nostalgierosen aus den Bauerngärten Schleswig-Holstein" (Tantau), the "Märchenrosen" (Kordes) and the "Malerrosen" (Delbard) with multicolored petals.
The perfect location for English roses
A rose can only prove to be robust and beautiful if it has the optimal location. The English roses are no exception. Plant them in a sunny spot with good air circulation, so that the leaves can dry quickly after a downpour and fungal diseases have no chance. However, the place should not be too dry, because that promotes the infestation with spider mites. Inappropriate locations often even fail with ADR-certified roses, which are considered particularly robust.
Many English roses reach a height and width of over one meter. Give the roses sufficient space and consider the future size when planting accompanying perennials. A distance of about 50 centimeters makes sense. If they have similar demands on location and care, perennials are perfect rose companions. Sage, for example, is a sun child, who loves to loll about shrub roses. Strong-growing varieties such as 'Crown Princess Margareta' can also be grown like a climbing rose.
'Graham Thomas' is a cross between the English rose 'Charles Austin' and 'Snow White', an ancient and very common strain of corduroy
Cutting English roses
So that the more often blooming roses drift again and again new flower buds, you should remove the summer over the withered inflorescences regularly. Cover the old flowers above the leaf axillum. Since the English roses are very vigorous, you should cut them back each spring at the time of forsythia blooms, so they do not proliferate and lignify. Follow the cutting instructions for more frequent flowering shrub roses. Shorten strong shoots by one third, weaker ones by two thirds.
As a general rule, cut back on English roses only slightly in the first two years to stimulate the shoot.From the third year, the rose is considered grown and can be cut and shaped stronger. Sick and dead shoots are always removed near the ground.
In order to maintain their vitality, English roses must be cut annually
Further care tips
Roses should never dry up. That's why even older, older rose bushes need extra water in hot, dry summers. It is important that you water intensively, not just superficially, so that the water reaches the area of the deep-growing roots of the rose. The standard for shrub roses is five liters. The rose foliage should not overflow when pouring as possible because it fungal diseases are promoted. Frequently flowering roses are fertilized twice a year. Once at the beginning of the shoot at the end of March and once after flowering at the end of June. Alternatively, a long-term fertilizer provides the plants with all the necessary nutrients.
Romantic beauties are the English roses 'Geoff Hamilton', 'Barbara Austin' and 'Constance Spry'
Tips against pests and diseases
According to the motto "Prevention is the best medicine" you can significantly reduce the risk of illness in English roses by appropriate planting and care measures. With the already mentioned correct choice of location, the foundation for untroubled Roses fun has already been laid. With a variety of flowered beds you also create a suitable environment for beneficials. Ladybugs and their larvae kill several hundred aphids as they develop; The larvae of the hoverfly also decimate the lice infestation. You can collect the larvae of the rose leaf wasp with your hand. Only if you have too much pest infestation should you resort to chemical treatment. Mildew can be recognized by the typical floury-white coating on leaves and flowers. Star blackness is expressed by violet-black spots on the leaf surface, which terminate in a star shape. The consequences are yellowing of the foliage and leaf fall. Even before Rosenrost the English roses are not immune. Here you will find orange to rust-colored, dusting spore bearings on the undersides of the leaves. Against fungal diseases there is a selection also for English roses suitable sprays.
Start photo gallery
The 120 centimeters high 'Heritage' smells intense and goes well with larkspur or tall bluebells
'Golden Celebration' of all English roses has the largest flowers with the best scent
'Charlotte' withstands tough winters easily
With 'Abraham Darby' impressed with large, fresh-herbaceous flowers
'Mary Rose' is a widespread variety that smells slightly
A light scent emanates from 'Sophy's Rose'. The flower color suits violet, green-yellow or white
'L. D. Braithwaite 'remains compact at a height of one meter and carries many rosehips in autumn
'Ambridge Rose' (100 cm high) can be easily integrated into the bed. Best plant in small groups