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Two varieties of eucalyptus are from the family of the Myrtaceae known and popular, the Eucalyptus globulus and the Eucalyptus gunnii.
garden plantOften found in the native gardens is the Eucalyptus gunnii, which is considered reasonably frost hardy. If the winter is extremely hard, it should hibernate in a cool place, otherwise a sheltered place and light winter protection are sufficient. Young plants must be protected in any case, older plants survive a few degrees undamaged. Planted outdoors, the eucalyptus needs a warm, sunny and sheltered place on loose, lime-free substrate soil. You can also mix garden soil with grit, sand and bark humus as substrate, but should plan a drainage layer, because waterlogging is not tolerated. Otherwise, the eucalyptus must be poured well, with the excess water should drain well.
- In winter, the eucalyptus can be almost completely dried out, lightened and best placed in the winter garden in a bright location and at temperatures between 5 and 10° C.
- As the scent of eucalyptus eliminates flies and mosquitoes, it should be planted near the patio or patio in the garden.
- Reproduction or potting of the eucalyptus should take place in spring when the eucalyptus bale is well rooted. Propagation can be done by seed and is also easy to carry out.
- The plants grow relatively quickly, which has the advantage that you do not have to wait too long to have a small tree.
- Eucalyptus leaves are relatively hard, which gives the plant the benefit of using little water.
- Waterlogging and damp soil is generally not well tolerated, so you should also provide water drainage.
- This can be achieved with good drainage. This should be ensured in the field, as well as in the bucket, so that the tree bears no damage.
- The ideal location is full sun. Partial shade is also tolerated, but in the sun, the eucalyptus tree feels most comfortable.
- The tree is fertilized every 14 days in the growing season with a common fertilizer.
In the flatThe blue-gum tree, with its almost stemless, heart-shaped, greyish-blue leaves of 5 to 8 cm in size, grows up to 60 cm high in the wild and grows in the flat 90 to 130 cm a year, so it must be cut back frequently. Of the Eucalyptus gunnii grows significantly less with only 40 cm per year. The leaves of this eucalyptus are also 5 to 8 cm tall, but grow opposite with bluish color. Each eucalyptus needs a sunny, bright place, this is not the case, the leaves lose their beautiful color and the shoots vergeilen, the temperature is rather secondary, because it thrives in cool places as well as in warm places.
During the main growth, the soil must always be thoroughly moistened, so it is advisable to water evenly. Before re-pouring the plant, the substrate should be dried on the surface. If you want to give the plant a rest in winter, you put it in a cool place of about 13° C and limits the casting considerably, only it must be ensured that the plant does not dry out completely. With a substrate of compost soil, it is best to cultivate the eucalyptus. The propagation of the plant is best given by seeds embedded in a mixture of peat and sand, which is slightly moistened.
In the propagation box with a temperature of about 23° C the first seedlings appear after 3 to 4 weeks. If the first leaf shoots are seen with foliage, they should be piqued and put into pots with compost soil. When the plant grows, it can happen that you have to repot it twice a year. It should be noted that the roots are completely covered with fresh substrate. Fertilizer is used in liquid form, as container plant fertilizer, from spring to autumn about every 14 days.
pestsIn the eucalyptus, pests can occur in the home, as well as in the garden, which in most cases are shield or mealybugs. Here, however, preventive measures can be taken and the plants sprayed with leaf gloss.The commercially available leaf gloss is a combination of plant-compatible oils and ensures a bright leaf color and lasting shine on the leaves, which prevents dusting for a long time. Water and lime residues of water droplets, which cause a greyish coloring of the leaves, are eliminated and, as a substitute, paraffin oil also brings the same benefits. The spraying of the leaves also reduces the infestation of vermin when leaves and stems are wetted evenly. It is therefore a preventive measure for outdoors as well as indoors.
The aphid infestation often occurs at the beginning of May, the result being dark sooty mildew fungi, which also helps with a previous treatment with paraffin oil or leaf gloss. However, once the plant has been attacked by aphids or the so-called eucalyptus sucker, which is rare because of its essential oils, it can be placed completely under cold water for 24 hours, with a lube solution added to alcohol or with a neem tree preparation be treated. The plant survives any of these treatments, not the lice.
Gardening tools to handle the eucalyptus properlyThe Eucalyptus does not need a lot of care, but you should have some things ready before you buy:
- sufficiently large planters, if the eucalyptus is kept in the house
- Propagation box for raising the seedlings,
- watering Can,
- Substrate of compost soil for indoors,
- a mixture of sand, earth, grit and bark humus for outdoors,
- for sowing a mixture of peat and sand,
- outdoor drainage is required
- in the apartment that takes over a plant pot with hole,
- Spray bottle for the paraffin oil,
- alternative sheet gloss spray from the specialist trade,
- liquid fertilizer for container plants
If hobby gardeners have the necessary accessories at hand, they can enjoy the eucalyptus plant for a long time, regardless of whether the plant is indoors or outdoors. With biodiversity, eucalyptus is a popular plant that can be kept indoors in flower tubs as well as outside in the garden bed. Due to its expansive and fast growth, it often has to be cut back, but otherwise requires only minimal care. Only the eucalyptus must be watered regularly and fertilized every 14 days. He loves sunny, warm places and is rarely attacked by pests.