Evergreen hedges - the best 16 hardy hedge plants


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hedge

Evergreen hedges provide good protection year after year against unwanted insights, outside sounds and strong winds. Most plants grow quickly and are also very easy to maintain. In the gloomy winter time, the hedges are still green and are an adornment for the otherwise barren garden. When selecting the right hedge plants, the site conditions and the space available in the respective garden must be taken into account, so that the plants feel comfortable and can naturally spread from the beginning.

liguster

The privet grows fast and has an increase of 40-50 cm per year, altogether it can grow up to 4 m. In the soil, the plant is relatively undemanding and prefers a sunny to semi-sunny location. In early summer, the hedge is small flowers, in autumn, dark, blue-green berries, but these are poisonous.
  • Flowers shine bright white
  • Berries do not develop in too frequent pruning
  • Due to poisonous berries, caution is advised with small children and pets

firethorn

The firethorn grows between 20-40 cm per year and can reach heights of growth of up to 6 m, so it is suitable as a hedge for locations with a large amount of space. The plant needs a more relaxed and not too wet soil, the location should be sunny to partially shaded. In May the plant produces small white flowers, followed in autumn by orange-red berries. The firethorn forms over time dense and impenetrable hedges that provide both wildlife with protection and food.
  • Forms thorny branches that sting on contact
  • Fruits are slightly poisonous
  • Small children and pets should not play unsupervised nearby

cypress

False Cypress - Chamaecyparis thyoides

The false cypress grows about 20-30 cm per year and can reach heights of growth as a specimen plant up to 20 m. As a hedge, however, this grows significantly lower, but it provides within a few years a good privacy. At the bottom, the plant prefers humus and slightly humid soil. The plant feels very well in sunny and sheltered locations. The leaves have either a green or blue color depending on the variety. The flowers are rather inconspicuous, but all parts of the plant are poisonous.
  • Continuous waterlogging is essential to avoid
  • Also tolerates partially shaded site conditions for a short time
  • When pruning, protection is important as toxic

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The column cypress grows very slim in height, so that the design as a hedge plant seems loose and not too dense. However, the Mediterranean plant is only partially hardy, so extremely hard winters with low temperatures below zero are not tolerated. The plant needs nutrient-rich soils that should not be too dry or too wet. Over the years, the crop tends to flatten from the inside out. To prevent this, the column cypress should be pruned 1-2 times each year.
  • Waterlogging is not tolerated
  • Column Cypress is not completely frost hardy
  • Plant only in protected areas and mild regions
  • Ideal are the mild climatic conditions in the vineyards

mountain pine

The mountain pine is ideal for creating a hedge, but the conifers need a sufficient amount of space in the width. When nurturing the hedge plant is not particularly demanding, the pruning should, however, every 2-3 years to maintain the desired shape. The mountain pine tolerates both longer dry periods and low minus degrees in winter.
  • When pruning, proceed carefully
  • Instead of working with electrical equipment, better manually with the secateurs
  • Does not tolerate too extreme pruning
  • Do not crop the crop in a narrow orientation

bamboo

Bamboo - Bambusoideae

The bamboo can be planted in several rows as a hedge, he brings an exotic touch in the garden. In the selection of varieties, the genus is to be preferred Fargesia, as this is horstbildend. The other bamboo species form stolons with the years, which can adversely affect plants and buildings in the area. The bamboo Fargesia is hardy, extremely cut tolerant and forms over time an opaque hedge. Important is a protected and warm location and a nutrient-rich soil.
  • For varieties with foothills, the installation of a root barrier is imperative
  • Discoloration on the leaves indicates deficiency symptoms
  • Prevention requires regular fertilizer application and adequate pouring units

Common juniper

The common juniper has an upright to creeping growth and can grow up to 18 m high, as a hedge it grows much lower. The plant belongs to the evergreen conifers, but not to the conifers. Instead of the cones, the juniper berries are formed as fruits.The common juniper thrives on all soil qualities, tolerates well dry periods, but he does not like waterlogging.
  • Juniper berries are edible and non-toxic
  • Ideal hedge plant for a family garden
  • Small children and pets can play nearby without supervision

Mahonien

Mahonia are evergreen and hardy woody plants, with a green shining foliage. They grow slowly, maximum 20 cm per year and reach stature heights of about 1.5 m. At an advantageous location, these hedge plants can grow just as far in width. The wood is resistant to drought and extremely cut compatible. In April, yellow inflorescences form in a panicle shape, followed by the berry-like, blue-black fruits in August. These are edible, but not in their raw state.
  • Mahonias are ideal for low-planned hedges
  • Can be created as a room divider within a property
  • Fruits are good for making jam

boxwood

Boxwood - Buxus

The boxwood grows about 20-30 cm per year, in a height of several meters. The crop needs a good soil quality, it prefers a slightly alkaline pH. The location should be sunny to partially shaded. The growth is very dense, right into the middle of the hedge. The more plants are planted per meter, the higher the boxwood grows. If fewer plants are used, these give a particularly dense and lower hedge. All plant parts are slightly poisonous.
  • Suitable as a visual and wind protection
  • Extremely cut-tolerant hedge plant
  • Can be used in the country garden for the construction of labyrinths and mazes
  • When cutting due to the toxic properties to take protective measures

Lavendelheide

The evergreen lavender heather is also called shadow bell and can reach heights of growth of 2-4 m. The foliage shines when it shoots first in the colors pink and red, until it turns green. In the Japanese lavender heather, the leaves are still outlined in yellow and white, the viewer offers in this way an exotic sight. Sites with partial shade to shade are ideal. In soil quality, the plant prefers humus rich and acidic properties. The inflorescences are already formed in the summer of last year and stay on the plant throughout the winter.
  • The growth of the lavender heather takes a lot of time
  • Important is a good protection against wind
  • Only at the beginning of spring does the hedge plant blossom completely

Photinia

The medlar is an evergreen deciduous tree and belongs to the family of the rose family. As the name implies, the plant produces glossy leaves, which at first exude pink-red. In addition, in autumn and winter, the older leaves turn bright red, a great contrast to other green hedge plants. The deciduous tree grows between 20-40 cm per year and reaches stature heights of up to 8 m and is up to 6 m wide, so this is ideal for the hedge planting as visual and noise protection. Ideal are wind-protected and partially shaded locations.
  • Waterlogging is not tolerated
  • Important is a water-permeable soil
  • Loosen loamy soil with drainage

yew

yew

The yew belongs to the conifers and forms flexible needles, which are arranged in a spiral shape. The easy-care plant grows about 20-40 cm per year, depending on the location. The wood prefers calcareous soils, but beyond that it is undemanding. The location should be partially shady to shady, but the sun is well tolerated. The needles and bright red pear berries contain a poisonous alkaloid, which hinders the heart function.
  • Robust and hardy hedge plant
  • Can be cut well in shape
  • Take care when handling and pruning as toxic

barberry

The barberry is a hardy and hardy wood, which is also known under the name of Sauerdorn. The woody variety reaches heights of growth of 50 cm to 3 m depending on the variety, there are both creeping and upright growing varieties. In this way small or large hedges can be planted with this plant. Depending on the variety, the color of the leaves is different, there are red and green varieties. The location should be partially shady to sunny, it tolerates acidic and alkaline soils alike.
  • Waterlogging is essential to avoid.
  • Thorns are trained on the branches
  • Care should be taken when handling, as thorns sting painfully
  • When pruning, take protective measures

cherry laurel

Cherry laurel - Prunus laurocerasus

The cherry laurel forms a vigorous foliage that shines bright green. The plant grows about 40 cm per year and can reach stature heights of 3-4 m. However, this hedge grows rather broad and therefore needs a lot of space in this direction. At the bottom, the plant is undemanding and suitable for most locations. The leaves and seeds contain poisonous glycosides.
  • Hedge plant tolerates only mild weather conditions in winter
  • If it gets too cold, then the foliage is often thrown off
  • Small children and pets should not be left unattended nearby as toxic
HollyThe holly is an evergreen and winter hardy shrub that can reach a stature height of up to 10 m. The growth form is dense and upright, whereby the crown grows cone-shaped. The leaves are shiny and serrated, as the name implies, they sting on contact. The plant produces red berry fruits from September to November, a nice contrast to the dark green leaves. Holly can tolerate both shady and sunny locations, however, the soil should never completely dry out.
  • Does not tolerate waterlogging
  • Long periods of drought are not liked by the plant at all
  • When pruning, protective measures should be taken as leaves sting
  • Berries and leaves are poisonous, caution when handling

Thuja

Thuja - Occidentalis

The popular Thuja is also called tree of life and is one of the coniferous trees. As a hedge this grows very fast, about 30-50 cm per year. Depending on the variety, the thuja can reach heights of up to 6 m and grows narrow. The soft needles shimmer in different shades of green and exude a spicy fragrance. The plant needs a nutrient-rich soil with sandy-loamy properties. The location can be sunny to partially shaded. The wood, the cones and branch tips are very poisonous. Although the thuja produces fruits, these are relatively unremarkable.
  • Does not tolerate too dark locations
  • If the soil is too acidic, the green needles turn brown
  • Plant is susceptible to fungal diseases
  • Strong pruning turns mushrooms away
  • Due to toxic properties when cutting wear sufficient protection
Tip: The sides need a pruning every two years, the leading spurs are only to be cut when the hedge has reached its final height.
Conclusion
Due to the large variety of varieties, there are suitable plants for an evergreen hedge for the respective site conditions and individual requirements. These cause almost no deciduous waste, compared to the summer green hedges, which are extremely caring. Depending on the variety, however, the original color of the leaves may change significantly. Normally, a pruning once a year or even less, some varieties need only be kept in shape. The viewer can look forward to a green sight all year round, a feast for the eyes during the dreary winter months. Many evergreen hedges are extremely cut-friendly and can be cut to the desired shape and size, so that they function as visual and noise protection. This natural demarcation offers birds perfect breeding and nesting sites and many other animals a protected habitat.

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