Facade greening


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Green walls for good climate

Facade greenery has a very special charm, they bring flowers and foliage directly to the house and have a high ecological value. Be it a barn, a residential building or a tool shed - many buildings in their green robes are in the countryside and most homeowners do not want to miss out on the greenery. It ensures cooling in the summer, improves air and climate in the house and offers as an evergreen variant in the winter additional thermal insulation. Green walls also absorb noise and bind pollutants and dust.

Habitat for many animals

A lively facade greenery from climbing plants not only binds the building in a charming way in the environment, it also makes a valuable contribution to nature conservation. Climbing plants on facades provide shelter for countless animal species. Within the dense shoots hides many bird's nest. The berries, such as ivy or wild wine, are also very popular in the bird world and attract many feathered garden visitors.
But the insects get their money in the green wall. It offers the useful spiders a warm and dry habitat and the flowers of the various climbing plants attract countless nectar collectors. For example, did you know that the ivy with its late nectar-rich flowers is an extremely important food source for bees, butterflies and other insects? By the way: observations show that there are no more insects and spiders in green houses than in non-green ones.

Facade greening with blue rain

When planting the climber you should be aware of the size and the urge to spread of the plant. Strong wrestlers such as the blue rain develop enormous forces and can crush a rain pipe over the years

Self-draining plants

A gapless facade greening succeeds with so-called self-clairvoyants. These are plants that climb on the wall with the help of detention organs without a climbing aid. The wild wine is unlucky in winter, but impressed in autumn with a bright red autumn color of its leaves. Flowers and berries provide valuable food for insects and birds. The climbing hydrangea adorns itself with beautiful large flowers.
Ivy is evergreen and provides a green vibrant wall all year round. However, these vigorous climbers should only be planted on solid facades with an impeccable outer shell - especially the ivy has the peculiarity to penetrate with its supporting roots in wet cracks. Here, the adhesive roots transform into normal Saugwurzeln and can blow up the plaster with their growth in thickness. In older plants is also a regular pruning is necessary to keep gutters, roof tiles, windows, vents and downpipes from the shoots free.

Suitable climbing plants

Table recommended wall grass

Remove facade greenery

For self-climbers such as wild wine, ivy or climbing hydrangea, one should only decide if they can stay permanently. The problems arise when you want to remove these plants from the house wall again, because the adhesive discs and roots persistently stick. While the Wild Wine forms round sticky disks, the ivy and climbing hydrangea stick to the wall with sticky roots. In both species, only professional removal helps: First, the shoots are carefully demolished so that the plaster does not crumble, then you brush off the adhesive organs with a hard brush or cleans uncleaned clinker walls with a pressure washer. Massive stone or concrete walls without external insulation can also be treated with a flame-retardant device after tearing off the climbing gears. It charred the remainders and they are easier to brush off afterwards. After the procedure is in any case a new facade painting due.

Pictures: Climbers for a facade greening

ivy

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Recommended climbing plants

Facade greening: green

Ivy is an evergreen self-climber and is therefore very well suited to greening the facade

Facade greening: Greenery

Three-lobed wild wine (Parthenocissus tricuspidata 'Veitchii')

Facade greening: greening

Climbing Hydrangea (Hydrangea petiolaris)

Facade greening: green

Wisteria (Wisteria floribunda 'Alba')

Facade greening: green

Mountain Clematis (Clematis montana)

Facade greening: climbing

Forest honeysuckle (Lonicera periclymenum)

Facade greening: Greenery

Akebie (Akebia quinata)

ivy

Three-lobed wild wine

Climbing

Wisteria

Clematis montana

Honeysuckle

Akebie

Climbing aids for facade greeners

Climbing plants that have no adhesion organs need a climbing aid. These include climbing roses, wisteria, honeysuckle, hops or clematis. Because of their sometimes less strong growth and the ability to easily remove the greenery one day, the choice for a suitable facade greening is often in these non-self-sounding species. Also beautiful for a season are one-year climbers like morning glory or bell vine, which also need trellis aids.
When choosing the right trellis, the type of climbing is crucial. Snappers like blue rain need vertical variations. Because they can become very large and heavy, solid stainless steel wire rope systems are the right choice. Plants like clematis stick to lattices and spreading clusters like climbing roses are suitable for horizontal systems. The trellises should always be installed at some distance from the building wall and be stable depending on the climber. A regular pruning and the occasional weaving of individual shoots are essential here as well.

Video Board: Channel 10 reports on One Central Park's green facade.

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