Cottage garden


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History of the farmer garden

The origins of the farmer garden as a garden style lie in the culture of the "peasant garden" or the school or monastery garden, which served in the past mainly for self-sufficiency. In a small space food crops grew next to medicinal herbs and individual ornamental plants. Despite a lack of space, the garden had to yield all year round and therefore the planting should be well thought out. This idea of ​​space and plant optimization was taken up in the Botanischer Garten Hamburg in 1913 and perfected in the form of a specially designed school and show garden. Since then, the artificially created "Bauerngarten Hamburger Art" is the model for all modern cottage gardens. This explains why the installation of such a cottage garden requires quite a bit of horticultural knowledge and expertise. Today, the planting of a farmer's garden instead of self-sufficiency is more about having fun and a decorative touch in the foreground, as well as a return to nature-friendly and animal-friendly gardening.

classic cottage garden

Their colorful diversity makes kitchen gardens so popular. That you do not need much space, proves this small area behind the half-timbered house. Only a book border and a lawn path separate the vegetable garden compartment, where medicinal herbs and vegetables grow, from the perennial border

Classic floor plan and construction

The "Bauerngarten Hamburger Art" has a rectangular, usually even square, floor plan, which is divided by a crossroads. In any case, the plant follows a simple geometric pattern. The central point, the Rondell, is often accented with a rose, a small tree or a round bed. It is also advisable to install a well or a water catchment basin in the center. Depending on the size of the property, you can make the garden completely as a cottage garden or separate a part for it. Traditionally, the farmer's garden is bordered by a simple picket or fence fence to keep hungry pets and wild animals out of the flower beds. But not only the garden itself is fenced by a fence or a hedge, the individual beds get a clear border. The paths are usually not sealed in the cottage garden to emphasize the natural character. A cost-effective solution is a lawn or gravel path. For practical reasons, bark mulch can be used as it is easy to disperse and replenish, and its undecomposed tannins suppress weed growth. Particularly impressive are pavements made of clinker or natural stone.

Bauerngarten Hamburger Art

Following the example of old monastery gardens, this garden is separated by a crossroads into four equal sections. Bark mulch on the paths prevents weeds from germinating. Low book hedges frame the colorful mixture of herbs, vegetables and typical farmer garden flowers such as marigold, tagetes and phlox. A lush rotoe climbing lake marks the center

Beeteinfassungen for the farmers garden

Clinker and natural stone can also be used wonderfully to surround the beds, as well as upright wooden planks stuck in the ground. Low masonry made of brick or wooden slats are just like braided WeidenzÀunchen. The boxwood hedge as a frame classic has lost some of its popularity, as the small-leaved shrubs are very much damaged by the caterpillars of the boxwood, an immigrant butterfly. Alternative plants are low varieties of Japanese holly (Ilex crenata), which resemble the book in growth and cut tolerance, or upholstery plants such as blue cuscions or cabbage.

Farmhouse pasture fence

A wicker fence with plants on both sides and decorative flower pots give the garden a special charm from the outside as well

The farmer garden planting

The typical farmhouse flair is created by the combination of vegetable and herbal corners with colorful flowerbeds. In the cottage garden, the mixed culture rules. In this way, the bed area is optimally utilized while promoting soil and plant health. For example, old fashioned marigolds and modern cocktail tomatoes can grow side by side or exotic leafy cilantro and proven cabbage varieties. Purple sun hat harmonizes in sunny places on well-drained soils next to nettles, low blue winglet and filigree feather grass or forms a nice contrast to the tender umbels of pink flowering sharply. However, it is advisable to think about good neighborhoods in the plant combination. When using Tagetes for example, caution is advised: The small flowering plants make wonderful splashes of color in the beds and distribute certain pests, such as nematodes, but unfortunately also attract snails, which does not get well above all salad and other low-growing vegetables!

marigold

Sweetpea

The marigold (Calendula officinalis) brings good mood to the bed with its yellow or orange-red flower wheels (left).It is sown directly from April and flowers into the fall. Its flower stems are well suited for bouquets, and their petals spice up each leafy salad. The lavender vetch (Lathyrus odoratus) is the most beautiful Zaungucker one can wish for (right). Their spherical seeds can be sown directly from March to May. At the fence or another climbing aid, their tendrils will stop

Characteristic ornamental plants for the cottage garden are a mix of lush flowering perennials, dahlias and annual summer flowers such as vetch, zinnia and nasturtium, which can be easily preferred in spring. The numerous flowers attract many bees and beneficial insects. One or the other rose may show its fragrant flowers in the bed or on the garden fence and the versatile elder or a berry fruit should not be missing in the cottage garden. If you have more space, you can include a fruit tree in the planning. If individual areas remain free for a while, green manure plants such as mustard and honeybees inhibit weed growth, fill the bare areas in the bed and additionally enrich the soil with nutrients.

This is how the farmers garden shines all year round

At a cottage garden plantation in the spring, it is called paddling instead of smudging, because a cottage garden looks particularly by its opulence. For a generous planting you need a lot of different perennials, herbs and summer flowers. The cultivation succeeds more cost-effectively, if you use as many plants as possible from seeds. It is therefore best to collect the seeds of your favorite plants for sowing the following spring during the summer, and sow the biennials in the fall.

Gardening in the cottage garden

The versatile Elderberry may not be missing in the cottage garden. From the end of May bloom its delicate umbels, which can be processed to delicious elderberry syrup and hollerkĂŒchlein. But do not harvest everything, because the berries maturing in autumn are a sought after basis for vitamin-rich juice and liqueur

When planting a cottage garden, be sure to choose plants that will flower and ripen in turn. Gold varnish, tulips, violets and daffodils ring in the spring, snapdragon, safflower, gladiolus, lilac and phlox bloom in the summer next to fragrant herbs and the first fruit and vegetable harvest. In autumn fall anemones, sun hat, asters and glowing pumpkins decorate the flower beds. White, yellow or red coneflower, globe thistle, goat's beard, yarrow, tall fat hen, fire-herb and winter-hardy ornamental grasses remain as winter decorations - not only for decoration but also as winter food for the birds.

Matching decoration

In the modern farmer's garden, the gardeners usually go beyond the strict classical structure, since the ornamental and recreational value of the garden now occupies a higher priority than the kitchen garden. The planting of a farmer's garden is therefore usually not confined to the bordered flower beds. For example, for a rustic setting, plant pots can simply be placed in a fruit tray made of wood. Wicker baskets look planted with a varied flowering plant mixture very beautiful.

scarecrow

Homemade scarecrows are a real eye-catcher in the garden and can also be redecorated seasonally

A special charm adds to the look of the antique, such as a zinc tub, discovered at the flea market or a milk pot from the loft. Even a retired wheelbarrow or some old rubber boots can serve as attractive planters. But do not forget to provide all useless vessels with vent holes, so that pouring water or rainwater can run off unhindered! Naked tree trunks serve as a framework for romantic rambler roses and old garden tools, taps and bins can be included in the design. Wooden garden furniture perfectly matches the rustic ambience. Simple wooden fences, narrow gravel paths, wicker trellises and homemade scarecrows make the modern country idyll unique.

Video Board: How To Create A Cottage Garden | Waitrose Garden.

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