Fast-growing trees - 18 ideal coniferous and deciduous trees


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Dawn redwood tree - Metawequoia glyptostroboides

Native conifers are outnumbered by a living fossil from China when it comes to growth rate. The Dawn redwood is the record holder among the conifers with an annual growth of up to 1 meter. Regardless of the name similarity, the tree is not related to the expansive sequoias of North America. On the contrary, the Asian conifer develops a slender figure with a conical crown, so it does not claim too much garden space. Moreover, the dawn redwood tree is one of the few conifers that discard their needles in the winter, having said goodbye with a furious play of colors.
  • Annual growth: 60 to 100 cm
  • Growth height: up to 3500 cm
Sickle fir (Cryptomeria japonica)

Cinnamon fir - Cryptomeria japonica

In order to discover another fast-growing conifer, we are looking to Asia. In Japan, the cedar is intensively used for forestry, because it not only looks beautiful, but also grows rapidly. The name refers to the elegantly curved, dark green needles that gather close together on green shoots. An important aspect of the care program is winter protection in the first five to six years. This time takes a Sicheltanne to develop in the Central European climate, a stable frost hardness.
  • Annual growth: 50 to 70 cm
  • Growth height: 1000 to 1500 cm
Blue Atlas Cedar (Cedrus atlantica 'Glauca')
For a conifer, their growth is breathtakingly fast. In addition, the Blue Atlas cedar scores with a wide variety of site wishes, because it thrives in any soil that is not desert-dry. Since the tree never takes off its blue-gray needle dress, it adorns the garden all year round. Above all, its conical crown is of decorative, far-reaching effect, because it is composed of picturesque, slightly overhanging branches. The brown cones often linger over several years as a natural decoration on the branches.
  • Annual growth: 30 to 50 cm
  • Growth height: 1000 to 2000 cm
Red spruce, Norway spruce, red spruce (Picea abies)

common spruce - Picea abies

In the low mountain ranges, the red spruce is a familiar sight because it is often used for forestry thanks to its vigor. As a symbol of strength and fertility, the vigorous spruce in southern Germany serves as the most popular maypole species. The beautiful habit and the rich green needles also qualify the conifers for the ideal house tree for the large garden. The red spruce owes its name to a reddish colored bark, which turns brown only at an advanced age.
  • Annual growth: 25 to 50 cm
  • Growth height: 2000 to 3500 cm
Tip: Abundant watering and regular fertilization work wonders for the growth of coniferous and deciduous trees. Especially in the first weeks after planting, the water supply may be generous. Give a good portion of ripe compost in the planting hole, the nutrient requirement is sufficiently covered from the beginning.
Larch (Larix decidua)

European larch - Larix decidua

The growth of the European larch is not only a fast pace. The Tree of the Year 2012 is also the only European conifer that drops its leaves in winter following a golden foliage color. To this evolutionary step, the conifer decided to be better prepared for the rigors of winter.
  • Annual growth: 25 to 50 cm
  • Growth height: 1500 to 3000 cm
Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)
The Douglas fir is so familiar to us in forests, parks and gardens that it is often mistaken for a native conifer. In fact, the pine plant from North America found its way to us; not least due to the fast growth and a slim, shapely silhouette. Douglas fir can reach a biblical age of up to 400 years, with rapid youth growth gradually decreasing but never completely halting.
  • Annual growth: 30 to 50 cm
  • Growth height: 3000 to 4000 cm

Fast growing deciduous trees

Norway maple (Acer platanoides)

Pedunculate oak - Quercus robour

As a legendary, charismatic and majestic landmark of our forests, the German Oak also fulfills the desire for a fast-growing deciduous tree with flying colors. The characteristic oak leaves form on strong branches to a round, expansive crown. Dainty kitten flowers appear in May, turning into crisp-brown acorns in the fall. If you love an oak tree as a guiding figure in the garden, future generations will also enjoy the beautiful tree, because the average life expectancy is 500 to 800 years.
  • Annual growth: 25 to 50 cm
  • Growth height: 2500 to 3500 cm
European beech (Fagus sylvatica)

European beech - Fagus sylvatica

Fast growth is just one of the many benefits.The native European beech is at the top of the list of the ideal deciduous trees for the garden thanks to its modest demands and a long life expectancy of up to 400 years. The green leaves turn yellow-orange-brown in autumn and remain hanging on the branches until the end of winter.
  • Annual growth: 20 to 50 cm
  • Growth height: 1000 to 3000 cm
Bluebell tree (Paulownia tomentosa)

Bluebell tree - Paulownia tomentosa

One of the most beautiful trees of the Mediterranean conquers the hearts of gardeners by storm. The Blauglockenbaum combines violet-blue flowers and ornamental, velvety hairy leaves with rapid growth. Until the 30 cm long flower spikes unfold in April and May over the huge ornamental leaves, you will not be long on the torture. In the sunny, warm location and with winter protection in the first years, the Mediterranean gem gives you the first flowering time after only 5 years.
  • Annual growth: 40 to 70 cm
  • Growth height: 800 to 1500 cm
Japanese carnation (Prunus serrulata)
In terms of growth rate and flowering splendor, the Japanese carnation is at eye level with the bluebell tree. The only drawback is the very short time of the lavish, pink flower, which extends only from early to mid-May. This shortcoming makes up for the Asian-tree beauty with a red and yellow flames in the fall before the leaves fall to the ground.
  • Annual growth: 40 to 70 cm
  • Growth height: 800 to 1000 cm
Rowan, rowan (Sorbus aucuparia)
With a rowanberry as a fast-growing house tree, you demonstrate the bond with nature. The woody plant is one of the most valuable bird plants of our forests due to the rich berries. In the garden, the tree trumps with white, large panicle flowers from May to June, followed by the bright red berries over yellow-orange colored leaves in autumn. Because the fruits are slightly toxic when eaten raw, the mountain ash should be out of the reach of children and pets.
  • Annual growth: 30 to 70 cm
  • Growth height: 600 to 1200 cm
Trumpet Tree (Catalpa bignonioides)

Trumpet Tree - Catalpa bignonioides

The trumpet tree does not waste much time in the growth of a powerful trunk. Rather, the tree spends its energy in the formation of a magnificent, densely branched crown with huge ornamental leaves. Its appearance is therefore characterized by a short trunk and a sweeping crown, which should be taken into account when choosing a location. In contrast to the well-known ball-trumpet tree, the pure species blooms in summer with white panicle flowers and gains even in later years even further in height.
  • Annual growth: 30 to 50 cm
  • Growth height: 1000 to 1500 cm
Vinegar Tree, Hirschkolbensumach (Rhus typhina)

Birches - Betula

The characteristic, white bark and elongated crown of drooping branches reveal the white birch from afar. You do not have to wait long for the native deciduous tree to play its decorative charms in all its glory. After just a few years, the hanging birch has reached its yardstick. The deciduous tree accomplishes this feat in almost all soils, whereupon its second name 'TrĂŒmmerbaum' can be traced back. Where no other tree thrives, the sand birch runs unimpressed to its peak.
  • Annual growth: 35 to 45 cm
  • Growth height: 1500 to 2500 cm
Ash, tall ash, common ash (Fraxinus excelsior)
Are you looking for a really big and fast growing generation tree? Then you should not miss the Hohe Esche, because it is considered the highest deciduous tree in Europe. The enormous height of 40 meters achieves the tree, however, only under ideal light and soil conditions. Especially in the course of the youth phase, the ash shows a rapid growth, which goes both in the width and in the height. Therefore, only consider the cultivation of the common ash if your garden has a park-like extension.
  • Annual growth: 30 to 45 cm
  • Growth height: 2000 to 2500 cm, rarely up to 4000 cm
Aspen, Aspenwood (Populus tremula)
Representing the species-rich genus of poplars in this selection is called the decorative aspen. It is not the fear of adverse conditions that makes this poplar tremble. Rather, it owes its name to the innumerable, pretty leaves that tremble unmistakably even in a gentle wind. Wherever it is necessary to green the garden within a short time, the aspen is reliable. In the wild, the tree operates as a valuable pioneer plant, to reforest fallow areas quickly.
  • Annual growth: 40 to 80 cm
  • Growth height: 1000 to 2000 cm, rarely up to 3000 cm
Tip: The time of planting has a significant influence on the growth rate. Well-founded statistics have shown that trees planted in the autumn grow twice as fast in the first year of growth, as in the spring planted in the spring.
Winter Linden, Stone Linden (Tilia cordata)
The winter linden has earned a box seat in the garden not only because of its vigor.Its green-yellow summer flowers emit a seductive scent that attracts industrious bees in droves. The result is known to honey lovers as valuable linden blossom honey. The fragrance blossom spectacle is accompanied by heart-shaped jewelry leaves, which are dull green on top and blue-green on the underside. Before the leaves fall off in winter, it assumes an intense autumn color.
  • Annual growth: 30 to 50 cm
  • Growth height: 1500 to 3000 cm

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