Fast-growing trees and shrubs: rapid shade donors


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Many hobby gardeners have prejudices against fast-growing trees and shrubs: they believe that what grows fast is bound to be too big for the garden - especially since the new building plots offered are getting smaller and smaller.
Instead, they prefer to buy slow-growing dwarf shrubs, although in most cases they are unlikely to be used to set sights in the garden. Above all, the successful formation of space is a very important feature of beautifully landscaped gardens: Only when the third dimension in the form of hedges, tall perennial beds or larger trees as a shade donor is well developed on the newly planted property, you feel really well in his garden.

Fast growing flowering shrubs

In addition, the growth rate of the woody plants can by no means be deduced from their final size. The best example is the popular summer lilac (Buddleja davidii): As a young plant it shows a considerable growth rate and within a few years man-high. Even more impressive is its growth, if you cut back the old flower shoots in early spring vigorously to achieve larger flowers. The loss of substance makes up for the plants within one season and the new shoots are again up to two meters long in autumn. However, if one refrains from the pruning, the growth decreases rapidly and with about 3.5 meters the flower shrub reaches its final size.

Summer lilac Buddleja davidii

Scented Jasmine Philadelphus

The fast-growing summer lilac (Buddleja davidii, left) attracts countless butterflies with its flowers. The scented jasmine (Philadelphus, right) blooms in early summer and is also called the pipe shrub

Various simple spring and early summer flowering shrubs such as forsythia, currant jasmine and scented jasmine (Philadelphus) are quite cheap as young shrubs in the sales size 100 to 150 centimeters and arise, planted as a flower hedge, after two to three years, a good privacy. If you are looking for a native flower shrub, you will find a real growth rocket in the Black Elder with a house garden suitable final size. He grows 60 to 80 centimeters per year and reaches a height of about five meters.

Deciduous trees: fast shade donors

For trees, the selection of fast-growing and yet garden-suitable species is already much smaller, because willows, poplars and plane trees grow quickly, but usually burst with their final size the dimensions of a normal home garden. But there are more compact alternatives that grow quickly and are visually absolutely gregarious - for example, the large-leaved bluebell tree (Paulownia tomentosa), which displays its beautiful blue flower spikes in mild regions in June. It grows under good conditions 50 to 70 centimeters per year and reaches a tolerable for somewhat larger gardens final size of 10 to 15 meters. These proportions have in old age, the similarly fast-growing trumpet tree (Catalpa bignonioides). He also has very large leaves and forms in May white Blütenrispen.

Bluebell tree Paulownia tomentosa

Trumpet tree Catalpa bignonioides

The bluebell tree (Paulownia tomentosa, left) opens its flower spikes usually in June, the trumpet tree (Catalpa bignonioides, right) already in May

Those who prefer a smaller number are well served with the vinegar tree (Rhus typhina). He is four to six feet high and sets by 50 centimeters per year. With its umbrella-like crown and the great, bright orange autumn color it is an eye-catcher in every garden. However, it should be planted with a root barrier, as it is very prone to sloughing.

Fast growing conifers

A fast-growing, but also very tall conifer is the dawn redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides). However, the name is somewhat misleading, because it comes from East Asia and is not related as a cypress (Taxodiaceae) with the real North American redwoods. It grows as a young plant up to a meter per year. In Germany, it reaches a height of 35 meters in the age, but is very stable and forms a narrow and upright, conical crown, so he still does not take up too much floor space in the garden. In addition, he throws his leaves in the winter and does not offer the wind as much attack surface as the less stable spruce. Sickle firs (Cryptomeria japonica) also have a considerable growth rate of about 70 centimeters per season. They rarely reach higher than 15 meters in our latitudes. Incidentally, one of the fastest waxes among native conifers is the forest pine (Pinus sylvestris), which grows 40 to 50 centimeters a year.

Dawn redwood metasequoia glytrostroboides

Sickle fir Cryptomeria japonica

The dawn redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides, left) is indeed very large, but remains quite narrow and forms a picturesque rutted trunk with reddish bark.Cinnamon Fir (Cryptomeria japonica, right) is also a good choice for coniferous fans looking for a fast growing single tree

Fast growth saves money

The alternative to fast-growing trees and shrubs: One buys at the garden equal larger trees. However, this is associated with significantly higher costs, because every additional year in the nursery costs money. In addition, all trees in the nursery are transplanted every three years, so that the root ball remains compact, and you have to pay for this work when you buy the plants. For comparison, a dawn redwood of size 175 to 200 centimeters was transplanted three times, a much slower-growing yew of the same size already five times.

Water and fertilizer work wonders

If you prepare the soil optimally and supply your newly purchased trees with water and fertilizer after planting, you can - regardless of their growth strength - significantly accelerate growth. Above all, the effect of a good water supply is often underestimated - perhaps you have already noticed that the plants have grown particularly fast in their garden in rainy years? By the way, the planting time plays a not to be underestimated role: trees planted in the fall often grow twice as fast in the first year as spring-planted specimens, because their rooting at the start of the season is already well advanced.

Video Board: Growing Flower Gardens : How to Find Free Trees, Shrubs & Plants.

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