Ficus ginseng - cutting, multiplying and wintering

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There are numerous species of ficus, the most well-known of which is probably the birch fig, Ficus benjaminii. However, the rubber tree belongs to this plant species. All contain a milky juice containing resin, caoutchouc and furocoumarine. Sensitive people may experience inflammation on skin contact. For animals, the leaves are poisonous. People should not eat it too.
Short profile of Ficus ginseng

  • Mulberry greenhouse
  • Subspecies of the genus Ficus (fig)
  • Genus of gum trees
  • Comes from East Asia
  • Trivial name - laurel fig
  • Green leaves with rounded tips
  • The shoots sit on a bizarrely shaped root (aerial root) looking far out of the substrate
  • Both small mini plants available, as well as real trees
  • Often offered as bonsai
  • No flowers
  • Not hardy
Short summary about care
Ficus ginseng should stand bright, but not in the blazing sun. In summer, the plants enjoy a lot of fresh air, but they have to get used to the sun slowly. Brilliant midday sun is to be avoided. The plant prefers temperatures between 18 and 22° C. Casting must be done regularly, but not until the top layer of earth has dried. Waterlogging is essential to avoid. It is fertilized from April to September, once a month in a much weaker concentration than stated. You can repot the plant every two to three years, when the soil is heavily rooted. As a plant substrate is high quality potting soil. Well suited medium heavy humus soil. There are compost or garden earth in specialist shops, which can be mixed with peat. Important is a drainage in the planter, so that excess water can drain off quickly. Otherwise, not much to note.
  • In the summer outdoors
  • No direct sun, not even behind glass
  • Avoid draft
  • Drainage in the planter
  • Water regularly, but with feeling (finger test)
  • Not too wet
  • It is best to use rainwater
  • Spray rainwater every two to three days
  • Fertilize monthly, low dose
Cut ficus ginseng
The ficus is a vigorous growth. Many species grow 10 to 30 meters high. By a cut, but they can be kept small. Of course, a bonsai needs a very special cut, which is not discussed here. We are dealing with the normal Ficus ginseng, which is often sold as Bonsai. Usually you can already see on the planter that it is not, because the plants are not in a shell, but in a normal planter. Actually, a cut is not mandatory. If you have enough space, you can grow the plant. An advantage is a cut for the branch. The shoots grow denser, the ficus becomes bushier. It is important to remove dead and diseased shoots. They can be cut out throughout the year. A proper pruning is best done in the spring. You can shorten up to 1/3 of the plant. If the ficus has simply become too big, it can also be cut back more. As a rule, the plant also drives out of old wood again. Larger cuts should be treated with wood ash or wound closure. When cutting is important to wear gloves, because many people do not tolerate the escaping plant juice. Frequently, skin irritation occurs. The juice can also cause stains on the floor, so it is better covered before the cut.
  • Can not be cut
  • Promotes the branching
  • Cut out dead and sick wood regularly
  • Larger cutting measures in the spring
  • Be sure to use clean tools
  • wear gloves
Most lovers of Ficus ginseng cut back one to two thirds in the spring, removing dry or dead shoots and those that grow too much inside the plant. Branches that disturb the entire appearance can also be removed. So you can keep the plant pretty much the same size as it was initially adopted. The crown only becomes denser and more compact.
Increase ficus ginseng
Ficus Ginseng can be multiplied by seeds and cuttings, whereby the cuttings propagation succeeds quickly and easily. Most suitable are young, strong shoots, as they occur for example when pruning. They can easily be used for propagation. From the cuttings all leaves are removed except for the top pair of leaves. Then they are placed in a nutrient-poor substrate, which is well moistened. It must not be too wet. To increase the humidity, which promotes rooting, a transparent plastic bag is placed over the culture vessel. Sowed a warm and humid climate, which stimulates the rooting. It is important to air regularly so that no mold can form. Keep the soil of the soil moist evenly over the next few weeks.That the rooting has succeeded, can be seen in the growth of the cuttings. Once sufficient roots have formed, the young plantlet can be repotted. For a bonsai should be used Bonsaierde, otherwise it does the substrate described above.
  • Stecklingsvermehrung
  • Use straight shoots from the pruning
  • Remove all leaves except for one pair of leaves
  • Insert the cutting in a nutrient-poor substrate
  • Put the bag over it
  • Do not forget to air
  • Keep evenly moist
  • Warm and bright
Alternatively, you can put one or more cuttings in a water glass. They usually root well. If enough roots have formed, the cuttings can be planted and cultivated normally.
Tip: In dark vessels, the rooting is usually much better than in bright, or clear glass.
Hibernate Ficus ginseng
Also and especially in winter, Ficus ginseng needs enough light to make him feel good. A place in the window makes you feel good. Heat build-up can be avoided even in winter. It is important that the temperatures are not too high. Warm living rooms are not ideal. Then a high humidity is particularly important. Temperatures around 15° C are better. Then the plant enters a resting phase. There is also little watering. The cooler the temperatures in the room, the less water the ficus needs. However, temperatures should not drop below 12° C. It is not fertilized in winter so as not to disturb the rest.
  • Lots of light, but no heat build-up
  • Not too high temperatures
  • Around the 15° C are ideal
  • Not below 12° C
  • Pour less
  • The cooler the temperatures, the less water
  • High humidity - spray the plant
In winter, diseases and pests often occur. Diseases are usually caused by care mistakes. Pests usually become too warm during winter and low humidity. Signs and mealybugs occur quite often. Spider mites can be a problem if the humidity is too low. It is important to discover the pests early, before they can proliferate too much.
Ficus ginseng is nowadays often offered in the plant trade. Even discount stores lead them every now and then in their assortment. It will simply mass propagation performed. Nonetheless, it is an interesting houseplant, very noticeable and bizarre. The care is pretty easy if you have a good stand and suitable substrate available. In winter, the plants like a bit cooler, which is often a problem. Hibernation is common in warm wintering. The propagation through cuttings succeeds easily. When cutting it depends on what you want to achieve. For the bonsai cultivation a certain cut is made. For the normal culture one can prune his plant neatly in the spring, so that it remains compact and in form. A cut is not mandatory. All in all, the Ficus ginseng is a worthwhile houseplant.

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