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Fire doors - testing & maintenanceFire doors can not prevent fires, they protect openings in fire-retardant or fire-resistant walls against the passage of fire. The installation of these doors is regulated by law in the respective state building regulations or in special construction regulations.
Each federal state has its own building code. There are different fire resistance classes. T30, T60. T90, T120 and T180. The numbers indicate the minutes that the doors must prevent the ingress of fire (not smoke) and still open. There are fire-retardant doors, high-fire-resistant doors and fire-resistant doors. The use of the building determines the necessary fire resistance class. Fire doors can also be smoke tight, but they do not have to.
Fire doors must be approved by the Deutsches Institut für Bautechnik. Mostly you get the approval for 5 years. You have to make an application, even for extension, if necessary. Without the approval, the door must not be used as a fire door. This is also the case when the approval expires. On the doors must be permanently attached a sign, from which one can take the registration number.
Anyone who is familiar with this can choose the type of door
(one or more flights), how long it is fire retardant, by whom it is monitored and recognize the authorization and the associated number. The number may not be removed. The regular inspections of the fire doors may only be carried out by a specialist
be made. The result and time of the test are recorded in a test report and must be kept by the operator of the door. The test report is evidence against authorities and insurance companies.
The maintenance of fire doors is necessary for them to retain their life-saving functions. The maintenance is the responsibility of the owner of the property. Although this person can carry out the necessary work himself, it is better to hire a specialist to do so. The maintenance should be at least every 12 months
be made. If something is not working according to plan, so the door is very heavy or makes unusual noises, it is essential to consult a specialist.
If you do not regularly service the fire door, you have unlimited liability towards third parties, are not entitled to any warranty, may be required by the building authority to evacuate and the fire insurance may be extinguished. Suppliers of fire doors also like to take care of the maintenance.