Fire-Geissschlinge - Plants, Care and Hibernation


The Content Of The Article:

The fire-hissing loop in the garden really causes a stir. This succeeds the vigorous creeper not least by their sensational flowers.

Fire Geißschlinge

The attractive play of colors of the fire-hissing snake accompanies you into the autumn and in the evenings the fire-honeysuckle beguiles with a sensual floral scent. More than three meters, the plants can grow up and beautify gates, fences or facades. The plant is easy to maintain and can therefore be cultivated without problems. In the following, you will learn what to look out for when caring for and cultivating the plants and how to preserve their flowers for a long time.

plant Description

The fire-hissing snare catches the eye. This is not just attributable to the height of growth of two to four meters. Already early in the year, the dark green leaves show a blue-green tint on their underside. Between April and October, the foliage becomes an eye-catcher. From June to September, the colorful, fragrant flowers join. In ideal conditions it is not uncommon for the flower to show itself until the first frost. The plants are native to Europe, Asia and the United States and thus well adapted to our climate.

The Fire-Geissschlinge is not a pure climbing plant, but a creeper. Accordingly, the adhesive roots are missing. So the Fire-Geissschlinge needs our support and has to get a climbing aid.

With heights of growth of up to four meters, the honeysuckle belongs to the small-sized representatives of honeysuckles. The garden honeysuckle or the forest honeysuckle loops up to ten meters.

When does the fire-hissing loop flower?

You can look forward to a decidedly flowering plant. The first flowers show up in June and the flowering period usually lasts until September. In ideal conditions, the plants often start a new fireworks display, which can last until the first frost. The flowers reach a length of about four centimeters. Outside, the flower is purple colored. Inside, the flower has a yellowish-white color. If the flower is blooming, it turns completely yellow.

A special feature is the intense, reminiscent of vanilla fragrance. With a little luck, you can also experience the training of about pea-sized red fruits. The inedible berries, however, are only rarely developed.

Various honeysuckle species presented

In addition to the fire honeysuckle about 180 different plant species are known. All occurring varieties are perennial creepers with attractive flowers, which require relatively little care.

❍ Evergreen honeysuckle:

Even in winter, the evergreen honeysuckle convinces with its foliage. As an alternative to ivy, the evergreen honeysuckle can be used for year-round greening of facades. The plant was brought from China to Europe at the beginning of the 20th century. Depending on its location, the evergreen honeysuckle can reach up to ten meters in growth height. If the plant is unable to absorb nutrients via the roots in winter, the leaves may also curl up or possibly fall off. As a rule, however, it comes in spring to re-emergence.

❍ Red honeysuckle:

The red honeysuckle impresses with its red blossom. The flowering period extends from June to October. The maximum height of growth here is only two to three meters. This honeysuckle strain is robust and also very well adapted to the urban climate. The leaves appear in April and in mild temperatures, the foliage is not thrown off in winter. The soil should be nutrient-rich. A partially shaded location is preferred.

❍ Gold honeysuckle:

The gold honeysuckle is extremely vigorous and can grow up to twelve meters under favorable site conditions. A lush blossom features the gold honeysuckle. However, the flowering period is limited to the months of May and June. High humidity and city climate are well tolerated. The plants can form strong stems. The occasionally formed red berries serve the birds in autumn as a source of food.

❍ Garden honeysuckle:

This garden plant is quite old and comes from the south of Europe and from Asia. In Germany, the garden honeysuckle occasionally also appears wild. The strongly fragrant flowers appear in May and June, every now and then it comes in the fall to another flowering. The plant is particularly susceptible to infestation with mildew and has therefore become a less common lover's plant.

The right location and the right substrate for the fire-hissing loop

If you are looking for a low-maintenance beauty in your garden, it is worthwhile to take a closer look at the planting of the fire-hissing sling.The plants are nicknamed "Jelängerjelieber" and in fact one can hardly see enough of the blossoms reminiscent of orchids. So that the popular creeper soon admires in your garden, you should pay a lot of attention to the planting.

Location:

So that the plant delights with lush growth and flower, you should not leave the location to chance. The plant best tolerates a partially shaded location. But it is also possible to cultivate the fire hissing snake in the shade. Above all, the trunk of the fire honeysuckle should always be in the shade. Less tolerates the fire-Geißschlinge a full sunshine stand. If the plant is too hot and you pour too little, it comes quickly to a Verkahlung. In addition, the growth slows down and the bloom stays out. Often the plants also dry up and enter.

substrate:

In the claims to the ground, the fire honeysuckle shows less picky. With normal garden soil the creeper usually gets along well. It should be a fresh and nutritious soil. This favors the addition of compost or horn shavings. Pay attention to the permeability of the substrate, because waterlogging does not tolerate the plant. In return, it must not come to a dehydration of the root. Therefore, it is advantageous if it is permanently in the shade. Incidentally, you can improve the water permeability by adding grit or sand to the soil.

Plant fire-egg snatch - step by step instructions

These are absolutely hardy plants, so you can plant the fire-hissing snake in spring and autumn. Proceed as follows:

  1. Select location.
  2. Remove soil from weeds and stones.
  3. Dig out the planting hole in double width and depth of the root ball.
  4. Enrich substrate with compost, sand or grit.
  5. Insert plant. For several plants, keep half a meter of planting distance.
  6. Close planting hole.
  7. Press down on the floor.
  8. Protect surface with stones or ground covers from the sun.
  9. Watering the plant.
  10. Attach a climbing aid (such as wire ropes, bamboo poles, fences, posts, gates).

Cultivate the fire hissing loop in the bucket

The Fire-Geissschlinge can also be cultivated in the bucket. In order for the root ball to spread, a sufficiently large planter is an advantage. Since the plant is very sensitive to waterlogging, you must first check the planter for sufficient drainage holes in the soil. A drainage of potsherds or gravel, attached to the bottom of the planter, further improves the permeability of the soil. Container plants need a nutrient-rich substrate and should occasionally be supplied with liquid fertilizer for flowering plants. The location of the container plant should also be well considered, because even in the bucket needs the fire-Geißschlinge a trellis.

Recommended reading: Making trellises from willow branches - creative support for plants made of natural materials

This is how to properly care for the fire-hissing snare

To water:

If you have chosen a partially shaded spot and especially the root area is in the shade, you can do without regular irrigation during outdoor planting. Regular water intake is necessary only for longer periods of drought. Tap water is often too calcareous. Therefore, you should water the plants with rainwater. You need to water container plants more often. This not only affects hot summer days, even in winter the soil must not dry out and sporadic irrigation on frost-free days is also advisable.

Fertilize:

For outdoor plants, it is advisable to enrich the soil with compost already during planting. This gives the plant an effective long-term fertilizer and further fertilizer inputs are not necessary.

Tip:
Compost can be mixed under the substrate in spring and autumn. However, this should be done carefully. The fire honeysuckle is a shallow root and the roots could be injured.

If the honeysuckle is in the bucket, the plant has less substrate available. The limited supply of nutrients can be obtained with commercially available liquid fertilizer, which you administer every four weeks during the spring and summer months.

Cut:

So that the plants do not corrode, you should cut back into the old wood perform. This can be done in late autumn or in early spring. It should always be a frost-free day. Cut back only individual shoots and avoid the radical pruning. The plants often react sensitively to cutting measures and then drive out only tentatively again. Be sure to use sharp and high-quality garden tools so as not to injure the plant unnecessarily.

You should also light up the plants occasionally. The right time for this are the months of January to March. You should remove old and sick shoots. Distant and woody shoots should not be disposed of under any circumstances.These can eventually be used as cuttings to propagate the plant.

Wintering:

The Fire-Geissschlinge is hardy and therefore does not need any special protection during the cold season. However, this only applies to outdoor plants. Planting tubs must be well wrapped with garden fleece or coconut mats. The soil should be protected from frost with leaves or brushwood.

Loss of leaves or curling of leaves may well occur in winter. This reduces the plant's nutritional needs. The plants take no damage and in the spring is also the new release. Smaller potted plants can be kept indoors in a cool but frost-free place. Usually, however, it is almost impossible because the vigorous creepers can not be transported when fully grown.

Detect diseases and pests on the fire-hissing snare

Fire Honeysuckle

The Fire-Geissschlinge is quite robust and easy-care, but it can still happen from time to time that diseases occur or the plant is attacked by pests. Not infrequently, these circumstances are due to care mistakes. At the fire-hissing snake have been observed:

Powdery mildew - danger to leaves and shoots:

The fire-hiss-snare can be attacked by the real and the wrong mildew. A sure indicator of the occurrence of the fungal disease is a greyish-white, floury-appearing deposit on the leaves. In powdery mildew, the coating on the top of the leaves is characterized. If you do not treat it in time, the leaves turn brown and finally fall off. In the downy mildew, the leaves show a gray-purple discoloration on their undersides. Powdery mildew occurs more often when the plant lacks moisture. The infestation of downy mildew, however, is promoted by casting defects and too much moisture.

What should I do?
You can prevent the mildew by moderately watering the plants. Waterlogging is to be avoided in any case. Afflicted plant parts must also be removed generously. However, you must not dispose of powdery plant parts on the compost. A very effective remedy for mildew is, for example, a milk-water mixture, with which you regularly spray the plant.

❍ aphids - the gluttonous visitors:

Aphids seem to have a special predilection for the honeysuckle. They especially like to settle on the flowers. While they are sitting there, they excrete honeydew. This greasy coating then covers and glues the plant.

What should I do?
Aphids can be controlled very well by natural means. If you detect the infestation on time, it may already be sufficient if you spray the plant with water. Other effective solutions are treatments with soapy water or nettle (manual making nettle jumbo). Even brushing the shoots with olive oil or neem oil has been proven.

❍ Root rot - the undiscovered danger:

If the plants are permanently too wet, root rot can occur. This remains undetected for a relatively long time, since the above-ground parts of the plant are initially unseen. An infestation can only be recognized when it comes to the withering of the leaves and death of the shoots. Root rot can not only be seen but also smelled. If a foul smell rises, there is an urgent need for action.

What should I do?
Unfortunately, the plants are usually beyond saving. Younger plants are easier to transplant, which should happen immediately. Home remedies are ineffective in root rot. Just the good aeration of the soil and the prevention of waterlogging serve as reliable preventive measures.

How to multiply the Fire-Geissschlinge?

The Fire-Geissschlinge can be multiplied in different ways. The multiplication is quite straightforward and usually brings guaranteed success. You can multiply the plant via cuttings, seeders and by sowing.

Propagation by cuttings:

With the propagation by cuttings you should start in early spring. It should be a mild and frost free day. The time should be chosen so that it did not come to the renewal after the winter. Then proceed as follows:

Cut the slightly woody shoots to a length of about ten centimeters. Then remove the lower leaves. Only on a few centimeters, the foliage is preserved. The cuttings are grown in a mixture of potting soil and sand. For this purpose, preferably position the planter bright and warm. You must now keep the substrate moist on a regular basis. Also spray the cuttings regularly with water, as this promotes growth. After a few weeks, the first new shoots will show up. You can then assume a successful rooting of the plant. If the cuttings have been growing for a few months, you can plant them outdoors.

Propagation by sinker:

Slightly more complicated and complicated is the increase by lowering. You have to introduce a ground-level shoot in the spring in the ground and complain or fix.The shoot tips must not be covered with earth. Where the roots are supposed to form, you have to slightly scratch the shoot with a knife. Moisten the earth and wait. In a few months, new roots will have formed so that you can separate the sinker from the mother plant and replant it.

Propagation by seeds:

If you have a bit of patience, you can multiply the fire-hissing loop by sowing. The seeds can be obtained directly from already existing plants or purchased commercially. If the seeds are harvested in the fall, they can be brought forward immediately in seedling soil. The seeds should only be covered thinly with soil and then keep the substrate evenly moist. The germination period at room temperature is then about one month. Before you plant the young plants, you should give them some time for development.

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