The Content Of The Article:
- Pouring and fertilizing
- Propagation and cultivation
- Diseases and pests
Also known as the king or Alexander palm, the fire palm is becoming increasingly popular in our latitudes. Originally native to Australia, the ornamental plant needs optimal environmental conditions to thrive. If the location, temperatures, water and nutrients supply, the plant grows very fast and can spread in a short time. However, used to warm temperatures, the fir tree needs an adequate winter quarters. Otherwise, however, the plant is easy to maintain and is - apart from the slightly more demanding propagation - also suitable for beginners.
LocationThe plant native to Australia, which mainly grows in humid areas in its country of origin, also requires a location with the highest possible humidity and high temperatures in our latitudes. However, care should be taken not to expose the crop to the blazing sun; Although the fir tree also thrives in full sun, it is essential to protect it from the strong midday heat. In contrast, the plant feels particularly comfortable in partially shaded areas of the local green space, as long as the selected place offers high humidity.
However, the optimal location also depends on the age of the fire palm; In principle, young plants do not tolerate strong heat, whereas older plants may well be exposed to the blazing sun for hours after careful adaptation without being damaged. In addition to the type of solar radiation, the temperature also plays a decisive role in a successful attitude of the fire palm; The plant feels particularly comfortable when it is warm between 19 and 24° C.
In addition, sufficient brightness is required for good growth. From the claims, which places the plant in the optimal location, there are different possible areas in which one can set up the palm tree. These include:
- a light-filled conservatory
- a sheltered area on the balcony or the terrace
- a partially shaded area in the garden
substratumIn order for the fir tree to feel at home in the chosen location, it is important to provide it with an optimal substrate. Particularly suitable in this context is a high-quality soil that allows both light and moisture through. In addition, attention must be paid to the optimum pH of the earth, which should be slightly acidic. Above all, a mixture of different components has proved its worth, for example
- - compost
- - earth
- - Broken clay break or lava granulate
- - and gravel.
Over the years, fir palms are not only less sensitive to the location - robustness also gradually increases with respect to substrate requirements. So hobby gardeners can also use pure soil in older plants, for example compost or humus soil. However, this should preferably also be light and water permeable. Some specimen are so hardened that they can cope with pure garden soil.
Pouring and fertilizing
For casting, use only soft water, which has the best room temperature. In addition, the leaves of the plant should be sprayed regularly with water. In addition to an optimal irrigation of the fir tree, a specific fertilization is required so that the plant is supplied with all vital nutrients.
Here are the following points to consider:
- fertilize twice a month
- Fertilization exclusively during the growth phase (April to October).
- commercial leaf plant fertilizer for healthy plants
- Palm fertilizer for the special needs
maintenanceIf the fire palm is regularly poured and fertilized, it needs little care otherwise. However, under optimal conditions, the plant often grows very quickly, so that the planters can become too narrow in a short time. Then it is important to repot the plant to give the roots more room again.Many copies of the fire palm need to be repotted once a year. At the latest when the pot is completely rooted, the move is in a larger vessel. It has been proven to choose a pot that is about 2 numbers larger than the last - this corresponds to an additional diameter of about 3cm.
The repotting should be done before the start of the growth phase, so that the plant has enough time to get used to the new pot. A good time is the early spring, when the first rays of the sun already warm the plant, but the growth process has not yet begun. When repotting the following steps are to be observed:
- Carefully loosen the substrate baked with the pot
- remove dried or rotten root
- Fill pot with expanded clay and soil
- Insert plant and straighten
- Set pouring edge
Propagation and cultivation
The following should be noted:
- Soak seeds overnight in room-warm water (Vorquellen)
- Sow seeds in nutrient-poor growing substrate (eg moist coconut fiber)
- Sowing depth: 1-2cm
- Cultivation temperature: 20-26° C
About eight weeks after budding, the plant is placed in a tall pot; In this way, the experienced hobby gardener avoids that the plant lifts out of the pot - because the growth then progresses quickly. It should be noted that the young plant should not be exposed to the blazing sun. In the penumbra she is best kept.
overwinterNo matter if the fir tree has got a place within the garden or on the balcony - when the warm season comes to an end, every hobby gardener has to think about relocating. The palms are only able to withstand temperatures around the freezing point for a short time and should even be placed under frost protection at temperatures as low as 5° C. The optimal winter quarters should meet the following conditions:
- Protection from rain and snow
- sufficient brightness
- Temperatures between 10 and 15° C
- Protection against dry air
Diseases and pests
Not only in winter, but increasingly in the cold season, appear as classical pests of the fire palm the following species:
- spider mites
Among the classic diseases that are based on typical care mistakes, the root rot counts. If water was not poured evenly and waterlogging has occurred in the meantime, the root can be damaged considerably and gradually fade away. It has proven in this case to put the plant in new, dry soil. But even on the leaves damage can be caused by various care mistakes.
If these turn brown, for example, the following causes may be considered:
- Acquired by continuous casting
- Fouling after pest infestation
- General nutritional deficiency