Process firewood: How to saw and split properly


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Firewood needs to be planned with foresight, because the wood should dry for about two years before it is burned. Although you can buy oven-ready logs, but if you take the sawing and splitting itself, it is cheaper - and chopping wood is also sporting activity in the gardening poor season. Ideal firewood supplies the beech. For closed stoves and the cheaper spruce or pine wood is well suited because of its resin and the associated sparks flight but less for the fireplace. Here birch wood is popular: it burns with a bluish flame and smells pleasant.

Split fresh wood

If you have got the wood delivered or fetched, you should first crush it and then stack it to dry. On the one hand, fresh wood is easier to split, on the other hand, small logs dry faster than large ones. Shortening the long trunk pieces to oven-length is most secure with a so-called seesaw circular saw. In table saws, the risk of injury is significantly higher. Also, working with a chainsaw is not without danger. Here is protective equipment such as cut protection pants and face protection necessary. Also, a chainsaw course should be completed, in which one learns the safe handling of the device and also the proper care of the engine and chain. It is usually offered by the regional forestry office.

The right ax length

The wrong ax length

The right length of a splitting ax

If you are chopping a lot of wood, you should use an ax that fits your height to work optimally. With a simple test, you can check the length of the purchase: grab the ax with one hand directly behind the head and extend the arm horizontally. If the stem reaches up to the armpit, it has the right length (photo right)

wood splitter

The wood is best split with a splitting ax. Its wedge-shaped blade breaks the wood effectively. But even with the narrow blade of a universal text you can shred wood. The Hauklotz should be so high that the ax lies when hitting the horizontal. For optimal ergonomic work, the stem must have the correct length. Of course you can hack a classic model with wooden handle use, but there are more and more the light axes with a handle made of almost unbreakable, glass fiber reinforced plastic. If you want to shred a lot of wood, you can also buy a motorized log splitter that splits the logs with hydraulic power.

Saw and split firewood tools

Splitting ax Fiskars X21

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Make tools and tools for firewood

Process firewood: How to saw and split properly: firewood

Weight of the head and stem length of the Fiskars X21 are optimally matched. Through the hook-shaped end of the stalk of the splitting ax does not slip out of the hand

Process firewood: How to saw and split properly: firewood

So-called universal hatchets or axes are versatile. A short, handy hatchet such as the Fiskars Universalaxt X10 is ideal for cutting off chips for lighting, for example

Process firewood: How to saw and split properly: splitting

A splitting hammer like the Ironside 3000g has a much better splitting effect due to its broad head

Process firewood: How to saw and split properly: splitting

For splitting larger logs a splitting wedge is optimal. Use only a plastic-chipping hammer or an ax with a hammer function to drive a steel wedge into the wood - never hammer with steel on steel

Process firewood: How to saw and split properly: firewood

Wood splitters are for the greater need: The Liege splitter Güde Spalty W 370 / 4T runs at 230 volts, builds a maximum pressure of four tons and manages pieces up to a maximum of 37 inches in length. For larger trunk pieces you need a so-called vertical splitter, which is significantly larger and more expensive depending on the model and usually requires a 400-volt connection

Process firewood: How to saw and split properly: split

With six tonnes of split power, the Scheppach Ox 1-650 hydraulic standing splitter also breaks hard woods with lengths of up to 104 centimeters

Process firewood: How to saw and split properly: split

With a Scheppach wox d500 seesaw, the wood can not strike back. The risk of injury is therefore low

Process firewood: How to saw and split properly: firewood

Small amounts of firewood can also be shredded with a hacksaw (Gardena Comfort Hacksaw 760)

Process firewood: How to saw and split properly: firewood

On the sawhorse of Wolfcraft, several pieces of wood can be fixed and cut at the same time

Process firewood: How to saw and split properly: wood

The firewood shelter of Plus A / S (Cubic system, approx. 660 Euro) can be integrated into the fence as a screen. Important: The logs should be stored airily, roofed and shielded to the weather side

Splitting ax Fiskars X21

Fiskars Universal Text X10

Mauling Ironside

Splitting wedge Fiskars

Güde wood splitter

Vertical log splitter Scheppach Ox 1-650

Scheppach rocker saw

Hacksaw Gardena

Wolfcraft sawhorse

Firewood shelter

Chainsaws: gasoline, cable or battery

Anyone who uses the chainsaw primarily to shred firewood at home is best served by an electric saw with cable. The devices are low maintenance and relatively cheap. When working in the garden bothers the cable, a cordless saw is much more flexible. The devices are however more expensive and with longer inserts one needs a Wechselakku. Anyone who works frequently with the chainsaw and even makes their own wood in the woods, takes a classic chainsaw with a petrol engine.Ask your dealer (Motorist) which device suits you best. It also helps you to maintain the engine and sharpen the chain.

Electric chain saw Stihl MSE 170 C-Q

McCulloch gasoline chainsaw CS 410 Elite

Electric saws such as the Stihl MSE 170 C-Q are less complicated and do not emit exhaust fumes. Gasoline chain saws like the McCulloch CS 410 Elite are powerful and cable-independent, but more demanding in handling and maintenance

Only burn dry wood

Moist wood heats much worse than dry, and also produces toxic carbon monoxide when burned. Therefore, firewood should be stored for one to two years in a breezy, dry place until the so-called wood moisture has dropped below 20 percent. Whether this value has been reached can be determined quickly with a wood moisture meter. As the logs dry faster on the outside, you should split one or saw and measure at the new cut surface.

Video Board: Simple Trick Splits Firewood Easier.

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