Phlox, care, cutting and wintering

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Phlox, also known as phlox, belongs to the family of the sky ladder family. The phlox has its grand entrance in July. With the right variety planting one has until well into the autumn a wonderful bloom splendor. Not only the scent of the phlox but also the wonderfully strong colors, as well as the pastel tones enchant every gardener's heart.
In many cottage gardens the phlox can be found. It is the image of the rural and should not be missing in any garden. In a climate with plenty of rainfall and a cool climate, the Phlox grows very well. The phlox from ancient Greek has its name, meaning "flame". Since it produces strong flowers, the plant got the German name Flammenblume, which is rarely used. The wild phlox can be found in the rain-rich areas of North America, especially in the low-mineral-rich soils, especially along rivers. The phlox is an Eldorado for butterflies, bees and bumblebees. Since they offer a great variety of colors, they can be arranged with various garden flowers. Perfect companions are asters, larkspur or roses.
Location of the phlox
The phlox grows particularly well in a partially shaded to sunny spot. The perennial grows up to one and a half meters. The soil should be moist, well drained and composty. The flaming flower is a shallow root, so regular watering, especially in high heat, is important. A sunny location (but not in the blazing sun) likes the phlox the most. The flowers of the phlox shine in shady surroundings properly. Fertilize with compost, horn meal and stinging nettle in the spring and especially before flowering, the phlox is particularly fond of. His location does not like the phlox. It can stay in the same place for up to ten years. If you plant the perennial too deeply, it can not come to bloom.
The right distance when planting should be about three to five plants per square meter. The plant distance should be 50 - 80 cm. If the phlox does not come to a correct location, it can take three to four years to get going. If you put the flower in another place because it does not flower properly, it should be cooler and wetter than the previous one. The best planting time is early spring or autumn.

  • moist soil, permeable and compost rich
  • does not like a blazing sun
  • cool and damp location
  • Keep planting distance
  • Planting time in spring or autumn
Care and propagation of the phlox
The Phlox is robust and durable, as well as frost hardy, even severe winters and late frosts. During the growth phase, especially in April and May, should be watered regularly in drought. Nutrient-rich soil that must be kept moist is all that the Phlox needs. If no natural fertilizer is available, it can be fertilized with a long-term phosphorus-rich fertilizer. If the deciduous umbels are broken off, the perennial begins to bloom a second time. The pruning should be done in late autumn or early spring.
Propagation is best done by dividing the rhizomes in spring, or after flowering in autumn. Propagation of root cuttings has also proved very successful. Self-seeding is also possible if the blooms are not cut off. However, plants that germinate from the seeds are usually not true to the species.
Diseases of the phlox
The flaming flowers score with magnificent flowers and a breathtaking fragrance, but they are prone to diseases and pests. You can tackle it a little bit by opting for robust varieties. 'Dusky Blaze', 'Pink Pastel', 'Elf', 'Judy', 'Puncture' or 'Pallas Athene', just to name a few, are among the most robust and less prone perennials. Among the diseases mildew is common, which can spread from the leaves to stems and flowers. Here you should tackle it with fungicides or mildew spray on the other hand.
In addition, the leaf blotch can infest the Phlox. This is a fungal disease that leaves the leaves yellow and dying. The leaves show red-purple spots, it is the leaf spot disease, against which there are no means directly. But with remedies for other fungal diseases you can also fight the leaf spots.
The stalk rot, which shows up at the bottom of the stem, is a viral disease. Leaf curls, greening of flowers or stem thickening are the signs of stem rot. Here you should remove the affected plants from the garden and destroy. Then there is the stick disease. Here the plant is attacked by very small worms, the so-called Stängelälchen.Shortened shoots, overgrown leaves and malformed flowers are the signs of a stick disease. The sick shoots should be removed.
Different flowering times
Depending on which phlox you choose, you have different flowering times. Thus the meadow phlox blooms from June to August with white, purple or rose-colored blooms, which become up to 1 m high. The early summer phlox shows its flowers from June to July and is 60 cm high. Purple, white with red, light purple with pink are the magnificent flowers that thrive in partial shade especially well. There are also phlox that can be planted in the rock garden. These have a cushion-shaped growth and proliferate over stones and walls. But also planting in tub or roof garden are optimal. The fragrance phlox is the diva among the phloxes. White and pink, violet-blue are the colors that set decorative accents in the perennial border.
Cut of the phlox
The phlox needs a lot of care. Regular fertilization increases growth and flowering power. The ideal time for this is in April / May and before flowering in July. Bloomed flowers should be cut back in the fall. A whole pruning down to 10 cm in should be done in the fall.
Worth knowing about the flaming flower soon
  • The phlox is a hardy, but not so easy to care plant. With its beguiling scent, it attracts butterflies, bumblebees and bees during flowering. The flowering period extends into the fall. The flaming flower should not be missing in any garden.
  • Phlox is sometimes the most popular perennial in German gardens. The variety of varieties makes each bed appear in a colorful sea of ​​flowers.
  • Phlox belongs to the strong-consuming shrubs. It grows best in nutrient rich, well drained, deep loamy soils. Always water sufficiently!
  • Ideal location is sun to partial shade, without blustery midday sun. Regular fertilization is absolutely necessary. Nettle, bone or horn meal, or with mature compost are suitable for this purpose.
  • Phlox is unfortunately very susceptible to mildew, mineral fertilizers with a high nitrogen content increase this susceptibility in addition.
  • The flowering starts in June and lasts well until October, of course, the flowering can also be dependent on the variety.
Phlox is now available in many different colors, also in two colors. Some new varieties are said to be less susceptible to disease: these varieties include 'Orange', or the 'Pastorale', with their beautiful salmon-colored flowers. The variety 'Pax' with its pure white flowers is less susceptible. The smell of the flaming flowers is strongest towards evening, but only when it is really hot. Her scent is very pleasant. Ideal plants in the vicinity of the phlox are fine ray thrushes, bluebells, cormorants, but also larkspur, daylilies, sun-eye and summer marguerites. Phlox is absolutely hardy, needs no protection at all.
Phlox tends to lift up after a few years. Cover with compost soil mixture. You can also take the sticks out of the ground, divide them and plant them again, but do not put them too low, otherwise the blooms may be left out. Regular removal of blooms promotes the formation of other flowers. If one cuts one-third of the shoots in early summer, the flowering time is extended.

Video Board: How to Grow and Care for Phlox Video.

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