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The flamingo flower, botanically named Anthuria, is a real eye-catcher with its shiny, mostly red leaves and the yellow piston in the middle of the leaf. But what care should be given to the anthurium, originally from the rainforests of Colombia and Guatemala, so that one can enjoy it for a long time?
Initially, only two species of anthurium are suitable as houseplants: the "Anthurium andreanum" and the "Anthurium scherzerianum". The large flamingo flower (Anthurium andreanum) has large, elongated heart-shaped leaves. Also, the red, orange or white Hochblatt of the flower has the shape of a heart, the flower bulb is usually straight. The small flamingo flower (Anthurium scherzerianum) is a herbaceous, evergreen plant. Their bracts are red, orange red or white and their orange-red sprouts are spirally turned.
The right location for the flamingo flower
Because the main flowering time of this tropical plant is spring, it does not require direct sunlight to produce its magnificent flowers all year round. Nevertheless, anthuriums prefer a bright location, which can also be partially shaded. Here, for example, the windowsill. If the flower is too dark, it will produce fewer flowers. In any case avoid direct sunlight and cold air currents. Because drafts, also starting from the heating, can lead to pest infestation and diseases in anthurium.
The optimal soil condition for a good growth
The soil mixture should contain a high proportion of coarse clay or sphagnum, as well as acid peat. Mixing compost soil, coarse peat and sand in equal parts gives the ideal soil for anthurium.
Which temperatures tolerate the Anthurie?
A room temperature of 18-23° C is optimal. This should be as moist as possible and kept warm. If you want to boost the production of the flowers, it is advisable to reduce the temperature to 16° C for 4-6 weeks in order to stimulate bud production. In addition, less water should be supplied during this time. When you fertilize and water more, the plant soon blooms beautifully. In the period from November to February, flamingo flowers enter a rest period. During this time, the room temperature should be 15-19° C.
How is the flamingo flower poured?
Outside the resting phase, the anthurium should always be kept slightly moist without causing waterlogging. When pouring, use tap water or rainwater that is as warm as possible, which should contain little lime. In winter, the amount of water should be reduced, so that the top soil layer dries slightly in between.
How many nutrients are needed?
Fertilize your flamingo flower frequently, but in moderation. During the growing months, add some fertilizer to the irrigation water every 2 weeks.
How to multiply the plant?
If you have larger plants, they can be shared in the spring. Carefully separate the anthurium so that each piece has a few roots and one vegetation point. Thereafter, the subplants are placed in pots with Torfkultursubstrat. Place them in a bright location at a constant temperature of 22 degrees. The growth of the small plants is stimulated by regular watering and ground heat.
Proper repotting made easy
In spring you can plant your young flamingo flower in a larger pot. Make sure that the flamingo flower is not used deeper than before. Fill sand, small pebbles or potsherds in the pot before filling it with soil. In this way, the water runs well and waterlogging is avoided. Use pots with a diameter of 10-18 cm.
Diseases of the anthurium
Like many plants, flamingo flowers are not protected against diseases and parasite infestation. Often these are caused by a wrong care. If the anthurium pours too hard, it can lead to diseases such as gray mold or root rot. These can be stopped by giving much less water. If the water supply is too low, dry spots can occur. In this case, change the location of the plant and spray it regularly with water. An infestation of aphids, thrips, scale insects or mealybugs can in a too dry indoor air for a higher humidity in the room.
Get these care tips so that your flamingo flower stays beautiful for a long time
- Keep the temperature constant and place the flamingo flower in a bright, not too sunny place without drafts
- Spray the flamingo flower regularly with stale, lime-free water, as it can prevent diseases
- Clean the leaves of the plant regularly with a damp sponge
- fertilize every 14 days, but not during rest
- only replant the flamingo flower if the old pot has become too small for the roots of the plant (about every 2-3 years)
- support very long and heavy flowers with the help of a rod, to which you attach the stems with threads
- Height 23 - 45cm
- Width 30 - 45cm
- Temperature 16 -21° C
- Partial shade or shade
- Perennial plant
The exotic-looking flowers are formed by a spathe, a reorganized as a sight organ leaf, which rises at the base of a bulbous inflorescence (Spadix) formed. The inflorescence, which can be up to 7.5cm long, consists of numerous small, inconspicuous flowers. He is just up in the air or curling at the top. The spathe shows different shades of scarlet, yellow and white.
Flamingo flowers place relatively high demands on care, as they require constant heat and moisture.
Popular types and varieties
Anthurium scherzerianum, short flamingo flower, reaches 30cm in height and 45cm in width and bears dark green, lanceolate leaves with 15cm long blade. The almost oval spathe are scarlet and 7.5 - 10cm long. The orange-red flamingo bulb is spirally curled. The species flowers from spring to autumn. The different varieties are characterized by spotted, dark tinted, white or pink spathe.