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Successfully combing meal mites The tiny and widespread flour mites nest in flour or storage and cause ill diseases for humans and animals. If you encounter these mites, you must act quickly to successfully fight the annoying animals.
Recognize flour mitesThe flour mite is a storage pest and belongs to the group of arachnids. The length of the oval, whitish-colored flour mite is up to 0.5 mm. Noticeable are the two pairs of long tail hairs at the back end. The arachnid occurs worldwide, but especially in temperate latitudes. With a litter the females lay about 40 eggs, from which six-legged larvae hatch after about three to four days. The mite can best develop and live at temperatures between 10 degrees Celsius and 35 degrees Celsius and a humidity of more than 60 percent.
Harmful effect of flour miteThe flour mite is primarily spread by other insects and also by bats. Infestation of these mites is most common in:
- Grain stores and
For humans and animals, the consumption of such foods can be associated with serious damage to health. For example, eating pregnant pigs or cattle infested feed, this can lead to miscarriages. In horses, colic occurs. In animals, attention should also be paid to the quality of litter. Not infrequently, the mites nest here too. If a person consumes food with infestation, it can lead to skin rashes, asthma or even to intestinal diseases. Likewise, infested products can trigger allergies. Many people suffer from a storage mite allergy in Germany. In particular, the respiratory tract is affected. Likewise, the affected products cause headaches and fever.
In the household, the animals especially prefer any kind of dry food. So they often live in cereal, flour, semolina, grass seed, bran or barley. If flour mites are discovered, the entire packaging should be thrown away.
Effective combatIn order to give the flour mites no chance, the following points must be observed, which are explained in detail below:
- watch for dryness
- Combat by acaricides
- Disposal of infested food
- Cereal mite and diatomaceous earth against meal mites
If these animals are found in food warehouses or silos, they can be fought directly with various gaseous acaricides. These are for example carbon dioxide, phosphine or nitrogen. In order to achieve an effective treatment, the control should be repeated regularly every two weeks.
If the animals are discovered in the household, all infested food should be disposed of as soon as possible thoroughly and as quickly as possible. The affected foods should not be consumed. The container where the infested food was stored must be thoroughly disinfected, as well as the affected storage cabinets.
Investigations have shown that the use of a cereal mite can completely extinguish the flour mite within two months. This way of pointing out the annoying animal is above all biological. Likewise, the use of diatomaceous earth against the arachnid has shown positive. For this purpose, a proportion of 90 percent of SiO 2 prevail in the earth in order to achieve the desired effect.
In principle, not all mites can be successfully combated with chemical agents and home remedies, but these can certainly be reduced to a minimum. However, they can be significantly reduced by a variety of correct behaviors. Above all, allergy sufferers should take particular care of a thorough action. These are listed below clearly, what should be done primarily in the household, in order to arrive against the meal mites:
- The humidity must be reduced, for example by heating. Thus, a mass propagation of the animals can be counteracted. Similarly, it could happen that the stocks are stored too wet.
- Store food cool and above all dry. Destroy all infested food, including disinfecting containers and cabinets
- Those foods that do not appear to be attacked by the mites should be placed in the freezer for two to three days to eliminate any residual risk that mites may still have deposited.
- Never use pesticides where food is stored.
- Likewise, regular and thorough vacuuming helps. Allerding the vacuum cleaner bag should then be thrown outside in the trash. Subsequently, the affected areas can be sprayed with an acaricide, which then visibly reduces the mite count.
- Furthermore, frequent ventilation of the rooms helps to reach the mites.
- Even dry animal feed is a treat for the meal mite.
The meal mite becomes quite a plague if it does not react and act correctly. With the above tips and advice the annoying animals can be successfully fought. Consequence and a certain perseverance are required.
Detect infestationOne recognizes an infestation because the products look like a light layer of dust. They become crumbly, smell sweet and taste bitter.
Should a cake not go, it may be due to a meal mite infestation. The bad thing is that eating contaminated foods can cause serious health problems. Often, allergies occur that can cause fever and headaches. In some cases, blisters and pustules form on the skin. Substantial gastric and intestinal reactions may occur and asthma attacks may be the result of eating mite infested food.
In animals, eating such spoiled food can lead to colic and miscarriage.
Flour mites are also thought to transmit harmful microorganisms. Under a microscope you can see the small mites. If you do not have a microscope on hand, you can spread and smooth flour on a smooth surface. If mites are present, the surface becomes rough after a few minutes.
The meal mites cause a relatively large feeding damage within a short time (one week). The mites rely on a relatively high humidity of 60 percent. Even more important is a high substrate moisture content, which must be more than 14 percent. The flour mite can develop at temperatures between 19 and 35 degrees Celsius. Apart from the fact that the meal mites can move themselves, they are also spread by insects and other animals.
Infested food must be destroyed. Foods that are not sure if they are affected can be put in the freezer for three days. In storage cabinets and in the immediate vicinity of food no insecticides may be used. Affected cabinets must be thoroughly cleaned. In storage rooms you have to ensure low humidity so mites do not survive
Under oekotest.de you can read that often in Aufbackbrötchen, as in many other cereal products, flour mites and their feces are included. The temperature reached during pre-baking is not enough to reliably kill the mites. Good Appetite.