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Loop flowers (Iberis amara) belong to the family of the Kreuzblütengewächse, which are to be found in many kinds particularly in rock gardens. They come from the Mediterranean, where they are represented by more than 30 varieties. It is often an annual plant, but most of them are popular for their flowers and stay in place for several years.
Some specimens grow herbaceous, others grow to the height of a small shrub. Loop flowers are mostly known among these variants:
- Bitter loop flower
- Evergreen loop flower
- Doldige Schleifenblume
The circulation area of the Schleifenblume is the European area and here especially the southern part. Spain, France and Italy, but also the Balkans, Africa and Morocco can be the home of this sun-drenched plant. Tip: Straight flowering stems can be placed in the vase.
Location for the loop flower
Loop flowers are available as seeds in many variants. So they can be sown directly on the spot in early spring between March and April, which can be done easily and without much effort. After just two weeks, the first small plantlets show up. From the variety of these seedlings, the garden owner should choose the strongest and plant thinned at a distance of 10cm. Even though loop flowers in themselves look very interesting due to their play of colors, they can make a beautiful picture in combination with midday flowers. Their color variety complements wonderfully with the innumerable small flowers of the Schleifenblume. Also, the scabious, which also fits with her pink flower heads to ribbon flowers, is a good neighbor.
The soil of the location of the sandflower should be slightly dry and have a slightly acidic to alkaline environment. The location should of course be sunny, just as the plant knows it from its origin. Sandy and loamy mixed soils that are rich in nutrients are ideal. Although the plant loves the warmth, it is still frost hardy. Night frosts also occur in their home countries, which is why they can be cultivated well in the relatively cool regions of Germany.
Tip: The bloom time of the Schleifenblume ranges from May to August.
With one or the other tip the ribbon flower can be promoted in its growth and the flowering can be improved. For example, using enough water in the spring will help prevent the flowers from opening too early and instead gain some strength for a lush size. But the flower flower blooms a little later in the year, which is basically no loss. The patience of the garden owner is then rewarded with larger and more beautiful flowers.
Loop flowers are great for closing gaps in beds quickly and through beautiful flowering plants. If the site is suitable, it can be used as a neighboring plant to many other varieties, usually directly on the edge of a bed. Here it is suitable for planting in the foreground due to its low stature height.
Care and pruning of the ribbon flower
If, after flowering, the stalks of the calyx flower are cut back and fed with liquid fertilizer, they repel a second time and once again form a beautiful carpet of flowers. This will be the case until August, because until then, the heyday of the Creeping Flower will last. Through the pruning, the gardener reaches again to form new flowers and then again in September to show her beautiful play of colors. However, this pruning also has other advantages:
- It not only ensures a nice growth and the additional flower abundance,...
- but also that the plant will be able to grow better next spring.
Not only does the plant cut back on a regular basis, but before - keeping an eye on development - cutting off flower stalks for the vase, the growth habit can also be influenced.However, the gardener should cut only until early autumn, so that the loop flower has formed new shoots until the onset of winter. The plant is hardy and does not need to be specially protected, some pine twigs placed over it help keep snow from crushing the plant.
Propagation of the loop flower
The gardener does not need to do anything to make the loop flower bigger and luscious. It is self-sowing and proliferates on its own, unless it is prevented by removing shoots. In the self-seeded plants, the flowers appear slightly earlier than in the parts of plants cultured by humans. If you want to multiply an existing plant by cuttings, this is just as possible. Cut branches are used in a flower pot, so that they can roost there in peace. This is fast and so they can be planted a short time later in the flowerbed. These actions should be done during the summer.
Possible pests of Iberis amara
Basically the sandflower is a robust plant. It is relatively rarely ill and is only attacked by pests that move from the neighboring plants. These are mostly aphids, but also a certain fungus can attack the plant. He causes the so-called "Umfallkrankheit", d. H. the sandflower is damaged in its root. As a result, she kills aboveground and dies. Attention: Immediately remove infected plants and throw them in the trash, not on the compost!
Where a sick plant has been, no new sowing or planting should take place, as there may be other germs in the soil. These would instantly infect the next plant.
Worth knowing about the Schleifenblume soon
Iberis (Iberis amara) enjoy a comeback in the spring gardens. They bloom white and fragrant, and the inflorescence can be extended and re-activated easily, cut off the already faded umbels. The sandflower knows one-year-old as well as perennial species. In the gardens, the perennial is recommended, because it forms after a few years already woody small shrubs of up to 40 cm in height, which are decorated all over with white umbels. So it stands in contrasting color and size, for example, to the early upholstery.
- The sandflower flowers from May to August. It is also nice if the petals have withered on the umbels and fall off in light wind. The plants below look like dusted with icing sugar. From the flowers, small pods form. However, the seeds of some species are slightly poisonous, so care should be taken with small children in the garden.
- The preferred locations of the flower are dry and clay soils. She also loves stony and calcareous substrates in which she can settle. And she prefers to blink with the flowers in the sun, sunny locations are preferred by her. Since the flowers smell very light and delicate, it is also advisable to plant them near a bench, and depending on the wind, you can then enjoy the delicate, beguiling scent of the sandflower.
- The candytuft flower as a medicinal plant at home is no longer used today. However, the mode of action of the flower is still used by the pharmaceutical industry. Thus, the active ingredients of the bow flower in the most diverse gastrointestinal preparations. If you want to use the loop flower as a medicinal plant, so you can make an infusion or squeeze the leaves. But beware, it tastes very, very bitter, because it bears her name, Bitter loop flower not by chance!