Flower types from A to Z: the lexicon with 50 types of flowers

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Wood anemone - Anemone nemorosa

Origin: Europe, from deciduous forests

Location: partially shaded to shady

propagation: by semen, by division of the rhizomes

Growth: herbaceous, upright, soil-covering, leaves dark green pinnate, flowers six-petalled, star-shaped, white

Bloom: March to April

Hard-working Lieschen (Impatiens walleriana)

Creeping Günsel - Ajuga reptans - Cuckoo flower

Origin: Europe, Southwest Asia

Location: partially shady, shady, absonnig and changeable

propagation: Streamers and seeds

Growth: bushy, ground covering, about 10 cm high, green or purple foliage, spike-shaped, violet-blue

flower candles

Bloom: May to June

Lilies of the valley (Convallaria majalis)

Lily of the Valley - Convallaria majalis

Origin: European and Asian forests

Location: Partial shade and shadow

propagation: by division of rhizomes, flowering germs, foothills

Growth: about 10 cm high, two to three leaves per plant, broad-bellied, white flowers

Bloom: May

Bleeding Heart (Lamprocapnos spectabilis)

Pansies - Violets - Viola

Origin: North America, Peru, Japan Australia, Tasmania

Location: partial shade

propagation: seed

Growth: upright, leaves kidney-shaped to heart-shaped, flower violet-blue, nodding

Bloom: April to June

Flowers that love sunny places

Edelweiss (Leontopodium)

Alpine Edelweiss - Leontopodium

Origin: Mountains of Europe and Asia

Location: steppe-like alpine meadows in a sunny south facing position

propagation: by seeds in March and by division

Growth: horstig compact, herbaceous stasis, relatively flat on the ground, up to 20 cm high, lanceolate leaves, hairy, star-shaped tubular flowers in silver-white

Bloom: June to September


Freesia - Freesia

Origin: South Africa

Location: sunny

propagation: by division in spring and autumn

Growth: upright, about 10 cm high, crescent-shaped leaves, filled flowers in white, pink, yellow, light green and purple

Bloom: until September

Geranium (Pelargonium)

Gerbera jamesonii

Origin: Asia, southern Africa

Location: sunny, loose, sandy soil

propagation: seed

Growth: Tongue-shaped dark green serrated leaves, long-stemmed, radiant baskets of flowers in white, yellow, salmon, pink and dark red

Bloom: April to September

Gladiolus (Gladiolus)

Corn poppy - Papaver rhoeas

Origin: Orient, Asia Minor, Caucasus

Location: sunny to full sun

propagation: seed

Growth: upright, 60 to 90 cm high, plum-shaped, pink to purple flowers

Bloom: June to August

Tulip (Tulipa gesneriana)

Tulips - Tulipa

Origin: Persia

Location: sunny

propagation: onions

Growth: single standing on stems, wide petal petals in yellow, white, pink, purple, flamed or black

Bloom: Early April to late May

Flowers for the spring

Clematis (Clematis vitalba)

Poet Daffodil - Narcissus poeticus

Origin: Southwest Europe, North West Africa

Location: sunny to semi-sunny

propagation: onions

Growth: up to 80 cm high, oblong, smooth-edged leaves, white to pale yellow, trumpet-shaped flowers, often orange margined

Bloom: March April

Daffodil (Narcissus pseudonarcissus)

Daffodils - Narcissus

Origin: Central Europe, North Africa

Location: sunny

propagation: onions

Growth: upright, up to 40 cm high, lanceolate, smooth-edged leaves, bright yellow, funnel-shaped flowers with tubes of six overgrown petals

Bloom: March to April

Cowslip (Primula veris)

Cowslip - Primula veris

Origin: Europe, Asia

Location: sunny to partially shaded

propagation: by seed and by division in spring and autumn

Growth: upright, horstbildend, about 20 cm high, oval medium-green leaves with toothed leaf margin, fünfzählige, golden yellow blooms

Bloom: March / April to May / June

Snowdrop (Galanthus)

Snowdrop - Galanthus

Origin: from moist forests in western, central and southern Europe

Location: full sun, lots of light, humus rich, loose soil

propagation: Distribution of the seeds by ants, division of the clumps, setting of daughter onions

Growth: Narrow, leathery leaves, white drooping bell-shaped flowers with three long outer petals and three short inner petals with green tips

Bloom: January to March

Flowers that bloom in the summer

Gloxinia (Sinningia)


Origin: Brazil

Location: warm, humid, bright but not sunny

propagation: from seeds, from November to February artificial light necessary

Growth: dark green oval leaves, large funnel-shaped, nodding flowers in white, purple, red, pink and purple

Bloom: March to August

Lily (Lilium)

Lily - Lilium

Origin: Asia, Northern Europe

Location: sunny to partially shaded

propagation: onions

Growth: between 30 centimeters and 3 meters high, smooth stems with unrestrained, smooth-edged, elongated leaves, grape-shaped trumpet-shaped flowers in colors such as white, yellow, pink or salmon. Often they are speckled with dark spots.

Bloom: from May to September

Carnation (Dianthus)

Carnation - Diathus

Origin: Europe, Asia

Location: permeable, nutrient-rich soil

propagation: by seed as well as by division in spring and autumn

Growth: straight, cushioned, up to 50 cm high, narrow, lanceolate, bluish-green leaves, filled flowers in pink, white, green and red with jagged edges

Bloom: June to August

Larkspur (Delphinium)


Origin: China, Persia

Location: very bright to sunny

propagation: Cuttings, seeds, refinement

Growth: shrubby, upright, high-stemmed or creeping, heart-shaped, three-leaved leaves, thorns, rosette flowers filled in velvety red, yellow, orange, salmon, black, purple, pink and white

Bloom: Summer and autumn

Pansy (Viola tricolor)

Pansies - Violets - Viola

Origin: Europe

Location: sunny

propagation: seed

Growth: sprouted leaves, small flowers from 4 to 6 cm with five petals in powerful colors like dark blue, purple or yellow

Bloom: April to October

Vetch (Vicia)

Wicken - Vicia

Origin: northern temperate areas, South American Andes

Location: sunny to partially shaded

propagation: Seeds from pods

Growth: Climbing, paired pinnate leaves, five-fold butterfly flowers in colors such as red, white, light purple and dark purple

Bloom: June to September

autumn flowers

Aster (Asteraceae)

Begonia - Dragon wing - Begonia

Origin: tropical rainforests of South America, Asia, Africa

Location: bright but not in blazing sun, ambient temperature should not fall below 18° C

propagation: by Kopfstecklinge in April and May

Growth: thick-bodied, heart-shaped leaves, ball-shaped, filled and unfilled flowers in yellow, pink, red and white

Bloom: January to December

Orchid (Orchidaceae)

Lady's Slipper - Orchid - Paphiopedilum

Origin: tropical asia, philippines, australia, south america, indonesia

Location: light to partially shaded

propagation: by sharing during repotting

Growth: long-stemmed, long, narrow leaves, lip-shaped and butterfly-shaped flowers in pink, green, rust, yellow or purple often bicolored striped, speckled or mackereled

Bloom: depending on the species in spring, summer, autumn and winter

Slipper flower (Calceolaria)

Slipper flower - Calceolaria

Origin: South America

Location: very light, but not full sun, as cool as possible (15 to 20° C)

propagation: by seed in summer germination temperature 18° C

Growth: Half-shrub with oval to plate-shaped leaves, flowers with inflated to a wide shoe bottom lip in yellow, red and orange monochrome, bicolor or mackerel

Bloom: January to May


African violets

Origin: Tanzania

Location: light to partially shaded, no sun, in summer 20° C and above, in winter not below 18° C

propagation: through leaf cuttings at over 20° C ground heat

Growth: Heart-shaped leaves, flowers in blue, purple, pink and red nuances

Bloom: From January to December, depending on the age of the plants, new flowers are formed several times in succession, interrupted by several weeks of rest

Flowers for a natural flower meadow or a pond shore

Daisies (Bellis perennis)

Ball bellflower

Origin: Mediterranean

Location: bright to sunny, in summer protect from blazing midday sun

propagation: Put cuttings in a peat-sand mixture

Growth: dark green, heart-shaped leaves, blue-violet or white bell-shaped flowers

Bloom: March to October

Cornflower (Centaurea cyanus)

Cornflower - Centaurea cyanus

Origin: Southern Europe

Location: warm, full sun, dry, lime-free soil

propagation: seed

Growth: stiff, downy hairy stems, elongated, lanceolate leaves, cup-shaped inflorescences with bright blue tubular flowers

Bloom: from May to October

Snapdragon (Antirrhinum)

Lupine - Lupinus

Origin: North America

Location: sunny, partially shaded

propagation: seed

Growth: Butterfly petals, upright, up to 1.50 meters high, fan-shaped, fingered leaves, up to 50 cm long, racemose inflorescence with 50 to 80 flowers in colors such as pink, purple, salmon, light blue or white

Bloom: End of May to beginning of August

Marguerite (Leucanthemum)

Daisies tribe

Origin: Europe

Location: sheltered from the wind and sunny

propagation: Cuttings and seeds

Growth: upright, high-stemmed or shrubby, up to 60 cm high, leaf growth alternate on stems, large white, radial basket flowers up to 6 cm in diameter, yellow in the middle

Bloom: May to July

Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris)


Origin: Central Europe, Northern Europe, Northern Asia, Arctic North America, Iceland

Location: sunny, humid, at ponds, marshy meadows and watercourses

propagation: seed

Growth: herbaceous plant with long stemmed, basal, dark green leaves and golden yellow flowers

Bloom: March to June, weaker second flowering possible from July to October

Forget-me-not (Myosotis)

Wood sorrel - Oxalis acetosella

Origin: Europe, Siberia, Japan

Location: Shade, sandy, heavily drained soil

propagation: by division in spring and autumn and by seed

Growth: flat, 5 to 8 cm high, three- and four-part, entire leaves, white flowers

Bloom: from April to May

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