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A garden bed does not always have to be rectangular. Slightly curved shapes make such colorful and cheerful plantations of perennials come into their own and integrate them very well into the lawn.
Important and controversial is the question of how many plants per m² should be planted. Mostly a relatively large density is chosen to account for the impatience of many garden owners, especially newbies among them. However, those who have more patience and want to weed more often, could do without some plants, so that an average density of 5-6 pieces / m results. However, always plant to the edges of the beds, some plants want to grow over plates or stones. In 2-3 years, the areas will be overgrown and weeding will have become a removal of vigorously developed perennials so they will not oppress their weaker neighbors.
Magnificent bedding plants will show so-called fatigue over the years, d. H. they will not grow and bloom so abundantly. Then it's time to take them out, divide them and put them back into well-fertilized soil. These include especially the asters, larkspur, daisies, garden chrysanthemums and the sun hat. One of the most important care works is the flat chopping, if possible after it has rained. In the process, the weeds are removed once, on the other hand a considerable improvement of the soil structure and water retention capacity of the soil is effected. This is particularly appropriate for summer flowers, bedding and rose plantings. For forest and wild plantations and in alpinum, however, it does not make sense.
A perennial flowerbed in the sun
The most colorful, vigorous flowering perennials, or perennials or bedding bushes, as they are also called, have a decades-long, sometimes centuries-long breeding and selection behind. As a result, like all crops, they place high demands on soil cultivation and nutrient supply. If you want to create a magnificent perennial flowerbed, you need a well-sunned, open area with a deep, nutrient-rich soil. The bedding plants require an open soil, which must be hacked again and again during the year. This means that it should be remembered at the time of planning that the planting should be made easily accessible by means of an appropriate structure and that the beds should not be laid out too broadly.
Special attention must be given to soil preparation. The soil should be at least 30 cm deep well loosened, the earth fine crumbly and well supplied with permanent humus and nutrients. It is particularly favorable if you incorporate into the planting areas a 10-15 cm thick compost layer. Of course, it goes without saying that all root weeds must first be removed.
The best planting time for perennials lies after their flowering, d. H. spring flowers are transplanted in early summer, autumn flowers in autumn or in spring. Since perennials, especially in new plants, often have to be planted together with woody plants for operational reasons, the spring planting date is generally to be preferred. It is important then sufficient watering and possibly temporary protection of the newly planted perennials against excessive sunlight. Most flower bulbs are planted in autumn, about 3 times as deep as the onion is thick, but at least 5 cm deep.
Examples of Plantings
Spring: Imperial crowns, snowdrops, tulips
Summer: larkspur, peonies, irises, iris, phlox, daisies
Autumn: sunhat, sun-eye, sunflowers, cushion-eaters, autumn-red
Grasses: blue oat grass, pure grass
On such a perennial border, the snowdrops appear in early spring, followed by various varieties of tulips, whose flowering period extends from early April to late May. If possible, place the flower bulbs in irregular, larger groups close to trees or shrubs that do not need to be transplanted.
Rosary with grasses
Roses have similar requirements to soil and nutrients as our bedding plants, so they can also be combined well. Very decorative is a combination with grasses, as they form a delightful contrast to the often somewhat rigid growth of roses. However, you should use grasses that grow like hornets, as roses are significantly disturbed in their development if they are over-stressed by other plants. The soil should be somewhat loamy, humus-rich and permeable, as roses are very sensitive to waterlogging.
Spring: early tulips, filled early tulips, parrot tulips
Summer: blue winged, feathered grass, switchgrass, goldgrass grass, groundcovering roses, dwarf roses, edelrosen, bed roses
At the beginning of April, between the seemingly lifeless woody shoots of roses, the early, filled tulips develop. If you have covered the bed of roses with spruce twigs over winter, you should at least now cover the bed, once carefully chop it. The filled, low tulips, which are playful in flower form, are followed in May by the tall, almost untidy parrot tulips. At the same time, roses and grasses begin to drift vigorously. The wilting foliage of the flower bulbs gradually disappears between the rose foliage and can be removed at the end of June.
Heidebeet with winter heather
The special charm of winter heathers lies in their unusual flowering time, which, depending on the weather, from about November to March. There are also Erica species that bloom in the summer. They have very special site requirements and therefore can not be used in the home garden without special soil preparation. Even if the wintry flowering time still so tempted to create a heather bed in our garden, so it should never be isolated, without connection to matching shrubs or perennials plan. In the Alpine region, Erica herbacea has a clear, mostly warm shade on both acidic and calcareous soils, and its abundance of raw humus is important for its good growth.
If we do not find a suitable location in our garden where an Erika plantation can be integrated into the overall plant, we should rather abandon this plant species - it would be degrading, e.g. The snow heath should be used extensively, interspersed with weak-growing pines, with grasses and shrubs where appropriate, even with rhododendrons and azaleas. When they are associated with woody plants, it has to be taken into account that the winter heather will not feel very well in the area of heavy drops in the presence of woody plants. If the plants are to remain bushy and stocky, it is advisable to cut them back after flowering at intervals of about two years in spring.
Spring: Winter heather, Trumpet Daffodils, Narzissus' Spring Giory
Summer: Cornwall heath, grass lilies, Bergastern, Karthäusernelken,
Autumn and winter: golden hairs, winter heathers, Erica herbacea 'Winterbeauty'twinter pines, fake beech
One should plant Erica relatively close in smaller groups, which add up to larger areas, 10 pieces / m², so that the soil is soon covered. In between grasses and perennials can stand. If the plants are to remain dense and bushy, it is advisable to prune after flowering, in most species in March; h. to shorten the shoots by 2-3 cm.