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A planting plan is indispensable for a flowering hedge made from different perennials. The plan contains important details about the hedge, such as size and position. Of course, the plants used must not be missing. For example, a planting plan has the advantage that perennials can be optimally positioned and thus also offer better privacy. In addition, about the place can be used optimally, which not only the plants can develop well, but also not unnecessarily much money spent on a hedge.
What is a planting plan?
A planting plan consists of at least two elements: a sketch of the location with the later plants and a list of plants. Before starting the sketching of the positions for plants on the sketch, the environmental details of the later flowering hedge are drawn. These include, for example, boundaries such as walls or gates or other objects that are directly at or near the hedge. This has the advantage that hedge plants are not planted too close to house walls and there can cause damage to the masonry. If the environment is sketched, the plants are drawn where they should be later, whereby certain factors such as the estimated maximum size are taken into account, or even sub-plantings of ground cover are already drawn. Each drawn circle of a hedge plant is given a number and listed below.
The list of plants can be supplemented with further details, such as the flowering times, whereby the flowering hedge can be planted almost all year round when mixing different types of perennials. In addition, it can already be noted in the shrubs, whether they grow very strong or slow. As a result, a plan for the regular hedge trimming can be created even easier later.
Tip: If the planting plan is created with a drawing program on the PC, the individual positions or size relationships can be changed more easily.
Especially with mixed hedges of flowering plants, the selection of varieties is very difficult, but with the right choice, each perennial flowers, which are always flowers on different sections of the hedge. Among the first flowering perennials that are suitable for a hedge is the forsythia. Its golden yellow flowers are a welcome treat for the first bees in the year. Also indispensable is the lilac, which flowers in the middle of spring until almost early in the summer. From the lilac there are different colors like white, pink and different violet tones. If there is enough space, several colors can be planted on different parts of the hedge, resulting in a colorful picture. Many of the flowering shrubs often only flower until June or July and often show only their green foliage. Those who would like to supplement the hedge with late bloomers, should consciously bred varieties such as the rhododendron search, which only bloom from July or in August. The garden marshmallow is in relation to the colors, the lilac of the summer. Its large flowers bloom in the summer and offer a similar color range as the lilac to different shades of blue. The number of flowering shrubs in winter is very low, among the most popular being the witch hazel, of which certain species already bloom from autumn. With the different shrubs can be conjured already a hedge, which presents almost the entire year in the most colorful colors and at the same time ensures a good privacy.
Planning nature hedges
In addition to the ornamental shrubs, a flowering hedge can also be planted with wild shrubs, which is also habitat for many species of animals. However, in principle, the space should be calculated generous, since natural hedges are cut less often, so plenty of space should be added to the neighbors or to the street. Among the wild shrubs that can be used for hedges, the cornelian cherry belongs. Especially larger perennials score with their yellow flower clusters, which already bloom in early spring. Indispensable in the shrubs for natural hedges is the elder. Regularly cut, he does not develop into a tree, but remains bushy. Not only privacy, but also a beguiling fragrance exudes the blackthorn. It blooms before the elder or almost at the same time with the elderberry and looks like a white snow globe, as it is covered all over with delicate small flowers. The hawthorn is also one of the wild bushes, which are suitable for a magnificent flower hedge. It blooms from about May and is a popular bee pasture.
Tip: Natural hedges should rarely be cut or only if it is necessary.However, they have the advantage that they require less care, as many shrubs are slower in growth.
The different shrubs for a flowering hedge also have different space requirements, which is partly due to their growth rate and on the other hand due to their growth habit. The rhododendron, for example, has a habit that is more broad, whereas the garden marshmallow has a narrow growth habit. The perennials with their space requirements are entered in the plant plan for Blühencken, whereby no perennial gets in the way. In addition, site requirements should be included in the plant plan and perennials with a high nutrient requirement should be positioned next to plants with lower nutrient requirements. This simplifies the fertilization of the perennials later.
Make regular shape cuts
For hedges of ornamental shrubs, a regular shape cut should be carried out. This has the advantage that they require less space and can be planted more densely and on the other hand also grow more evenly. These aspects can already be included in the plan of the plant, which also provides sufficient space for the next shrub, which is the turn to bring forth flowers.
The spring messengers as hedge plants
The forsythia is widespread, with some varieties already blooming bright yellow in March, marking the beginning of spring. It is also called Gold lilac or Gold bell because of its color. First the flowers appear in the spring, then the oval leaves form, which turn yellowish-green in the autumn, in some varieties wine-red and bring color into the garden again late in the year. The forsythia is up to four meters high and should be cut back immediately after flowering to get many flowers again next year. It is best protected a bit because the flowers tolerate no frost.
The Kolkwitzie is also up to four meters high. It blooms in May with plenty of pink and white flowers. She is very undemanding, but needs a sunny or at least bright location. Older branches should be cut out regularly, which is possible throughout the year. From August to September, hairy fruits form on the Kolkwitzie, from which the dried goblets are preserved.
Shrubs for flowering in summer
Lilac flowers from May to June in a soft light purple, a dark purple or white and smells very good. The summer lilac has its heyday somewhat later between July and October and is available with white, pink or purple flowers. Even the hibiscus blooms late. Due to its origin, it needs a sunny, sheltered place, where it blooms into the fall. It should be cut in spring before it develops leaves, so it is pretty bushy.
Hydrangeas can also be used very well for a hedge. Of them, there are about 80 species that flower in different colors and reach different heights. Partly they throw their leaves in the fall, some varieties are also evergreen. For most species, the flowering period lasts from June to August.
The hedge can also bloom in winter
For a flowering in winter, there is in the genus Snowball the Viburnum Bodnantense Dawn, which forms many small pink-white flowers from November to March and thus provides a little color in the dark season. Only after flowering does it form leaves that turn yellow and red in autumn. It only needs to be lighted when needed after flowering.
The flowering hedge during the year
In order to get a little color into the garden through the hedge at any time of the year, different shrubs can be selected and planted next to each other. Then one by one the shrubs are in full bloom, thus ensuring a varied look. Depending on the taste, similar but also completely different colors can be combined with each other.
frequently asked Questions
How long does it take for a flowering hedge to be opaque?
As a rule, it takes longer for flowering hedges to be so dense that no more glances can penetrate, as they put their power primarily into the flower or fear. But flowering hedges are visually appealing than pure evergreen hedges from Thujen, for example.
Do flowering hedges have to be watered regularly?
In principle, flowering shrubs do not require additional watering for hedges. Only in very dry summers, like any other hedge, should be watered regularly - this is not the case, flowering shrubs often last longer than Thujen, as they have more opportunities to reduce their water needs, for example, by dropping leaves.